Epidemiological Description of Chikungunya Virus Outbreak in Dire Dawa Administrative City, Western Ethiopia, 2019
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 41-45
Received: May 11, 2020; Accepted: May 28, 2020; Published: Jun. 28, 2020
Views 184      Downloads 56
Authors
Dessalegn Geleta, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Neammin Tesfaye, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Habtamu Ayigegn, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. It is one of the epidemic vector-borne diseases which has recently re-emerged, mainly in Asian and African continents and has led to a significant global public health problem in these countries. In Ethiopia the Chikungunia outbreak was reported from Dire Dawa Administrative City on July 2019. Therefore this paper is to document and highlight the epidemiology of chikungunia outbreak in Dire Dawa Administrative City. The Data was analyzed from line list collected by Regional Health Bureau from different public and private health sectors during the course of the outbreak, July 29, 2019 to October 20, 2019. Accordingly, the total of 41162 suspected cases of Chikungunia with 16 laboratory confirmed cases were reported from the City Administration. All of the suspected cases fulfill the standard case definition of Chikungunya. The outbreak starts at one kebeles and finally affected whole part of the city. The median age of the patient is 25 years. The overall attack rate of the outbreak was 12.3% with zero case fatality rate. The outbreak affected all age groups and both sexes. However, females are more affected than males with an attack rate of 12.32% and 6.19% for female and male respectively. Higher attack rate was reported from 15 to 44 age group (AR=50.35%). Fever (99.9%), headache (99.4%), joint pain (99.3%) and back pain (87.7%) are the major clinical symptoms observed during the outbreak.
Keywords
Chikungunya, Outbreak, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Dessalegn Geleta, Neammin Tesfaye, Habtamu Ayigegn, Epidemiological Description of Chikungunya Virus Outbreak in Dire Dawa Administrative City, Western Ethiopia, 2019, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 41-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcems.20200603.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Robinson MC. An epidemic of virus disease in Southern Province, Tanganyika Territory, in 1952–53. I. Clinical features. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1955; 49 (1): 28-32.
[2]
De Lamballerie X, Leroy E, Charrel RN, Ttsetsarkin K, Higgs S, et al. (2008) Chikungunya virus adapts to tiger mosquito via evolutionary convergence: a sign of things to come? Virol J 5: 33.
[3]
Jupp PG, McIntosh BM (1988) Chikungunya virus disease. In: Monath TP (Ed.), The arbovirus: epidemiology and ecology. CRC Press, Inc, Boca Raton, FL, 2: 137-157.
[4]
Powers AM, Logue CH (2007) Changing patterns of chikungunya virus: reemergence of a zoonotic arbovirus. J Gen Virol 88: 2363-2377.
[5]
Jupp PG, McIntosh BM (1990) Aedes furcifer and other mosquitoes as vectors of chikungunya virus at Mica, northeastern Transvaal, South Africa. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 6: 415-420.
[6]
Word Health Organization (WHO). Chikungunya. Fact sheet. Updated April 2017. 2017 [updated 2019 Mai 15; cited 2019 Mai 15]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs327/en/.
[7]
Diallo M, Thonnon J, Traore-Lamizana M, Fontenille D. Vectors of chikungunya virus in Senegal: current data and transmission cycles. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1999; 60: 281–86.
[8]
Mohan A (2006) Chikungunya fever: clinical manifestations & management. Indian J Med Res 124: 471-474.
[9]
WHO. Guidelines for prevention and control of chikungunya fever. http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Publication_SEA-CD-182.pdf (accessed Aug 01, 2011).
[10]
Burt FJ, Rolph MS, Rulli NE, Mahalingam S, Heise MT. Chikungunya: a re-emerging virus. Lancet (London, England). 2012 Feb; 379 (9816): 662-671. DOI: 10.1016/s0140-6736(11)60281-x.
[11]
AHMED YM & SALAH AA 2016. Epidemiology of dengue fever in Ethiopian Somali region: retrospective health facility based study. Cent Afr J Public Health; 2: 51-56.
[12]
Woyessa Ab, Mengesha M, Kassa W, K. E., Wondabeku M & Girmay A 2013. Tefrst acute febrile illness investigation associated with dengue fever in Ethiopia,: a descriptive analysis. Ethiop J Health Dev 2014; 28: 155-161.
[13]
Degife lh, worku y, belay d, bekele a, hailemariam z. Factors associated with dengue fever outbreak in dire dawa administration city, october, 2015, ethiopia - case control study. 2019; 1–7.
[14]
bitstream/handle/10665/275741/OEW44-271002112018.pdf. WHO 2019. World Health Organization (WHO). Weekly Bulletin on Outbreaks and other Emergencies. Week 38: 16-22 september 22 September 2019.
[15]
Simião, Adriana Rocha et al. “A major chikungunya epidemic with high mortality in northeastern Brazil.” Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 52 (2019): e20190266.
[16]
Thabet AAK, Al-Eryani SMA, Aziz NA, Obadi M, Saleh M, et al. (2013) Epidemiological Characterization of Chikungunya Outbreak in Lahj Governorate, Southern Yemen. J Community Med Health Educ 3: 247. doi: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000247.
[17]
Cunha RVD, Trinta KS. Chikungunya virus: clinical aspects and treatment – A Review. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2017; 112 (8): 523–531. doi: 10.1590/0074-02760170044.
[18]
Simon F, Javelle E, Oliver M, Leparc-Goffart I, Marimoutou C (2011) Chikungunya virus infection. Curr Infect Dis Rep 13: 218-228.
[19]
Sow A, Faye O, Diallo M, et al. Chikungunya Outbreak in Kedougou, Southeastern Senegal in 2009-2010. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2017; 5 (1): ofx259. Published 2017 Dec 2. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofx259.
[20]
Borgherini G, et al. Outbreak of chikungunya on Reunion Island: early clinical and laboratory features in 157 adult patients. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007; 44: 1401–1407.
[21]
Taubitz W, et al. Chikungunya fever in travellers: Clinical presentations and course. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007; 45: e1–4.
[22]
Kennedy AC, Fleming J, Solomon L. Chikungunya viral arthropathy: a clinical description. Journal of Rheumatology 1980; 7: 231–236.
[23]
Beltrame A, et al. Imported Chkungunya infection, Italy. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2007; 13: 1264–1266.
[24]
Josseran L, Paquet C, Zehgnoun A, Caillere N, Le Tertre A, et al. (2006) Chikungunya disease outbreak, Reunion Island. Emerg Infect Dis 12: 1994- 1995.
[25]
Martins HAL, Bernardino SN, Ribas KH, Santos CC, Antunes T, et al. (2016) Outbreak of Neuro-Chikungunya in Northeastern Brazil. J Neuroinfect Dis 7: 218. doi: 10.4172/2314-7326.1000218.
[26]
Rodriguez-Morales AJ, Gil-Restrepo AF, Ramírez-Jaramillo V, Montoya-Arias CP, Acevedo Mendoza WF, Bedoya-Arias JE, et al. Post-chikungunya chronic inflammatory rheumatism: results from a retrospective follow-up study of 283 adult and child cases in La Virginia, Risaralda, Colombia. F1000Research. 2016; 5: 360.
[27]
Economopoulou, A., Dominguez, M., Helynck, B., Sissoko, D., Wichmann, O., Quenel, P., Germonneau, P. And Quatresous, I. (2009) “Atypical Chikungunya virus infections: clinical manifestations, mortality and risk factors for severe disease during the 2005–2006 outbreak on Réunion,” Epidemiology and Infection. Cambridge University Press, 137 (4), pp. 534–541. doi: 10.1017/S0950268808001167.
[28]
Quatresous I (2006) E-alert 27 January: Chikungunya outbreak in Reunion, a French overseas department. Euro Surveill 11: E060202.1.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186