Application of Lemongrass and Cinnamon Pesticides on Rice Ear Bug (Leptocorisa oratorius Fabricius) in Padi Plant
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages: 105-108
Received: Jul. 24, 2019; Accepted: Aug. 13, 2019; Published: Sep. 4, 2019
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Authors
Christina Salaki, Study Program of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Sam Ratulangi University, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Vivi Montong, Study Program of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Sam Ratulangi University, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
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Abstract
Lemongrass and cinnamon plant are known holding active compounds that can be used as raw materials of plant pesticides. It is related with their ability to kill, extrude, and prevent the pest insects from feeding, including rice ear bug Leptocorisa oratorius, one of the dangerous and uncontrollable padi plant pests. This study was aimed at finding the best formula of lemongrass and cinnamon-based plant pesticide formulation to control rice ear bug L. oratorius, to know the killing ability, and to do the pathogenicity test. It was carried out in a greenhouse of Pest and Disease Department, Faculty of Agriculture, UNSRAT, Manado, in March to September 2018. The treatments consisted of mixed lemongrass and cinnamon at concentrations of 2 cc/L, 4 cc/L, 6 cc/L, 8 cc/L, 10 cc/L, and control. Parameters observed were nymph mortalities at 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after application. The treatments were administered by spraying the insect, the plant, and the insect on the plant. Results showed that spraying the insect with rice ear bug pesticide could result in 36.7 – 86.7% of mortality and with cinnamon pesticide could kill 56.7 – 93.3%, spraying the plant with rice ear bug and cinnamon pesticides could cause 3.3 – 36.7% and 6.7 – 40% of mortality, respectively, while spraying the insect on the plant could make 60 – 100% of mortality using rice ear bug pesticide and 70 – 100% of mortality using cinnamon pesticide at 12 and 72 hours after the application.
Keywords
Formulation, Pathogenicity, Insect, Mortality, Spraying Method
To cite this article
Christina Salaki, Vivi Montong, Application of Lemongrass and Cinnamon Pesticides on Rice Ear Bug (Leptocorisa oratorius Fabricius) in Padi Plant, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2019, pp. 105-108. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20190505.11
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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