Determination of the Elements of Soil Water Balance for Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Under Shallow Water Table
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2015, Pages: 84-90
Received: Aug. 24, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 6, 2015; Published: Sep. 14, 2015
Views 3400      Downloads 46
Authors
Salloom B. Salim, Department of Soil Sciences and Water Resources, College of Agriculture, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
Luma S. Khudhair, Extension Specialists, Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad, Iraq
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
To determine the elements of soil water balance equation during the growing season detailed description for calculating daily contribution rates to evapotranspiration of wheat (ET) from applied irrigation water (ETr) and upward flux capillarity (ETc), depth of applied irrigation water (DAIW), change in water storage (Λs) and cumulative evapotranspiration (ETcum) were algorithmed in this study. Irrigation water was applied to three different depths 30, 30-60 and 60 cm at three different depletion rates 50, 70 and 90% from plant available water. Wheat ET ranged from 428.49 to 522.12 mm. Contributions to ET from applied irrigation water ranged from 334.20 to 496.50 mm and increased with increasing irrigation depth. Contributions to ET from upward flux capillarity ranged from 25.61 to 96.59 mm and decreased with increasing irrigation depth. Contributions to ET from applied irrigation water decreased with increasing depletion rate whilst contributions to ET from upward flux capillarity increased with increasing depletion rates. Daily rate contribution to evapotranspiration from irrigation water ranged from 2.15 to 3.20 mm.d-1 and from capillary flux ranged from 0.16 to 0.61 mm.d-1.
Keywords
Shallow Water Table, Water Balance, Depletion Rate, Capillary Flux, Cumulative Evapotranspiration
To cite this article
Salloom B. Salim, Luma S. Khudhair, Determination of the Elements of Soil Water Balance for Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Under Shallow Water Table, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2015, pp. 84-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20150103.17
References
[1]
Al-shahrabli. Q. 2009. Surface Water Resources in Iraq: Current and Future Scenarios. Iraqi Soil Salinity and Water Management Conference. July 15th- 17th 2009, Alrashid Hotel. Baghdad, Iraq.
[2]
Brown, I., Dunn, S., Matthews, K., Poggio, L., Sample, J. and Miller, D. 2012. Mapping of water supply-demand deficits with climate change in Scotland: land use implications, CREW report 2011/CRW006. Available online at: www.crew.ac.uk/publications/water-supply-demand-balance-and-climate-change.
[3]
Eiasu, B. K., J.M. Steyn and P. Soundy. 2006. Rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium capitatum × P. radens) growth and essential oil yield response to different soil water depletion regimes. Agricultural Water Management, 96(6): 991-1000. Hanks, R. J. and G. L. Ashcroft. 1980. Applied Soil Physics. Advanced series in Agricultural Sciences8. Sprinkler-Verlag. Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo.
[4]
Jalota, S. K., A. Sood, G.B.S. Chahal and B.U. Choudhury. 2006. Crop water productivity of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)–wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) system as influenced by deficit irrigation, soil texture and precipitation . Agricultural Water Management, 84(2): 137-146.
[5]
Joshi, B. 1997. Estimation of diffuse vadose zone soil-water flux in a semi- arid region. PhD thesis, Department of Agriculture and Bioresources Engineering . University of Saskatchewan, Canada.
[6]
Khalil, M., M. Sakai, M. Mizoguchi and T. Miyazaki. 2003. Current and Prospective Applications of Zero Flux Plane (ZFP) Method. J. Jpn. Soc. Soil Phys. J. Jpn . Soc. Soil Phys. 95: 75-90.
[7]
Leib, B.G., M. Hattendorf, T. Elliott and G. Matthews. 2002. Adoption and adaptation of scientific irrigation scheduling: trends from Washington, USA as of 1998. Agricultural Water Management 55: 105-120.
[8]
Moiwo J. P., F. Tao and W. lub. 2011. Estimating soil moisture storage change using quasi-terrestrial water. Agriculture Water management. 102(1)25-34.
[9]
Odhiambo, J. J. O. and A.A. Bomke. 2007. implications for cover crop management in south coastal British Columbia Agricultural Water Management, Volume 88, Issues 1–3, 16 March 2007, Pages 92-98 OJuana Paul Moiwo J. P.and, F.Tao and W. Lu. 2011. Estimating soil moisture storage change using quasi-terrestrialwater balance method. Agricultural Water Management 102(1): 25-34.
[10]
Owonubi , J. J. and S. Abduimumin. 1991. Review of soil water balance studies in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Nigeria. Proceedings of the Niamey Workshop, February 1991 . IAHS 1991.
[11]
Quality 40:1652-1660.
[12]
Richards, L.A. 1931. Capillary conduction of liquids through porous mediums. Physics 1(5):318-333.
[13]
Saini, B. C. and B.P. Ghildyal. 1977. Seasonal water use by winter wheat grown under shallow water table conditions Original Research Article Agricultural Water Management, Volume 1, Issue 3, November 1977, Pages 263-276.
[14]
Saleh, D.K. 2010, Stream gage descriptions and stream flow statistics for sites in the Tigris River and Euphrates River Basins, Iraq: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 540, 146 p.
[15]
Salim S. B. and T. L. Rasheed. 2013. Water balance in cultivated and uncultivated soil. J. Sci. Tecnology. 4(3):85-93.
[16]
Strauss , C., T. Harter and M. Radke. 2011. Effects of pH and Manure on Transport of Sulfonamide Antibiotics in Soil. Journal of Environmental Quality 40:1652-1660.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186