Factors Affecting Implementation of Nursing Process Among Nurses Working in Governmental Hospitals, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2016: Cross Sectional Study
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 28-34
Received: Apr. 8, 2020; Accepted: May 18, 2020; Published: Jun. 9, 2020
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Birhanu Alemu, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Assela, Ethiopia
Tolessa Kebede, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Assela, Ethiopia
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Background: Nursing process used in clinical practice worldwide to deliver quality individualized care to patients and lack of its application can reduce the quality of care. Nursing Process is a systematic problem-solving approach used to identify, prevent and treat actual or potential health problems and promote wellness. It has five steps- assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Applying nursing process requires understanding of factors affecting its implementation from the perspective of nurses. Nursing process implementation could be highly influenced by different factors that can lead to poor quality of nursing care, disorganization of the service, conflicting roles, medication error, poor diseases prognosis, readmission, dissatisfaction with the care provided, and increased mortality. These problems are manageable if a nurse can properly implement nursing process. Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess factors affecting implementation of nursing process among nurses in governmental hospitals of Arsi Zone. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was used to conduct on governmental hospitals in Arsi Zone from December- June 2016. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. All governmental hospitals in Arsi Zone was used since they were convenient for the study. Numbers of the participants were small, so all those who full fill inclusion criteria were participant in the study. Tools were given to nurse out of the study to check for its validity and adjustment was made according to the feedback obtained before actual data collection. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaire and in-depth interview. Data was analyzed using SPSS 21.0 version. Result: Findings revealed that organizational factors have the highest predictive value in the use of nursing process, followed by practice related factors. Conclusion and Recommendation: The result concluded that the organizational factors have the most important influence on the use of nursing process. It is recommended that the organization should fulfill needed materials which are necessary to provide nursing care. This will enhance nurses’ ability to use nursing process to improve the quality of patient’s care.
Nursing Process, Nurses, Factors
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Birhanu Alemu, Tolessa Kebede, Factors Affecting Implementation of Nursing Process Among Nurses Working in Governmental Hospitals, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2016: Cross Sectional Study, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 28-34. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcems.20200603.11
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