Renal Transitional Cell Carcinoma in an Aids Patient on Long Term Combined Antiretroviral Therapy: Case Report
International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science
Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2016, Pages: 1-3
Received: Mar. 30, 2016; Accepted: Apr. 6, 2016; Published: May 17, 2016
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Authors
Enow-Orock George Enownchong, Pathology Unit, Regional Hospital Buea, Buea, South West Region, Cameroon
Eyongeta Divine Enow, Urology Unit, Regional Hospital Limbe, Limbe, South West Region, Cameroon
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Abstract
Malignant tumours of the kidney are rare. Some of these tumours have been associated with AIDS. Renal transitional cell carcinoma is not only rare, but has been rarely reported as an associated AIDS lesion. We report the case of a multifocal, unilateral, renal transitional cell carcinoma found in an acquired cystic,nephrolithiasic, non-functional kidney in an AIDS patient on combined Anti RetroviralTherapy (cART) for 10 years. This case clearly illustrates the transition from a physical lesion (renal calculi) through a dystrophic condition (cystic kidney) to malignant transformation (transitional carcinoma) in a background of immune depression (AIDS) and cART. It is not clear if the immune depression is a risk factor for the tumour. The interaction between the conditions was not investigated in this report. Further studies are required to document the relationship between cystic degeneration, AIDS, cART and progression to transitional cell carcinoma of the kidney, as seen in this case.
Keywords
HIV, AIDS, cART, Transitional Cell, Carcinoma, Kidney
To cite this article
Enow-Orock George Enownchong, Eyongeta Divine Enow, Renal Transitional Cell Carcinoma in an Aids Patient on Long Term Combined Antiretroviral Therapy: Case Report, International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-3. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20160201.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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