High-voltage Pulse Generation Using Electrostatic Induction in Capacitor
International Journal of Electrical Components and Energy Conversion
Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 20-29
Received: Oct. 19, 2019; Accepted: Nov. 18, 2019; Published: Nov. 22, 2019
Views 555      Downloads 154
Taku Saiki, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Science, Kansai University, Suita, Japan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Pulse power sources can produce high temperature or high-density extreme conditions within a short time. They have been introduced to various fields such as those in laser, fusion research, the production of plasma, shockwaves in water, water treatment, and exhaust gas treatments. Various high voltage pulse sources using insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) semiconductors with high voltage resistivity have been used. Also, Marx bank circuit is well known as an instrument that produces voltage pulses with low repetitive rates. These instruments have several advantages. However, their problems are a complex structure, high cost, and excessive weight. A simple method of producing high voltage pulses with short rising times based on electrostatic induction in external capacitor used for pulse power applications is proposed. The circuit has a simple structure and contains a minimum number of parts, which makes the instrument small and light weight. In fact, the generation of sawtoothed high voltage pulses with short rising times and low repetitive rates of a few 100 Hz was successfully conducted in experiments. Theoretical analysis was simultaneously undertaken. The numerically calculated results for generating high voltage pulses were goodly consistent with the experimental ones. Moreover, it has been confirmed that amplification of the output voltage by electro-hydrodynamics (EHD) electricity generation using a jet flame resulted in higher voltage pulses, lower electricity consumption, and high repetition rates.
High Voltage Pulses, EHD Power Generation, Flame Jet, Electrostatic Induction
To cite this article
Taku Saiki, High-voltage Pulse Generation Using Electrostatic Induction in Capacitor, International Journal of Electrical Components and Energy Conversion. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2019, pp. 20-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ijecec.20190502.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
C. K. Patel, “Continuous-Wave Laser Action on Vibrational-Rotational Transitions of CO2”. Physical Review, 136 (5A) (1964) A1187.
M.K.Matzen, “Z Pinches as Intense X-ray Sources for High-energy Density Physics Applications”, Physics of Plasmas, 4 (1997) 1519.
H. Akiyama, S. Sakai, T. Sakugaw, and T. Namihira, “Environmental Applications of Repetitive Pulsed Power”, IEEE Trans. Dielectr. and Electr. Insulat., 14 (2007) 825.
B. Sun, M. Sato, “Use of a Pulsed High-voltage Discharge for Removal of Organic Compounds in Aqueous Solution”, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 32 (1999) 1908.
J. S. Clements, M. Sato, R. H. Davis, “Preliminary Investigation of Prebreakdown Phenomena and Chemical Reactions using a Pulsed High-voltage Discharge in Water”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 23 (1987) 224.
I. V. Lisitsyn, H. Nomiyama, S. Katsuki and H. Akiyama, “Thermal Processes in a Streamer Discharge in Water, ”IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insulat., 6 (3), (1999) 351.
M. Rezal, Dahaman Ishak, M. Sabri, “High Voltage Magnetic Pulse Generation using Capacitor Discharge Technique”, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 53 (2014) 803.
T. Shao, G. S. Sun, P. Yan, S. C. Zhang, “Breakdown Phenomena in Nitrogen due to Repetitive Nanosecond-pulse”, IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., 14 (2007) 813.
E. L. Neau, “Environmental and Industrial Applications of Pulsed Power Systems”, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 22 (1994) 2.
F. Fukawa, N. Shimomura, T. Yano, “Application of Nanosecond Pulse Power to Ozone Production by Streamer Corona”, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 36 (2008) 2592.
F. Yan, B. Lin, C. Zhu, Y. Zhou, X. Liu, C. Guo, Q. Zou, “Experimental Investigation on Anthracite Coal Fragmentation by High-voltage Electrical Pulses in the Air Condition: Effect of Breakdown Voltage”, Fuel, 183 (2016) 583.
S. Katsuki, H. Akiyama, A. Abou-Ghazala and K. H. Schoenbach, “Parallel Streamer Discharges Between Wire and Plane Electrodis in Water”, IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Inslat., 9 (2002) 498.
M. Sato, T. Tokutake, T. Ohshima and A. T. Sugiarto, ” Aqueous Phenol Decomposition by Pulsed Discharges on the Water Surface“, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 44, (2008) 1397.
H. Li, A. Lukanin, A. Tskhe, S. Sosnovskiy, “Multifunctional Generator of High-voltage Microsecond Pulses”, J. of Electrostatics, 90 (2017) 74.
T. Shao, et al., “Excitation of Atmospheric Pressure Uniform Dielectric Barrier Discharge using Repetitive Unipolar Nanosecond-pulse Generator”, IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., 16 (2010) 1830.
T. Shao, D. D. Zhang, Y. Yu, “A Compact Repetitive Unipolar Nanosecond-pulse Generator for Dielectric Barrier Discharge Application”, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 38 (2010) 1651.
K. Yan, E. J. M. van Heesch, A. J. M. Pemen, P. A. H. J. Huijbrechts, F. M. van Gompel, H. van Leuken, and Zdenek Matyáˇs, “A High-Voltage Pulse Generator for Corona Plasma Generation”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 38 (3) (2002) 866.
D. Wang, S. Okada, T. Matsumoto, T. Namihira and H. Akiyama, “Pulsed Discharge Induced by Nanosecond Pulsed Power in Atmospheric Air”, IEEE Plasma Sci., 38, (2010) 2746.
J.-D. Moon, “A Compact High-voltage Pulse Generator using a Rotary Airhole Sparkgap”, J. of Electrostatics, 65 (2007) 527.
R. A. Ford, Home Made Lightning, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2002.
T. Saiki, "Study on High Voltage Generation Using Flame Column and DC Power Supply", J. of Electrostatics, 70 (2012) 400.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186