Toxicological Studies of Fruit Powder and Extracted Cake of Melia volkensii Guerke (Family: Meliaceae) on Maasai Goats in Kenya
International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 82-85
Received: May 28, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 8, 2017; Published: Nov. 15, 2017
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Wanzala Wycliffe, Department of Biological Sciences, School of Science and Information Sciences, Maasai Mara University, Narok, Kenya
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Goat supplement feeds prepared from a dried Melia volkensii (Mv) fruit powder, which is known to contain insecticidal activity and the residual cake obtained after extracting oil from the fruit powder with aqueous ethanol, to remove the insecticidal activity do not adversely affect the growth and performance of Maasai goats even after exposure to the feed for two months. The feed prepared from the residual Mv cake was found to be more acceptable and palatable to the goats compared to the Mv powder, which was unextracted. Goats fed on the Mv residual cake also showed better performance than the controls fed on the wheat bran supplement or the ones fed on Mv powder. It is concluded from this study that Mv dry fruit powder and Mv extracted residual cake could be used as safe ruminant feed supplements in rural areas where M. volkensii is prominently on medicinal common use traditionally. The results also indicated that Mv is non-toxic to this ruminant mammalian model, hence environmentally safe for human use as insecticide with respect to a wide range of ethnic-based traditional claims. However, more in-depth scientific studies are necessary to generate sufficient data under different environmental conditions for comparative analysis and henceforth, considerations.
Feed Supplement, Insecticide, Insect Growth Inhibitor, Maasai Goats, Melia volkensii
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Wanzala Wycliffe, Toxicological Studies of Fruit Powder and Extracted Cake of Melia volkensii Guerke (Family: Meliaceae) on Maasai Goats in Kenya, International Journal of Pharmacy and Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 82-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpc.20170306.13
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