Effect of Trace Elements from Consumption of Crops Cultivated on Mine Domes (Spoils): A Case Study of Jos Plateau and Environs, Central Nigeria
International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 67-71
Received: May 30, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 26, 2017; Published: Oct. 26, 2017
Views 361      Downloads 19
Raymond Revelation Dakar, Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Jos, Nigeria
Umaru Umaru Nahabu, Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Jos, Nigeria
Adamu Yunusa Ugya, Biological Sciences Department, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Tijjani Sabiu Imam, Biological Sciences Department, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
The study was conducted on the Jos Plateau metropoly and its environs in Jos North, parts of Jos South and Barkin-Ladi Local Government Areas of Plateau State, Central Nigeria. The studied area covered south eastern part of Naraguta sheet 168 NE, extends down North eastern part of Kurra sheet 189NE bounded by Longitude 8˚50΄E to 9˚00΄E and Latitude 9˚ 26΄N to 9˚43΄N respectively. This area sampled covers a land mass of about 586.25 square kilometer. This study begins from May, 2009 to March, 2016 at the National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Vom. The aim was to investigate the effect of trace elements from consumption of crops cultivated on mine domes (spoils). The results presented in this paper refer to Tomato and Irish-potato, which are the most popular crops planted in that area in 2009-2016 respectively. Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence spectrometry(ED-XRFS) method was employed for the analysis of Cu, Fe, Zn, Ni, Pb, Cr and Mn. This study concluded that all those concentrations are well below threshold limit values accepted in Nigeria. No significant differences in Cu, Pb and Cr concentrations between the tested Tomato and Irish-potato were found. Zinc concentration in Potato was significantly lower than in Irish potato. Generally, the study concluded that plant samples were found to have major, minor and mostly trace elements’ concentrations below the safe values. However, Pb that has high concentration above the safe value (threshold limit) in Potato is advised not to be cultivated around mine domes, because of its health adverse effects on the inhabitants.
Mine, Domes, Concentrates, Trace Elements, Tomatoes, Irish Potatoes
To cite this article
Raymond Revelation Dakar, Umaru Umaru Nahabu, Adamu Yunusa Ugya, Tijjani Sabiu Imam, Effect of Trace Elements from Consumption of Crops Cultivated on Mine Domes (Spoils): A Case Study of Jos Plateau and Environs, Central Nigeria, International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2017, pp. 67-71. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpc.20170305.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Kabata-Pendias, H. (1999): Trace Elements in Soil and Plants, CRC Press, London, pg: 413.
Turner, P. (1994). The response of plants to heavy metals. In: Toxic metals in soil-plant system. Ross, M. (ed.), John Wiley & Sons Ltd., London, 153-182 pp.
Karczewskaa, K. (2002). Metale ciê¿kie w glebach zanieczyszczonych emisjami hut miedzi –formy i rozpuszczalnoœæ[Heavy metals in soils polluted by emissions from copper works – forms and solubility]. Zesz. Nauk. AR Wroc., 432: 159 ss. (in Polish).
Wilson, B. and Pyatt, F. B. (2007). Heavy metal dispersion, persistence and bioaccumulation around an ancient copper mine situated Anglesey, UK. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 66:224–231.
WHO (1992). Cadmium Environmental Health Criteria. World Health Organization, Geneva, p 134.
Steenland,K. and Boffetta, P. (2000). Lead and cancer in humans: where are we now? Am. J. Ind Med 38:295–299.
ATSDR (2008): Minimal Risk Level. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. www.atsdr.cdc.gov. accessed on 01/12/2008.
Maleki, Z., Zaresvand (2008). Heavy metals in selected edible vegetables and estimation of their daily intake in Sanandaj, Iran. Southeast Asian J. Trop Med Public Health 39(2):335–340.
Lokeshappa, B, Shivpuri K, Tripath V, and Dikshit, A. K. (2012). Assessment of Toxic Metals in Agricultural Product. Food Pub Health 2(1):24–29.
Sresty, T. V. S., Rao KVM. (1999). Ultra structural alternation in response to zinc and nickel stress in the root cells of pea. J Env Exp Bot 41:3–13.
Lacatusu, R., Rauta, C., Carstea, S. and Ghelase, I. (1996). Soil - plant relationships in heavy metal polluted areas in Romania. Appl Geochem 11:105–107.
Page, A. L. (1991): Methods of Soil Analysis. 2nd edition. Am. Soc. Agron. & Soil Sci. Am. Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Jarup, L. (2003). Hazards of Heavy Metal Contamination. Br. Med. Bull. 68:167–82.
Alloway, B. J. (1994): Heavy Metals in Soils. London, Blackie Academic and Professional. Pp: 368-400.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931