Correlation of Sex and Remission of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia-L1 (ALL-L1) in Children
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 2, July 2015, Pages: 11-15
Received: Apr. 8, 2015; Accepted: May 25, 2015; Published: Jun. 8, 2015
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Authors
Trisna Silawati, Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Nadirah Rasyid Ridha, Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Dasril Daud, Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
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Abstract
Introduction: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) is a malignancy often found in children with peak incidence of 2-5 years. The symptoms and biological factors affect the ALL prognosis; age, leukocyte count, sex, nutritional state, ALL phenotype, CNS infiltration, chromosome abnormalities, and early response to chemotherapy. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the role of sex on the patient’s remission with ALL-L1. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted to determine the role of sex on the patient’s remission with ALL-L1. The study was conducted in the pediatric ward of Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo hospital in Makassar from March until November 2014. The cases were taken from the pediatric ward that met both the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data were taken from the patient’s medical records related to the study. Results: Revealed of 70 cases that met the criteria was consisted of 42 males and 28 females. Frequency of remission in male group was 41 (97.6%) and in female group was 27 (96.4%). The statistical analysis revealed that there was no significant difference between sex and remission, as it was shown by p = 0.643 (p>0.05). Conclusion: Sex did not have any effects on the frequency of remission in children with ALL-L1 in Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo hospital. The frequency of remission in male group was 97.6%, and in female group was 96.4%.
Keywords
Sex, Remission, ALL-L1, Child
To cite this article
Trisna Silawati, Nadirah Rasyid Ridha, Dasril Daud, Correlation of Sex and Remission of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia-L1 (ALL-L1) in Children, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2015, pp. 11-15. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcems.20150102.12
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