Effect of Salt Stress on Some Growth Indicators and Cellular Components of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Callus
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2015, Pages: 91-94
Received: Aug. 1, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 18, 2015; Published: Sep. 24, 2015
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Authors
Helmee Hamed Khuder, Department of Field Crops, College of Agriculture, AL-Qasim Green University, Babylon, Iraq
Yusra Ismail Hussein AL-Taei, Department of Field Crops, College of Agriculture, AL-Qasim Green University, Babylon, Iraq
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Abstract
The experiment was conducted to study the effect of sodium chloride (NaCl) at the concentrations of 0.0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% on the callus cells. The Iraq wheat variety was grown in vitro for the purpose of knowing the effect of salt stress on some indicators and cellular components of callus by using a randomized complete design, at the laboratories of tissue culture propagation date palm unit in the College of Agriculture / University of Kufa during the period 2014-2015. Fresh and dry weight, the rate of absolute growth, percentage of dry matter of callus, content of the callus cells of proline, total soluble carbohydrates, sodium and potassium ions, effectiveness of the enzymes catalase and peroxidase study shock salt proteins in callus were determined as indicators of the effect of NaCl on the callus culture cells in the above salty medium and the results can be summarized, to control treatment achieved the highest average of (fresh callus weight, dry callus weight, the absolute growth rate of potassium ion), which was (0.0805 g, 6.13 mg, 3.147 mg / day and 1.125%) respectively, while the conc. 1.5% NaCl gave highest average in callus content of (proline, total soluble carbohydrates, sodium ion, the effectiveness of Catalase and Peroxidase enzyme and Salt shock proteins), which (0.134 mg / g, 2.9527 mg / g, 0.1050%, 0.1510 Micromol / protein / min, 0.1127 Micromol / protein / min and the emergence of small molecular weights), respectively.
Keywords
Salt Shock Proteins, Antioxidant Enzymes, Salt Stress, Triticum aestivum L.
To cite this article
Helmee Hamed Khuder, Yusra Ismail Hussein AL-Taei, Effect of Salt Stress on Some Growth Indicators and Cellular Components of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Callus, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2015, pp. 91-94. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20150104.11
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