Physicochemical Properties of Kakamut Gum (Acacia polyacantha) and Hashab Gum (Acacia senegal): A Comparative Analysis
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 138-143
Received: Aug. 1, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 7, 2019; Published: Nov. 25, 2019
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Annoor Awadasseid, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, P. R. China; Department of Biochemistry & Food Sciences, University of Kordofan, El-Obeid, The Republic of Sudan
Idris Musa Adam, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Kadugli Research Station, Kadugli, The Republic of Sudan
Mayada Jamal, Department of Geology, University of Kordofan, El-Obeid, The Republic of Sudan
Farah Khameis Farag Teia, Department of Agro-technology, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants and Traditional Medicine Research Institute, National Centre for Research, Khartoum, The Republic of Sudan
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The physicochemical properties of the natural Gum are very important in determining their commercial value and their use. Herein, the present study aims to identify differences in physicochemical properties of Kakamut Gum (Acacia polyacntha) and Hashab Gum (Acacia Senegal). Samples of Gums were collected as follows: Kakamut Gum from Um fakarin forest and Hashab Gum from Eldemokeya forest, North Kordofan State 2008 – 2009. The two samples were subjected to laboratory analyzed in Warm Seas Agro Business, Elobeid Agricultural Research Station, and Sudanese Standards and Metrology Organization. The study revealed that there were significant differences (p < 0.01) in moisture (dry matter) and optical rotation. Also, significant differences (p < 0.05) were found in the percentage of ash content and viscosity. However, there were no significant differences found in the percentage of the crude fiber, nitrogen (protein), pH, and purity between the two samples. The results obtained demonstrate clearly the physical and chemical characteristics of the two Gums samples and also, throw lights on their nutritional purposes. As well as the study of the physicochemical properties of Kakamut Gum and compare it with Hashab Gum, proved the potential contribution of the Kakamut tree (Acacia Polyacantha) in the Gum production and not depend solely on the Gum produced from the Hashab tree (Acacia Senegal).
Acacia Senegal, Acacia polyacntha, Physicochemical Properties, Gum
To cite this article
Annoor Awadasseid, Idris Musa Adam, Mayada Jamal, Farah Khameis Farag Teia, Physicochemical Properties of Kakamut Gum (Acacia polyacantha) and Hashab Gum (Acacia senegal): A Comparative Analysis, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2019, pp. 138-143. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20190506.12
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