Influence of Socio-economic Status on Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Pensioners in Port Harcourt, Rivers State
International Journal of Dental Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 11-15
Received: Jun. 18, 2017;
Accepted: Jul. 3, 2017;
Published: Sep. 12, 2017
Views 1967 Downloads 128
Braimoh Omoigberai Bashiru, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Alade Grace Oyenashia, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Background: Socio-economic status plays a role in influencing oral health and oral health related behaviors and problems. The objective of the present study was to determine the influence of educational status and retirement grade level on oral health knowledge attitude and behavior. Methods: The research was analytic descriptive survey in design. A total of 543 old people were selected by systematic random sampling. Data was collected with a self-developed Oral Health Assessment Questionnaire (OHAQ) designed in four sections (A-D) and analyzed using SPSS version 20 (IBM SPSS Armonk, New York). The relationship between variables was established using independent t-test and ANOVA, and significance determined at 0.05 alpha level. Results: Total of 119 (21.9%), 198 (36.5%) and 226 (41.6%) had primary, secondary and tertiary education respectively. The pensioners who retired on levels 1-6 were 277 (51%) and those who retired on levels 7-17 were 266 (49%). The level of education significant influenced oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior. Retirement grade level significantly influenced oral health behavior and non-significantly influenced oral health knowledge and attitude. Conclusion: The study found out that oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior increased significantly with increasing level of education. There was a significant increase in oral health behavior with increasing retirement grade level and a non-significant increase in oral health attitude and behavior.
Braimoh Omoigberai Bashiru,
Alade Grace Oyenashia,
Influence of Socio-economic Status on Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Pensioners in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, International Journal of Dental Medicine.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2017, pp. 11-15.
Sheiham A. Oral health, general health and quality of life. Bull World Health Org 2005; 83 (9): 644-51.
Sheiham A, Watt R. The common risk factor approach–a rational basis for promoting oral health. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2000; 28: 399–406.
Williams DM, Sheiham A, Watt RG. Oral health professionals and social determinants. Bri Dent J 2013; 214 (9): 427-33
Petersen PE. Global policy for improvement of oral health in the 21st century—implications to oral health research of World Health Assembly 2007, World Health Organization. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2009; 37 (1): 1-8.
Broadbent JM, Thomson WM, Poulton R. Oral health beliefs in adolescence and oral health in young adulthood. J Dent Res 2006; 85 (4): 339-43.
Aikins EA, &, Braimoh OB. Self-rated oral health status and associated factors in adult population in Port Harcourt Rivers State Nigeria. J Sci 2015; 5 (7): 505-10.
Kadaluru UG, Kempraj VM, Muddaiah P. Utilization of oral health care services among adults attending community outreach programs. Indian J Dent Res 2012; 23: 841–47.
Pavi E, Karampli E, Zavras D, Dardavesis T, & Kyriopoulos J. Social determinants of dental health services utilisation of Greek adults. Community Dent Health 2010;27: 145–50.
Manski, R., & Goldfarb M. Dental utilisation for older Americans aged 55-75. Gerodontol 1996; 13 (1): 49–55.
Manski, R. J., Moeller, J., Chen, H., St Clair, P. A., Schimmel, J., Magder, L., & Pepper, J. V. Dental care utilization and retirement. J Public Health Dent 2010:70 (1), 67–75.
Grants, A. D., & Stern, I. B. Periodontics in the tradition of Gottlieb and Orban. (6th ed.). St. Louis MO, CV Mosby Company. 1988.
Braimoh, O. B., Sofola, O. O., & Okeigbemen, S. A. Oral hygiene profile of inmates in a correctional home. Annals of Biomedical Sciences 2012; 11 (2): 36-43.
Al-Sharbatti S, Sadek M. Oral Health Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of the elderly in Ajman, UAE. Gulf Med J 2014; 3 (S2): S152-S64.
Horton JE, Sumnicht, RW. Relationship of educational levels to periodontal disease and oral hygiene with variables of age and geographic regions. J Periodontol 1967;38, 335-9.
Horton JE, Sumnicht RW. Relationship of educational levels to periodontal disease and oral hygiene: II. J Periodontol 1968;39, 333-5.
Horton JE, Zimmerman ER, Collings CK. The effect of toothbrushing frequency on periodontal measurements. J Periodontol 1969;40: 14-6.
Singh K, Kochhar S, Mittal V, Agrawal A, Chaudhary H, Anandani C. Oral health: knowledge, attitude and behavior among Indian population. Educ Res 2012; 3 (1): 66-71.
Burt BA, Eklund SA. Dentistry, Dental behavior and the community (6th ed.). Atlanta GA, Elsevier/Saunders. 2005.
United Nation Population Division. World population prospect: The 2002 revision. New York, United Nations. (2003).
Ogomaka PMC. Types of research. In A. J. Isangedighi and P. M. C. Ogomaka (Eds). Educational research method. Owerri, Totan Publishers Limited. 1992.
Lwanga SK, Lemeshow S. Sample size determination in Health studies: A Practical Manual. World Health Organisation, Geneva. 1991.
Esan TA, Oziegbe EO. Oral health status and treatment needs of elderly people in Ile-ife, Nigeria. East Afri J Pub Health 2013; 10 (3): 535-8.
Kumar R. A step by step for beginners. Research methodology (3rd ed.) New Delhi, SAGE. 2011.
Nwankwo OC. Practical guide to research writing 5th ed. Choba, Port Harcourt, University of Port Harcourt Press Limited. 2013.
Nwana BG. Introduction to educational research. Ibadan, Heinemann Educational Book Nigeria Limited. (1992).