Analysis on the Situation of USA Pima Cotton Production
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages: 1-13
Received: Oct. 22, 2018;
Accepted: Nov. 30, 2018;
Published: Jan. 21, 2019
Views 836 Downloads 189
Liwen Tian, Institute of Economic Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, China
Kong Jie, Institute of Economic Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, China
Weng Qin, Institute of Economic and Technological Information, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, China
Xinmin Ning, Institute of Economic Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, China
Jianping Cui, Institute of Economic Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, China
Haijiang Xu, Institute of Economic Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, China
Rensong Guo, Institute of Economic Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, China
Tao Lin, Institute of Economic Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, China
Follow on us
Based on the analysis of the natural ecological conditions, yield, quality, brand, equipmen, technology, planting distribution, planting benefits, policy and social service in the Pima cotton-growing region of the United States, the following advantages and successful experiences of Pima cotton production in the United States were clarified: first, USA Pima cotton producing area is mainly concentrated in San Joaquin Valley (SJV) of California, where the water supply is enough, water and soil conservation good, light and heat resources abundant; second, the average planting scale in 2013-2017 was 788 32.8 hm2/ year, with the total yield of 127 540 t/year，the average yield per unit of 1 613.10 kg/hm2. The Pima cotton yield of the United States accounted for 25.1-47.0% of total ELS production in the world, ranking first among all ELS planting countries. American Pima cotton is shown in strong fiber strength, good micronaire value, proper uniformity, high color grade and leaf grade. So American Pima cotton is the most influential, it has become a popular raw material for textile enterprises to produce high-grade cotton fabrics. The raw materials for many brands of cotton textiles are designated as Pima cotton. The final net income of the farm owner is an average of $555/hm2. third, equipment material and technology is practical, advanced. The high yield and pest-resistant variety, high-efficient new fertilizers with low pollution, new pesticides (including herbicides, pesticides, defoliation ripener, chemical regulator), the integration of water, fertilizer and drugs, remote monitoring and control, as well as all kinds of modern agricultural machinery, advanced processing and testing equipment, all of which are first and widely used in the United States. Fourth, feasible and reliable modernized intensive farm management mode with large-scale agricultural machinery operation; fifth, although high production cost of American Pima cotton, high-efficient social services and policy support system, as well as reasonable planting distribution, good brand influence, synchronization of high yield and good quality with large-scale benefits. In a word, advantages and successful experiences of American Pima cotton production can provide other countries, especially China, Egypt with good reference and models in ELS production, and then the world ELS production level will be comprehensively improved.
Pima Cotton, Natural Ecology, Production, Quality and Brand, Equipment and Technology, Distribution and Organization Form, Benefits, Services
To cite this article
Analysis on the Situation of USA Pima Cotton Production, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2019, pp. 1-13.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Wikipedia. Gossypium barbadense [DB/]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gossypium_barbadense/, 2017-2-28.
Supima Association of America. Frequently asked questions [DB]. http://www.supima.com/whats-supima/faq/, 2017-3-12.
TIAN LW, CUI JP, GUO RS. Research on history review and actuality analysis of ELS cotton production in Xinjiang [A]. Essay Compilation of the 2016 Cotton Annual Meeting, Society of Agronomy [C]. Anyang: China Cotton Magazine House, 2016: 30-36.
TIAN LW, CUI JP, XU HJ. The analysis of present situation on the production of US long-staple cotton [J]. World Agriculture, 2013, (9): 105-110.
United States Department of Agriculture Economics, Statistics and Market Information System, Cotton and Wool Yearbook [DB]. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1282/, 2017-3-12.
San Joaquin soil [DB]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Joaquin_,2016-11-13.
The San Joaquin Valley Climate [DB]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Joaquin_Valley, 2017-2-22.
Climate data for Fresno. California [DB]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fresno,2012-1-05.
National Cotton Council of America. Cotton Crop Databases [DB]. http://www.cotton.org/econ/cropinfo/cropdata/index.cfm, 2017-3-12.
The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS). USDA, Market News, Cotton [DB]. https://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news/,2017-3-12.
Wikipedia. Dow Agro Sciences [DB]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dow_AgroSciences, 2016-11-18.
Wikipedia. Monsanto [DB]. https:// https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monsanto, 2017-3-10.
Monsanto Company. About deltapine [DB] http://test.deltapine.com/About-Us/Pages/About-Us.aspx, 2017-3-12.
Bayer: science for a better life. Overview [DB]. https://www.bayer.com/, 2017-3-1.
HAZERA SEEDS INC. Who We Are [DB] http://www.hazera.com/, 2017-3-13.
U. S. Department of Agriculture. United States 2015 Crop [DB]. https://search.ams.usda.gov/mndms/2015/09/CN20150915AVAR.pdf, 2017-3-13.
U. S. Department of Agriculture. United States 2016 Crop [DB]. https://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/cnavar.pdf, 2017-3-13.
University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Variety Selection (Variety Trials) [DB]. http://cottoninfo.ucdavis.edu/Variety_Selection/, 2017-3-13.
University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Cost Studies [DB]. http://cottoninfo.ucdavis.edu/Cost_Studies/,2017-3-13.
United States Department of Agriculture. Commodity Cost and Returns [DB]. https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/commodity-cost-and-returns.aspx, 2016-12-14.
Agricultural Act of 2014 (2014 Farm Act) [DB]. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-113hr2642enr/pdf/BILLS-113hr2642enr.pdf.
Agricultural Act of 2014: Highlights and Implications.
2015 Crop Policies and Pilots [DB]. http://www.rma.usda.gov/policies/2015policy.html
Research Group of the Ministry of Agriculture. Amendments of American Agriculture Bill in 2014 and the enlightenments to China [J]. Farm Produce Market Weekly, 2014, (19): 53-60.