Climate Change Impact on Rural Livelihoods of Small Landholder: A Case of Rajanpur, Pakistan
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2018, Pages: 28-34
Received: Feb. 12, 2018;
Accepted: Mar. 16, 2018;
Published: Apr. 10, 2018
Views 2150 Downloads 238
Muhammad Ateeq-Ur-Rehman, Department of Sociology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Badar Naseem Siddiqui, Department of Agricultural Extension, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Naimatullah Hashmi, Department of Sociology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Khalid Masud, Department of Agricultural Extension, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Muhammad Adeel, Department of Agricultural Extension, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Muhammad Rameez Akram Khan, Department of Agricultural Extension, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Khawaja Muhammad Dawood, Department of Agricultural Extension, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Syed Ali Asghar Shah, Department of Agricultural Extension, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Madiha Karim, Department of Sociology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Follow on us
Climate change is one of the major challenges for agriculture, food security and rural livelihoods for billions of poor people in the world. Agriculture is most vulnerable to climate change due to its high dependence on climate and weather. Asian agriculture sector is already facing many problems relating to sustainability. The present study was conducted to identify the impact of climate change on the socio-economic status and livelihood of farmers. A sample of 280 farmers’ respondents was selected from tehsil Jampur of Rajanpur district. The data were obtained through well designed interview schedule and analyzed statistically. All the respondents reported that climate change had always influences on the income and agricultural yield. Climate change had influenced on income and economics weighted scores (1400). Although there were differences between (before -2930832.1) and (current -2684400.0) annual income. All of the respondents reported that climate change had very high effect on the practicing crop diversification while, more than half (53.0%) of the respondents reported that climate change had very high effect on planting different crops. The rank order regarding crop diversification was on high rank due to the high weighted score (1400). All of the respondents reported that climate change had greatly extent on forest burning. The comparisons of different means of different factors like mobility, health, economics, income, environmental destruction, agricultural yields and size of land holding affected by climate change were non-significant. The comparisons of different means of different factors like deforestation, pollution from vehicles, pollution from power generation, pollution from waste, pollution from agri. Activities, shifting cultivation, forest burning and any other factors were non-significant.
Climate Change, Livelihood, Livestock, Rajanpur, Pakistan
To cite this article
Badar Naseem Siddiqui,
Muhammad Rameez Akram Khan,
Khawaja Muhammad Dawood,
Syed Ali Asghar Shah,
Climate Change Impact on Rural Livelihoods of Small Landholder: A Case of Rajanpur, Pakistan, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2018, pp. 28-34.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ladd, G. and V. Suvannunt, 2010. A model for consumer demand for good characteristics. American J. Agri. Eco., (58): 504-510.
Govt. of Pak. 2011. Annual Plan 2011-12. Planning Commission, Planning and development Division, Islamabad.
Fafchamps, C. 2000. Drought and saving in West Africa: are livestock a buffer stock. J. Dev. Econ. 55 (2):273–305.
IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H. L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 996 pp.
Karim, M. R., and Ishikawa, M., 2012. Climate change model predicts 33% rice yield decrease in 2100 in Bangladesh. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 32, 821–830.
Schlenker, W., and Lobell, D., B. 2010. Robust Negative Impacts of Climate Change on African Agriculture. Environ. Res. Lett. 5:014010.
Mirza, M. Q. 2003. Climate change and extreme weather events: Can developing countries adaption. Clim Poli. 3 (3):233-248.
Magrath, J. 2008. Turning Up the Heat: Climate Change and Poverty in Uganda, Kampala, http://www.oxfam.org.uk/resources/policy/climate_change/ climate change. pdf.
NEST, 2004. (Nigerian Environmental Study Action Team), Nigeria Global GCSI, Change Strategies International, Canada. 2004. Executive Summary of Five Multi-Sector Surveys on Nigeria’s Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change.
Gunnell, A. N, G. Agmalian. 2005. Agriculture land available for production in 2030. Roots of the Change Fund Report. San Francisco, USA.
Barnett, J. 2007. Food Security and climate change in the South Pacific, Pacific Ecologist Advisory Panel. J. Pac. Ecol, 32-36.
Abdallah, N. 2009. Climate Change Diary, Sudan, retrieved through http://www. practicalaction.org on 2009/07/21.
Nelson, G. 2010. Climate change: Impact on agriculture and cost of adaptation. International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington DC, USA.
Ensor, J. 2011. Uncertain Futures: Adapting Development to a Changing Climate. Warwickshire: Practical Action Publishing.
Bako, M. 2013. Climate change vulnerability assessment in parts of Northern Nigeria. Nigerian J. Trop. Geogr., 4 (2): 449-470.
Kulkarmi, J. and N, Leary. 2007. Climate Change and Vulnerability in Developing Country Regions. Draft Final Report of the AIACC Project, A Global Environmental Facility Enabling Activity in the in the Climate Change Focal Area, Project no GFL – 2328-2724-4330, April 2007, UNEP, Nairobi Kenya.
Whande, W. 2007. Arid climate adaptation and cultural innovation in Africa, program for land and agrarian studies, UWC. http://www.wcs-ahead.org/gltfca_march2007/whande.pdf. Accessed on 18-06-2016.
Martin, F. J. 2007. The impact of climate change on small and subsistence agric. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104 (50).
Trenberth, K. and R. Karl. 2003. Modern global climate change. Science. KPK during winter season. Pak. J. of Mete., 7 (13) Pp. No 115-117.
NAS, 2001. Climate change science. An analysis of some key questions. National Academy Press. Rome, Italy.