International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 64-68
Received: May 31, 2016;
Accepted: Jun. 6, 2016;
Published: Jun. 20, 2016
Views 2939 Downloads 77
Ali Mohammed Oleiwi, Directorate of Horticulture, Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad, Iraq
Medhat Mejeed Elsahookie, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Dept. of Crop Sciences, Baghdad, Iraq
Layla Ismail Mohammed, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Dept. of Crop Sciences, Baghdad, Iraq
To determine the influence of selection on castor bean plants tolerance to saline sodic soil, three planting methods were used; in the bottom of furrow, at the side of furrow, and in rows of plots. The soil was saline sodic (pH > 8.4, SAR < 13, Ec < 4 dS/m), the cultivar of castor bean was Hindi 21. The experiments were conducted in 2010 and 2011 on the farm of Field Crops, Coll. of Agric., Univ. of Baghdad. At maturity, selected plants of those gave higher seed yield were harvested from each treatment. Selection pressure used on plant populations was 10%. In the second year, seeds from each of the three treatments with the control were planted on the same field with 53 and 89 thousand plants/ha. The design used was a factorial with RCBD of three replicates. The results revealed that selected plants from row planting out yielded the other three treatments in seed yield/plant, seed no./plant, seed weight and harvest index. The values were 61 g, 251 seeds, 0.25 g, and 9.9%, respectively. The lower planting density gave higher plant seed yield, seed no./plant and harvest index (55.6 g, 281 seeds, 8.0%). It was concluded that selection on individual plants from planting in rows was effective to create a new variation in castor bean tolerance to saline sodic soil. The higher percent of heritability was in total dry matter (98.9%), crop growth rate (98.4%), and plant seed yield (96.8%). That was indicating that genetic variance has the significant influence in phenotypic variance.
Ali Mohammed Oleiwi,
Medhat Mejeed Elsahookie,
Layla Ismail Mohammed,
Performance of Castor Bean Selects In Saline Sodic Soil, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 4,
2016, pp. 64-68.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Elsahookie, M. M. 2013. Breeding Crops for Abiotic Stress: A Molecular Approach and Epigenetic. Coll. of Agric., Univ. of Baghdad.pp. 244.
Kamel, L., I. Kande, B. A. El. Ahmer, and S. I. Elmohandes. 1985. Effect of nitrogen level and plant population on sunflower. Anns. of Agric. Sci., Moshtohor 23:(2) 502-511.
Lima, G. S., R. G. Nobre, H. R. Gheyi, L. A. A. Soares and E. M. Silva. 2015. Irrigation water salinity and nitrogen doses affect the cultivation of castor bean (Ricinus communus L.) at different phonological stages. Australian J. of Crop Sci. 9(9): 870-878.
Jeschke, W. D. and O. Wolf. 1988. Effect of NaCl salinity on growth, development, ion distribution and ion translocation in castor bean (Ricinus communis L.). J. of Plant Physiology. 132(1): 45-53.
Khan, A., S. Rao, and T. McNeilly. 2003. Assessment of salinity tolerance based upon seedling root growth response function in maize. Euphytica. 131: 81-89.
Gautam, R.C., and K.C. Sharma. 1987. Dry matter accumulation under different planting schemes and plant densities of rice. Indian J. Agric. Res. 21(2): 101-109.
Janmohammed, M., A. Abbasi and N. Sabaghnia. 2012. Influence of NaCl treatments on growth and biochemical parameters of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.). Acta Agriculturae Slovenica. 99(1): 31-40.
Li, G., H. Zhang, X. Wu, C. Shi, X. Huang and A. Qin. 2011. Canopy reflectance in two castor been varieties (Ricinus communus L.) for growth assessment and yield prediction on coastal saline land of Yancheng district, China. Industrial Crops and Products. 33: 395-402.journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/indcrop.
Rezek, T. Y, and H. A. Ali. 1982. Oil and Sugar Crops. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Iraq. pp. 592.
Singh, R.K., and Chaudhary. 1985. Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, Ludhiana. pp. 318.
Dimova, R. and D. Dekov. 1990. Field Crops of Tropic and Semitropic Areas. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Iraq. Translated by K. I. M. Ali.pp.432.
Khan, M. H. and S. K. Panda. 2008. Alterations in root lipid peroxidation and antioxidative responses in two rice cultivars under NaCl-salinity stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. 30: 250-255.
Parida, A. K. and A. B. Das. 2005. Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety.60-324-349.
Aziz, F. O. 2008. Breeding Sunflower, Sorghum, and Maize by Hoeycomb. Ph. D. Dissertation, Dept. of Field Crop Sci., College of Agric., Univ. of Baghdad, pp. 90.
Flowers, T.J. 2004. Improving crop salt tolerance. J. Exp. Bot. 55: 307-319.
Ashraf, M. and P. J. C. Harris. 2004. Potential biochemical indicators of salinity tolerance in plants. Plant Sci. 166: 3-16.
Preetha, S. and T. S. Raveendran. 2007. Genetic variability and association analysis in three different morphological groups of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 6(1): 122-128.
Soomro, Z. A., M. B. Kumbhar, A. S. Larik, M. Imran and S. A. Brohi. 2010. Heritability and selection response in segregating generations of upland cotton. Pakistan J. Agric. Res. 23(1-2): 25-30.
Elsahookie, M. M. and M. I. Al-Khafajy. 2014. Mechanism of plant salinity stress tolerance. The Iraqi. J. Agric. Sci. 45(5): 430-438.
Salisbury, F.B. 1996.Units, Symbols, and Terminology for Plant Physiology. New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press. pp. 234.