Construction and Evaluation of Pyramidal Hill for Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Production in Bataan, Philippines
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 7-13
Received: Dec. 1, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 18, 2017;
Published: Jan. 8, 2018
Views 1957 Downloads 67
Jude Dela Cruz Llenarez, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Bataan Peninsula State University Abucay Campus, Bataan, Philippines
Ricson Lorenzo Ines, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Bataan Peninsula State University Abucay Campus, Bataan, Philippines
Follow on us
This study was conducted to assess the effects of pyramidal hill in the growth of cassava. However, as observed, the pyramidal hills did not remain pyramidal in shape due to soil compaction. In this study, three parameters were observed to evaluate the results of the study; crop parameters, soil parameters and yield parameters. There were two blocks that contained four treatments with five replications each treatment. Three of the four treatments were in different dimensions of pyramidal hill while one treatment is non-hilled and conventionally hoed which is used by common farmers. Three measurements of hill were used in reference to the base and height; (T1) 40 cm by 40 cm, (T2) 50 cm by 50 cm, (T3) 60 cm by 60 cm and (T4) 60 cm by 10 cm approximately. As a result, the highest averages of plant height recorded were in T3. In the aspect of soil compaction data based on penetrometer’s reading, the highest compaction was recorded in T4, while the rest of treatments had not significant differences. Significant differences were also observed in terms of yield parameters. It was recorded that replications in T3 for both blocks had the highest yield. The used of pyramidal in cassava production showed beneficial effects on the growth and yield of crops. Favorable increase in height was observed through measurements and higher weight was attained among tubers.
Cassava, Soil Compaction, Cassava Tubers, Soil Erosion, Philippines
To cite this article
Jude Dela Cruz Llenarez,
Ricson Lorenzo Ines,
Construction and Evaluation of Pyramidal Hill for Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Production in Bataan, Philippines, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2018, pp. 7-13.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
PCCARRD. Cassava Production Guide. 2013. Manila, Philippines.
Food and Agricultural Organization. 2011. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Food and Agricultural Organization. 1995. Production Yearbook 49. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Agribusiness Cassava Production Guide. 2015. Manila, Philippines.
SEESAHAI, A. and OUSMAN, M. R. Understanding Cassava Plant. 2015. India.
DEJONG-HUGHES et. al. 2015. United States of America.
MCKENZIE, et. al. 2013. United States of America.
DELROY, et. al. 1986. India.
RITTER, JIM P. 2015. Soil Erosion Causes and Effects. California, USA.
PCCARRD Cassava Production. 2002. Manila, Philippines.
HANSEN, V. E., ISRAELSEN, O. W., and STRINGHAM, G. E. (1980). Irrigation Principles and Practices (4th ed.). New York, USA.
CALPE, A, 1991. Roots, tubers, and plantains: Recent trends in productions, trade, and use. Pages 11-40 in: Proc. of the F A 0 Expert Consultation. Roots, Tubers, Plantains, and Bananas in Animal Feeding, CIAT, Cali, Colombia.
GOMEZ K. A. and GOMEZ A. A. 1983. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd edition. A Wiley-Interscience Publication. pp 383-38.