Insecticidal Activity of Essential oil of Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel) Bullock
International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
Volume 2, Issue 2, November 2016, Pages: 20-23
Received: Aug. 22, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 23, 2016; Published: Oct. 28, 2016
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Authors
Adesola Adebajo Osunsami, Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
Sunkanmi Emmanuel Sotubo, Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
Oladipupo Adejumobi Lawal, Natural Products Research Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria
Isiaka Ajani Ogunwande, Natural Products Research Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria
Olanrewaju Ishola Eresanya, Natural Products Research Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria
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Abstract
The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of the leaf of Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel) Bullock (Asclepiadaceae) was studied for the insecticidal activity using a conventional procedure. Different concentrations (50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 mg/mL) of P. nigrescens essential oil prepared separately and diluted in DMSO were tested on the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais. The essential oil displayed 100% mortality (fumigant toxicity) against S. zeamais adults at tested concentration of 150 mg/mL with lethal concentrations (LC50) of 46.14 mg/mL air. This is the first report on the insecticidal activity of essential oil of P. nigrescens and may be explore as a potential natural herbal plant for the control of insect pest.
Keywords
Asclepiadaceae, Essential Oil, Insecticidal Activity, Parquetina nigrescens, Sitophilus zeamais
To cite this article
Adesola Adebajo Osunsami, Sunkanmi Emmanuel Sotubo, Oladipupo Adejumobi Lawal, Isiaka Ajani Ogunwande, Olanrewaju Ishola Eresanya, Insecticidal Activity of Essential oil of Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel) Bullock, International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2016, pp. 20-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpc.20160202.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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