Evaluation of the Variations of Some Traits Among Entries Genotypes of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Their Relationship with Grain Yield
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2015, Pages: 79-83
Received: Jul. 17, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 4, 2015; Published: Aug. 5, 2015
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Authors
Salih Hadi Farhood Al-salim, Ministry of Agriculture, Directorate of Agriculture, Dhi-Qar, AL-Nassiriya, Iraq
Reem Al-edelbi, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Damascus, Damascus, Syria
Hassin kassar, Ministry of Agriculture, Al-Moradia Research Station, AL-Hilla, Iraq
Hayder Najm Abed, Ministry of Agriculture, National Program of Wheat Development in Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq
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Abstract
A field experiment was carried out in Iraq , during the season 2013-2014, in order to evaluate the performance of different ten genotypes of bread wheat in irrigated field conditions, according to the design of randomized complete block in three replications. The results indicated the existence of genetic variability, in a significant manner (at the level 5%), in the response of the studied genotypes to the conditions of the field for all of the traits such as plant height (cm), number of tillers per plant, number of spikes per unit area, spike length (cm), weight of spikes per stem and thousand grains weight (g). Both Egyptian and American genotypes gave the highest grain yield which reached to 4.84, 4.66 tons hectare -1 respectively. While both genotypes Apa-99 and Synthetic-10 gave less grain yield 2.62, 2.60 tons hectare -1 respectively. The study showed the importance of the number of grains per spike and the thousand grains weight due to their positive and high significant correlation with the grain yield, so it can be used as indicators of suitable selection for the development of high- yielding genotypes.
Keywords
Bread Wheat, Genotypes, Correlation, Grain Yield
To cite this article
Salih Hadi Farhood Al-salim, Reem Al-edelbi, Hassin kassar, Hayder Najm Abed, Evaluation of the Variations of Some Traits Among Entries Genotypes of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Their Relationship with Grain Yield, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2015, pp. 79-83. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20150103.16
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