Evaluation of the Variations of Some Traits Among Entries Genotypes of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Their Relationship with Grain Yield
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2015, Pages: 79-83
Received: Jul. 17, 2015;
Accepted: Aug. 4, 2015;
Published: Aug. 5, 2015
Views 4511 Downloads 126
Salih Hadi Farhood Al-salim, Ministry of Agriculture, Directorate of Agriculture, Dhi-Qar, AL-Nassiriya, Iraq
Reem Al-edelbi, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Damascus, Damascus, Syria
Hassin kassar, Ministry of Agriculture, Al-Moradia Research Station, AL-Hilla, Iraq
Hayder Najm Abed, Ministry of Agriculture, National Program of Wheat Development in Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq
A field experiment was carried out in Iraq , during the season 2013-2014, in order to evaluate the performance of different ten genotypes of bread wheat in irrigated field conditions, according to the design of randomized complete block in three replications. The results indicated the existence of genetic variability, in a significant manner (at the level 5%), in the response of the studied genotypes to the conditions of the field for all of the traits such as plant height (cm), number of tillers per plant, number of spikes per unit area, spike length (cm), weight of spikes per stem and thousand grains weight (g). Both Egyptian and American genotypes gave the highest grain yield which reached to 4.84, 4.66 tons hectare -1 respectively. While both genotypes Apa-99 and Synthetic-10 gave less grain yield 2.62, 2.60 tons hectare -1 respectively. The study showed the importance of the number of grains per spike and the thousand grains weight due to their positive and high significant correlation with the grain yield, so it can be used as indicators of suitable selection for the development of high- yielding genotypes.
Salih Hadi Farhood Al-salim,
Hayder Najm Abed,
Evaluation of the Variations of Some Traits Among Entries Genotypes of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Their Relationship with Grain Yield, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences.
Vol. 1, No. 3,
2015, pp. 79-83.
Ali Y., Atta B.M., Akhter J., Monneveux P., Lateef Z. 2008. Genetic variability, association and diversity studies in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germaplasm. Pak.J.Bot.40 (5):2087-2097.
Ali M.A, Abbas A., Awan S.I., Jabran K., Gardezi S.D.A. 2011. Correlated response of various morpho-physiological characters with grain yield in sorghum landraces at different growth phases. J Animal Plant Sci 21(4):671-679.
Aliu S. and Fetahu S. 2010. Determination on genetic variation for morphological traits and yield components of new winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) lines. Not. Sci. Biol. 2, 121–124.
Akcura M. 2011. The relationships of some traits in Turkish winter bread wheat landraces. Turk. J. Agric. Forest. 35, 115–125.
Ashfaq M., Salamkhan A., Zulfiqar A. 2003. Association of morphological traits with grain yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Inter. J. of Agri. & Biol. 5(3): 262–264.
Atkinson M., Kettlewell P.S., Poulton P.R., Hollings P.D. 2008. Grain quality in the Broadbalk wheat experi-ment and the winter North Atlantic oscillation. J. Agric. Sci. 146, 541–549.
Babak B., Ahmad B. 2015. Yield and yield components in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under non-stress and drought stress conditions. Int. J. Biosci. Vol. 6, No. 3, p. 338-348,
Dagustu N. 2008. Genetic analysis of grain yield per spike and some agronomic traits in diallel crosses of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Turk J Agric For 32:249-258
De-Vita P., Nicosia O.L.D., Nigro F., Platani C. 2007. Breeding progress in morpho-physiological, agronomical and qualitative traits of durum wheat cultivars released in Italy during the 20th century. Eur. J. Agron. 26: 39-53.
El Ameen T., Hossain A. and Teixeira da Silva J. A. 2013. Genetic
analysis and selection for bread wheat yield and agronomic traits under drought condition. International J. Plant Breeding. 7 (1): 61-68.
FAO, 2011. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available online at: http://faostat.fao.org
Farzaneh P-Maragheh. 2013 . Investigate the relationship and path coefficient analysis between yield and its components in the number of winter wheat genotypes in the cold region of Ardabil. European Journal of Zoological Research, 2013, 2 (4):82-88 ISSN: 2278–7356.
Fischer R.A. 1985. Number of kernels in wheat crops and the influence of solar radiation and temperature. J Agric Sci 105:447-461.
Gulmezoglu N., Alpu O., Ozer E. 2010. Comparative performance of triticale and wheat grains by path analysis. Bulgar J Agric Sci 16 (4):443-453.
Harlan J.R. 1998. Distributions of agricultural origins: A global perspective. Pages 1-2 in Origins of Agriculture and Crop Domestication. (A.B. Damania, J. Valkoun, G. Willcox, and C.O. Qualset, eds.), ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria
Hawkes J.G. 1977. The importance of wild germplasm in plant breeding. Euphytica, 26: 615-621.
Khan M.H. and A.N. Dar. 2010. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of some quantitative traits in wheat. African Crop Sci. J. 18(1): 9-14
Khayatnezhad M., Zaefizadeh M., Gholamin R., jamaati-e- Somarin S., Zabihi-e-Mahmoodabad R. 2010. Study of morphological traits of wheat cultivars through factor analysis. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 9 (5): 460-464.
Korkut K.Z., Baser I. and Bilgin O. 2001. Genotypic and phenotypic variability, heritability and phenotypic correlation for yield and yield components in bread wheat varieties. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 49(3): 237-242.
Mahmood Q., Lei W.D., Qureshi A.S., Khan M.R., Mayat I., Iilani G., Khan M.D. 2006. Heterosis correlation and path analysis of morphological and biochemical chatacters in wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Emp. Thell). Agric. J. 1(3), 180–185.
Mohammadi M., Sharifi P., Karimizadeh R., Kazem M., Shefazadeh M.K. 2012. Relationships between grain yield and yield components in bread wheat under different water availability (dry land and supplemental irrigation conditions). Not. Bot. Hortic. Agro botany 40(1), 195-200.
Mollasadeghi V., Elyasi S., Mirzamasoumzadeh B. 2012. Genetic variation of 12 bread wheat genotypes based on number of phonological and morphological traits. Ann. Biol. Res. 3, 4734–4740.
Rosegrant M.W. and Agcaoili M. 2010. Global food demand, supply, and price prospects to 2010. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C. USA
Shamsi K., petrosyan M., Noor-mohammadi G., Haghparast A., Kobraee S., Rasekhi B. 2011. Differential agronomic responses of bread wheat cultivars to drought stress in the west of Iran. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 10(14): 2708-2715.
Tian J.C.,Dend Z.Y.,Hu R.B., Wang Y.X. 2012. Yield components of super wheat cultivars with different types and the path coefficient analysis on grain yield.Acta Agron . Sin,(11):1699-1705.
Wang Z.M., Wei A.L., Zheng D.M. 2001. Photosynthetic characteristic of non leaf organs of winter wheat cultivar differing in ear type and their relationship with grain mass per ear. Photosynthetica. 39: 239-244.