The Role of Motivation and Attitudes in Improving Saudi EFL Students’ Speaking Skill
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and Translation
Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2019, Pages: 26-35
Received: Jan. 21, 2019;
Accepted: Mar. 18, 2019;
Published: Jul. 30, 2019
Views 76 Downloads 15
Ameerah Adlan Ghazi Alshamrany, College of Languages and Translation, AL-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
This study investigated the role of motivation and attitudes in improving Saudi EFL students’ speaking skill. The purpose of the study was to identify the correlation between motivation, attitudes, and the speaking ability of Saudi EFL students and to raise the learners’ awareness of the importance of these psychological factors. The study explored whether the level of motivation and favorable attitudes correlate with the speaking proficiency levels. The Attitude Motivation Test Battery (AMTB) questionnaire and structured interviews were the main instruments of the study. The sample of the study consisted of 50 randomly selected female students majoring in English at Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU). The results showed that there was a positive significant correlation between motivation and attitudes, and the speaking proficiency of Saudi EFL students. Based on the results, the researcher presented a number of recommendations for further research.
Ameerah Adlan Ghazi Alshamrany,
The Role of Motivation and Attitudes in Improving Saudi EFL Students’ Speaking Skill, International Journal of Applied Linguistics and Translation.
Vol. 5, No. 2,
2019, pp. 26-35.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Alfawzan, M. M. (2012). Saudi students' attitudes towards the utility of English and their willingness to learn it (Master’s thesis). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database. (Order No. 1514193). Available from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1027922783?accountid=142908.
Alzayid, A. A. (2012). The role of motivation in the L2 acquisition of English by Saudi students: A dynamic perspective (Master’s thesis). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database. (Order No. 1533574). Available from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1313216650?accountid=142908.
Attitude. (n. d). BusinessDictionary online dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/attitude.html.
Balghaith, N. (2011). Motivation and Attitudes among Private Secondary School Female Students: Insight from the Saudi Context (Master’s thesis). Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University.
Bernaus, M. (1993). The role of motivation in the learning of English as a foreign language. Bells: Barcellona English language and literature studies, 6, 0011-21.
Brown, H. (2007). Principles of language learning and teaching (5th ed). NY: Pearson Education.
Dörnyei, Z. & Ottó, I. (1998). Motivation in action: A process model of L2 motivation. Working Papers in Applied Linguistics, 4, 43-69. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/98002.pdf.
Dörnyei, Z., & Ushioda, E. (2011). Teaching and researching motivation (2nd ed). Great Britain: Pearson Education Limited.
Ellis, R. (2012). Language teaching research and language pedagogy. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell.
Gardner, R. (1985b). The Attitude/Motivation Test Battery: Technical report. Retrieved from http://publish.uwo.ca/~gardner/docs/AMTBmanual.pdf.
Gardner, R. (2004). Attitude/Motivation Test Battery: International AMTB research project. [English version]. Canada: The University of Western Ontario. Retrieved from http://hyxy.nankai.edu.cn/jingpinke/buchongyuedu/Motivation%20measurement-AMTB.pdf.
Graham, S. & Weiner, B. (1996). Theories and principles of motivation. In Berliner, David C. (Ed), Handbook of educational Psychology (pp. 63-81). New York, NY: Routledge. Available from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bernard_Weiner/publication/233896258_Theories_and_principles_of_motivation/links/54417a600cf2a6a049a58a7c.pdf.
Hughes, A. (2003). Testing for language teachers (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kachoub, B. (2010). The relationship of L2 attitudes to L3 attitudes and learning: A study of Moroccan University students (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/rws_etd/document/get/ohiou1275666405/inline.
Liu, Y. (2014). Motivation and attitude: Two important non-intelligence factors to arouse students’ potentialities in learning English. Creative Education, 05 (14), 1249-1253. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2014.514140.
Torky, S. (2006). The effectiveness of a task- based instruction program in developing the English language speaking skills of secondary stage students (Doctoral thesis). Ain Shams University. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED523922.pdf.
Watson, J. (1913). Psychology as the behaviorist views it. Psychological Review, 20 (2), 158-177. Available from http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0074428.
Yang, X. (2016). Attitude and motivation in L2 learning among UM master students. International Journal of Management and sustainability, 1 (1), 13. Retrieved from http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache: http://www.aessweb.com/pdf-files/ijms%20pp. 13-22.pdf.
Zainol Abidin, M., J., Pour-Mohammadi, M., & Alzwari, H. (2012). EFL Students’ Attitudes towards Learning English Language: The Case of Libyan Secondary School Students. Asian Social Science ASS, 8(2), 119. Available from http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ass.v8n2p119.