Effect of Feeding Some Evergreen Tropical Browse Plant Leaf on Blood Parameters of Growing Rabbits
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 92-98
Received: Mar. 30, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 13, 2017; Published: Jul. 25, 2017
Views 2067      Downloads 105
Okwori Abel Ibrahim, Department of Animal Production, College of Animal Science, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Nigeria
Abejeshi Ikienilase Margaret, Department of Animal Production, College of Animal Science, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Nigeria
Shaahu David Terhemba, Department of Animal Production, College of Animal Science, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
A feeding trial was conducted with thirty (30) weaner rabbits to investigate the nutritive potentials of some evergreen tropical browse plants leaves (Ficcus thoningii, Vitex doniana, Daniela oliveri, Sarcocephalus latifolia). Thirty mixed breed rabbits were used and randomly assigned to five (5) treatments (T1 - T5). The rabbits on Treatment 1 diet were fed concentrate only (control), while those in T2 - T5 were fed as follows; Ficcus thoningii + concentrate of 3% weekly body weight, Vitex doniana + concentrate of 3% weekly body weight, Daniela oliveri + concentrate of 3% weekly body weight, and Sarcocephalus latifolia + concentrate of 3% weekly body weight, respectively. Results of preliminary (analytical) experiments showed that the browse plants contained DE which ranged from 2722.77 to 3180.25kcal, CP from 8.70 to 17.47%, Crude Fibre from 7.32 to 22.08%. The rabbits were fed and given drinking water ad-libitum for the twelve-week experimental duration during which their haematology and serum biochemical indices were evaluated. Of the haematological parameters, significant (P<0.05) differences were observed on Mean corpuscular volume which varied from 65.03 to 81.40x1015/fl, while there were no differences (P>0.05) on other haematological parameters. However, the values were not far from the normal reference values. The diet also had significant (P<0.05) effects on serum biochemical indices such as Total protein which values ranged from 4.17b to 6.37mg/dl and glucose from 77.6-100.10mg/dl. However, these values were similar with the normal reference values.
Browse Plant, Haematology, Rabbits, Serum Biochemical Indices
To cite this article
Okwori Abel Ibrahim, Abejeshi Ikienilase Margaret, Shaahu David Terhemba, Effect of Feeding Some Evergreen Tropical Browse Plant Leaf on Blood Parameters of Growing Rabbits, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2017, pp. 92-98. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20170304.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Acamovic, T, Steward, C. S. and Pennycott, T. W. (eds) (2004). Poisons plants and related toxins. Oxford University Press, 608pp.
Akinmutimi, A. H. and Osuagwu, C. C. (2008). Response of Weaner Rabbits Fed Graded Levels of Sweet Potato Meal in Place of Maize-Based Diet. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 7 (5): 705-709.
Amata, I. A. and Lebari, T. A. (2011). Comparative evaluation of the nutrient profile of four selected browse plants in the tropics, recommended for use as non-conventional livestock feeding materials. African Journal of Biotechnology 10 (64): 14230-14233.
A. O. A. C. (1980). Association of Official Analytical Chemist. 15th Ed. William Tryd Press, Richard Virginia, USA pp 1018.
Babayemi, O. J, Demeyer, D. and Fervez, V. (2004). Nutrition Value of quantitative assessment of secondary compounds in seeds of eight tropical browse, shrub and pulse legumes comm. Appl Biol. Sci. Glent University, 69/1:103-110.
Bamikole, M. A, Ikhatua, U. J, Arigbede, O. M, Babayemi O. J, Etela I. (2004). An evaluation of the acceptability as forage of some nutritive and anti-nutritive components and of the dry matter degradation profiles of five species of ficus. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 36:157-167.
Belmar, R, Nava-Montero, R, Sandoval- Castro, C. and Menab, J. M. (1999). Jackbean (canuvalia ensiforms L. DC) in poultry diets: Anti-nutritional factors and detoxification studies. A. Review. Poultry Sci. J. 55 (1) 37-59.
Biobaku, W. O. (1994). Effects of feeding raw and cooked delonix ragia seed bean on the performance of rabbits. Journal of Agricultural Technology 7: 10- 14.
Bohm, A. B. and Kocipai, A. A. (1994). Flavonoids and condensed Tannis from leaves of Hawaiian Vaccinium vaticulation and V. calycinnium, pacific science, 48,458-453.
Cheeke, P. R. (1971). Nutritional and Physiological implication Saponins: A Review. Canadian J. Ani. Sci. 51: 621-623.
Cheeke, P. R. and Shull, L. R. (1984). Natural Toxicants in feeds and livestock. AVI publishing INC, West port, Connecticut.
Cheeke, P. R, (1986). Potential of rabbit production in tropical and subtropical agricultural systems. Journal of Animal Science 63: 1581- 1586.
Cheeke, P. R. (1992). Feeding systems for tropical rabbit production emphasizing roots, tubers and bananas in: Roots, tubers, plantains and bananas in animal feeding. Proceedings of the FAO Expert Consultation, held in CIAT, Cali, Colombia, 21st-25th January, 1991.
Chinma, C. E. and Igyor, M. A. (2007). Micronutrient and ante-nutritional contents of selected tropical vegetable grown in southeast Nigeria, Nigeria food Journal 25(1):111-116.
Dacie, J. V. and Lewis, S. M. (1991). Practical Heamatology. 7th Edition, Livinton, (ELBS) Church Hill Publishers.
Eggum, B. O. (1970). Blood urea measurement as a technique for assessing protein quality, Brit. J. Nutr. 24: 983-988.
Fadiyimu, A. A, Fajemisin, A. N, Alokan, J. A. (2011). Chemical composition of selected browse plants and their acceptability by West African dwarf sheep. Livestock for Rural Development: 23 (12).
George (2003). The potentials of local vegetables in Nigeria. Hand book on Agriculture 2 (3). 80-86.
Gidado, O. G, Kibon, A, Gwargwor, Z. A, Mbaya, P, Baba, M. J. (2013). Assessment of antinutrient factors and nutrient composition of some selected browse plants use as livestock feeds in Taraba state. International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering:1(1): 5-9.ion.
Harbone, Z. B. (1973). Phytochemical methods A guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. Chapman and Hall, London. pp. 113-185
Hewitt, C. D, Innes, D. J. Savory, J. And Wills, M. R. (1989). Normal Biochemical and hematological values in New Zealand white rabbits Clin. Chem. 35 (8): 1777-1779.
Iloeje, N. P. (1991). New Geography of Nigeria, new revised edition. Academic press limited Lagos, pp 23: 44-74.
Jain, C. N. (1986). Schalms veterinary Haematology. 4th Edition, Philadelphia. Lea and Febiger Publishers.
Kaneko, J. J. (1989). Clinical Biochemcial of Domestic Animals, 4th Edition, London academy Press Ltd. Pp 495-498.
Kelly, W. R. (1979). Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis. 2nd Edition, London, Bailliere Tindall Publishers.
Lindsay, D. B. (1977). The effect of feeding patterns and sampling of blood parameters. Brit. J. Nutr. 56:99-120.
Maga, J. A. (1982). Phytete, its chemistry, occurrence, food interaction, Nutritional significant methods of analysis. Journal of Agriculture food and Chemistry, volume 30, pp. 1-5.
Mbomi, S. E, Ogungbesan, A. M, Babayemi, O. J, Nchinda, N. P. (2011). Chemical composition, acceptability of three Tephrosia species and use of Tephrosia purprerea as supplement for grazing animals in the western highlands of Cameroon. Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries: 3(3):132-138.
MINITAB Statistical Software (2014). V.16, Minitab Inc. P. A, US.
Mitruka, B. M. and Rawnsley, H. (1977). Clinical Biochemistry and Heamatologycal Reference values in National Experimental Animals.1st Edition, New York, USA. Masson Publishing Inc. PP. 106-112.
Nemeat Meteological Agency (2014). Bebi Airstrip, Obanliku, Cross River State.
Ochefu, J. (2006). The effect of Kapok (Ceiba pentandra) seed meal based diets on growth carcass yield and blood chemistry of weaner rabbits. M. Sc. Thesis, Department of Animal Breeding and Physiology, University of Agriculture. Makurdi.
Oduguwa, O. O, Oduguwa, B. O, Onwuka, C. F. I, Olajobi, H. O. (1998). Anti-nutritional factors in foliage of some leguminous trees and shrubs. In: O Oduguwa, A O Fanimo, OA Osinowo (eds). Animal agriculture in West Africa. The Sustainability Question. Proceedings of the Silver Jubilee Anniversary Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production; 339-340.
Ojebiyi, O. O, Farinu, G. O, Tongun, V. A, Akinlade, J. A, Aderinola, O. A. Olayeni, T. B. and Moronfalu, O. O. (2007). Studies on growth and haematological attributes of weaned rabbits fed graded levels of sun-dried cassava peel blood meal mixture, 32nd Ann. Conf. Nig. Soc.
Okoli, I. C, Maureen, O, Anunobi, O, Obua, B. E. and Enemuo, V. (2003). Studies on selected browses of southeastern Nigeria with particular reference to their proximate and some endogenous anti-nutritional constituents. Livestock Res. Rural Dev. 15 (9): 3-7.
Ologhobo A. (1989). Mineral and anti-nutritional contents of forage and legumes consumed by goats in Nigeria. In: RT Wilson, A Melaku (Eds). Proceedings of a Conference on African Small Ruminant Research and Development, Bamenda, Cameroon.
Pauzenga, U. (1985). Feeding parent-stock. Zootecncia International, December 1985, pp: 22-24.
Powell, J. B. and Djuh, Y. Y. (1971). A comparison of automated methods for glucose analysis in patients with uremia before and after dialysis. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 56, 8-16.
Rajesdevan, P, Goonewardema, L. and Ravindran, R. S. B. (1987). An investigation on the reproductive traits of crossbred rabbits in Seri Lanka World. Review Animal production. 23(2): 91-95.
Roschlan, P, Bernet, E. and Grubner, W. (1974). Veterinary Clinical Pathology. 2nd Edition, Philadelphia. W. B. Saunders Company. Pp.403-407.
Sharma, D. D. S. and Chandra, S. S. (2001). The nutritive value and toxicity of OHI (Albizia stipulate Bovin) tree leaves. J. Res. Ludlhiana 6: 388-393.
Shane G. (2012). Composition of some Livestock Feeds. University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service Printing Services.
Talis De, O. S, Luiz, C. K, Leonado, J, Joao, B, Auren, B. S. and Cleverson, S. (2005). Reference values for Chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger) Blood cells and serum biochemical parameters. Cienc. Rural.35 (3):1-8.
Teferedegne, B. (2000). New perspectives on the use of tropical plants to improve ruminant nutrition. Pro. Nutr. Soc, 59: 209-214.
Wheeler, E. L. and Ferrei, R. E. (1971). A method for phytate acid determination in wheat and wheat fractions. Cereal chemistry, 48:312-320.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186