Effect of Trace Elements from Consumption of Crops Cultivated on Mine Domes (Spoils): A Case Study of Jos Plateau and Environs, Central Nigeria
International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 67-71
Received: May 30, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 26, 2017; Published: Oct. 26, 2017
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Authors
Raymond Revelation Dakar, Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Jos, Nigeria
Umaru Umaru Nahabu, Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Jos, Nigeria
Adamu Yunusa Ugya, Biological Sciences Department, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Tijjani Sabiu Imam, Biological Sciences Department, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
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Abstract
The study was conducted on the Jos Plateau metropoly and its environs in Jos North, parts of Jos South and Barkin-Ladi Local Government Areas of Plateau State, Central Nigeria. The studied area covered south eastern part of Naraguta sheet 168 NE, extends down North eastern part of Kurra sheet 189NE bounded by Longitude 8˚50΄E to 9˚00΄E and Latitude 9˚ 26΄N to 9˚43΄N respectively. This area sampled covers a land mass of about 586.25 square kilometer. This study begins from May, 2009 to March, 2016 at the National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Vom. The aim was to investigate the effect of trace elements from consumption of crops cultivated on mine domes (spoils). The results presented in this paper refer to Tomato and Irish-potato, which are the most popular crops planted in that area in 2009-2016 respectively. Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence spectrometry(ED-XRFS) method was employed for the analysis of Cu, Fe, Zn, Ni, Pb, Cr and Mn. This study concluded that all those concentrations are well below threshold limit values accepted in Nigeria. No significant differences in Cu, Pb and Cr concentrations between the tested Tomato and Irish-potato were found. Zinc concentration in Potato was significantly lower than in Irish potato. Generally, the study concluded that plant samples were found to have major, minor and mostly trace elements’ concentrations below the safe values. However, Pb that has high concentration above the safe value (threshold limit) in Potato is advised not to be cultivated around mine domes, because of its health adverse effects on the inhabitants.
Keywords
Mine, Domes, Concentrates, Trace Elements, Tomatoes, Irish Potatoes
To cite this article
Raymond Revelation Dakar, Umaru Umaru Nahabu, Adamu Yunusa Ugya, Tijjani Sabiu Imam, Effect of Trace Elements from Consumption of Crops Cultivated on Mine Domes (Spoils): A Case Study of Jos Plateau and Environs, Central Nigeria, International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2017, pp. 67-71. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpc.20170305.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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