Cytotoxic and Phytotoxic Activities of Reinwardtia trigyna (ROXB.)
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 32-36
Received: Feb. 12, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 20, 2017; Published: Mar. 17, 2017
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Authors
Saima , Department of Botany University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan
Shafqat Ali Khan, Department of Botany University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan
Muhammad Ibrar, Department of Botany University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan
Barkatullah , Department of Botany Islamia College University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan
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Abstract
The present study was carried out to check the cytotoxic and phytotoxic activities of the ethanolic extract of leaf of Reinwardtia trigyna. The cytotoxic potential checked through Artemia salina mortality test which showed low cytotoxic effect (30% and 43.33%) at the doses of 10µg/ml, and 100µg/ml, while moderate cytotoxic effect (53.33%) was observed at 1000µg/ml with highest LD50, value 4496.29µg/ml as compared to the control having normal saline that shows no mortality. The same extracts showed significant dose dependent phytotoxicity 32.25%, 61.29% and 70.96% inhibition of Lemna minor at the doses of 10, 100 and 1000µg/ml as compared to the positive control “Atrazine sulphate” that shows 100% frond inhibition. The FI50 value of plant extract was very low as 58.448 µg/ml. it is concluded from the present work that Reinwardtia trigyna could be used as a natural herbicide and weedicide as it shows a good phytotoxic activity.
Keywords
Reinwardtia trigyna, Ethanolic Extract, Leaf, Cytotoxic Activity, Artemia salina, Phytotoxic Activity, Lemna minor
To cite this article
Saima , Shafqat Ali Khan, Muhammad Ibrar, Barkatullah , Cytotoxic and Phytotoxic Activities of Reinwardtia trigyna (ROXB.), International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2017, pp. 32-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20170302.11
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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