Phytochemical Analyses of Various Parts of Prosopis cineraria
International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
Volume 2, Issue 1, September 2016, Pages: 6-9
Received: Jul. 27, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 12, 2016; Published: Sep. 26, 2016
Views 3267      Downloads 111
Authors
Preeti Khandelwal, Department of Botany, B.B.D. Government P.G. College, Chimanpura (Shahpura), Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
R. A. Sharma, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Mala Agarwal, Department of Botany, B.B.D. Government P.G. College, Chimanpura (Shahpura), Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Phytochemical screening is an important step which leads to the isolation of new and novel compounds. Different parts of Prosopis cineraria, such as leaves, pods, flowers, stem and seeds were selected for phytochemical screening to identify the different classes of metabolites. Solvent extract of the plant material with the help of different solvents in the increasing order of polarity was taken. Petroleum ether, benzene, chloroform, acetone, ethanol and water revealed that ethanol and water to be the best solvent in extracting metabolites from P. cineraria. Qualitative analysis of the total metabolite present in different parts of the plant showed leaf and pod to be the richest source of plant metabolite followed by pods, leaves, flowers, seeds and stem. Phytochemical analysis of the extracts revealed presence of carbohydrates, proteins, tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenes and steroids in most of the parts of P. cineraria.
Keywords
Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Phytochemical, Prosopis cineraria, Steroids, Tannins, Terpenes
To cite this article
Preeti Khandelwal, R. A. Sharma, Mala Agarwal, Phytochemical Analyses of Various Parts of Prosopis cineraria, International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2016, pp. 6-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpc.20160201.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Sharma R, Jodhawat N, Purohit S and Kaur S. 2012. Antibacterial activity and phytochemical screening of dried pods of prosopis cineraria. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res. 14 (1): 15-17.
[2]
Kumar A, Yadav S K, Singh S, S. N. 2011.Pandeya. Analgesic activity of ethanolic extract of roots of Prosopis cineraria (l.) Druce. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science.1 (08): 158-160.
[3]
Velmurugan V, Arunachalam G and Ravichandran V. 2012. Anticonvulsant Activity of Methanolic Extract of Prosopis cineraria (Linn) Druce Stem Barks. International Journal of Pharm Tech Research. 4 (1): 89-92.
[4]
Purohit A, Ram H. 2012. Hypolipidemic and antiatherosclerotic effects of prosopis cineraria bark extract in experimentally induced hyperlipidemic rabbits. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research 5 (3): 106-109.
[5]
Gupta A, Sharma G, Pandey S, Verma B, Pal V, Agrawal S S. 2014 Prosopis cineraria and Its Various Therapeutic Effects with Special Reference to Diabetes: a Novel Approach. Int. J. Pharm.Sci. Rev. Res. 27 (2): 328-333.
[6]
Sachdeva S, Kaushik V, Saini V. 2014. A Review on phytochemical and pharmacological potential of Prosopis cineraria. International Journal of Ethnobiology & Ethnomedicine; 1 (1): 1-4.
[7]
Pareek A K, Garg S, Kumar M and yadav S M. 2015.Prosopis Cineraria: A gift of nature for pharmacy. 6 (6): 958-964.
[8]
Garg A, Mittal S K. 2013.Review on Prosopis cineraria: A potential herb of Thar desert. Drug invention today. 5: 6 0-6 5.
[9]
Sharma D, Singla Y P. 2013. Evaluation of antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activity of Prosopis cineraria (Linn.) in wistar rats.Journal of Scientific and Innovative Research; 2 (4): 751-758.
[10]
Khandelwal P, Sharma R A, Agarwal M. 2015. Pharmacology, phytochemistry and therapeutic Application of Prosopis cineraria linn: A review, Journal of Plant Sciences; 3 (1): 33-39.
[11]
Rani B, Singh U, Sharma R, Gupta A, Dhawan N G, Sharma AK, Sharma S, Maheshwari R K. Prosopis cineraria (l) druce: a desert tree to brace livelihood in Rajasthan. Asian J Pharmaceut Res Health Care; 5 (2): 58-64.
[12]
Shou-jen R. Chen, B. S. 1981. Extraction of organic chemicals from mesquite. Thesis-Master of Science, Texas Tech University.
[13]
Saadoun I, Challah L M, Aldhuhouri F M, Hamoudi A, and Joubori B A. 2014. Antagonistic Effect of the Exotic Plant "Prosopisjuliflora" Extract on Different Bacterial Pathogens. Int.J. Curr.Microbiol.App. Sci.; 3 (7), 865-873.
[14]
Khan R, Zakir M, Afaq SH, Latif A, Khan AU.2010. Activity of solvent extracts of Prosopisspicigera, Zingiberofficinale and Trachyspermumammi against multidrug resistant bacterial and fungal strains.J Infect Dev Ctries. 4 (5): 292-300.
[15]
Renganathana S, Sahub S K and Kathiresanb K. 2015. Phytochemical and molecular docking analyses of Prosopisjuliflora derived phytochemicals against Anti-apoptotic protein bcl-2. World J.Pharmaceutical Res. 4 (4), 1487-1496.
[16]
Deepa N, Nayaka S. C,.Girish K and M.P. Raghavendra. 2013. Synergistic effect of Prosopis juliflora extract and chemical fungicides against seed borne toxigenic fungi. Int. J. Adv. Lif. Sci. 6 (4), 312-317.
[17]
Odhiambo R S, Patrick K G, Helen K L, Gathu N C, Francis N K, Richard W W. 2014. Evaluation of In Vitro Ovicidal Activity of Ethanolic Extracts of Prosopisjuliflora (Sw.) DC (Fabaceae); 9 (3), 15-18.
[18]
Kavishankar G.B, Lakshmidevi N and Mahadeva M. S. 2011. Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial properties of selected medicinal plants against bacteria associated with diabetic patients. 2 (4); 509-518.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186