Silicate Rock-Based Fertilizers Improved the Production of Sugarcane Grown on Udipsamments Kediri, East Java, Indonesia
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2020, Pages: 16-20
Received: Apr. 12, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 27, 2020; Published: May 15, 2020
Views 235      Downloads 75
Joko Priyono, Department of Soil Science, University of Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia
Djajadi, Indonesian Sweetener and Tuber Crops Research Institute, Malang, Indonesia
Sulis Nur Hidayati, Indonesian Sweetener and Tuber Crops Research Institute, Malang, Indonesia
Sandi Gunawan, Sugarcane Research Center of PT Perkebunan Nusantara (PTPN) X, Kediri, Indonesia
Ikhlas Suhada, PT. JIA Agro Indonesia, West Lombok, Indonesia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Improving the farming productivity and profitability of sugarcane in Indonesia requires an appropriate fertilization method. So, three types of silicate rock-based fertilizers were developed and tested in field condition. The main objectives of this research were to identify the effects of liquid-silicate rock fertilizer (LSRF) in addition to NPK, and granules of NP70-Si and NP100-Si on the growth and yield components of sugarcane grown on Udipsamments. A randomized complete block design was employed with the treatment consisting of F-0 (NPK) as the reference of fertilizer package, F-1 (NPK + LSRF applied onto the leaf), F-2 (NPK + LSRF applied to the soil), F-3 (NP70-Si), and F-4 (NP100-Si), and those were replicated in five blocks. Results reveal that the applications of those different fertilizer packages significantly affected the germination of seed buds, cane production, and sugar yield, but did not for the other growth and yield components. The order of its agronomic and economic effectiveness of the fertilizer packages, based on the value of either cane production or sugar yield, was F-2 > F-1 > F-4 > F-0 > F-3. Therefore, the use of the fertilizer package of F-2 (NPK + LSRF) may be promoted as an appropriate fertilization method to improve the farming productivity and profitability of sugarcane in Indonesia.
Cane Production, Silicate Rock, Sugarcane, Si Fertilizer, Sugar Yield
To cite this article
Joko Priyono, Djajadi, Sulis Nur Hidayati, Sandi Gunawan, Ikhlas Suhada, Silicate Rock-Based Fertilizers Improved the Production of Sugarcane Grown on Udipsamments Kediri, East Java, Indonesia, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 16-20. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20200602.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Kementan RI. (2015). Permentan No: 19/Permentan/HK. 140/4/2015 tentang rencana strategis Kementerian Pertanian tahun 2015-2019.
Epstein, E. (1999). Silicon. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol., Plant Mol. Biol., 50: 641-664.
Samuels, G. (1969). Silicon and sugar. Sugar y Azucar, 65: 25- 29.
Anderson, D. L., Snyder, G. H. and Martin, F. G. (1991). Multi-year response of sugarcane to calcium silicate slag on everglades histosols. Agronomy Journal 83: 870-874.
Keeping, J. H. and Meyer, M. G. (2002). Calcium silicate enhances resistance of sugarcane to the African stalk borer Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Agric. Forest Enthom. 4: 265-274.
Du Preez, P. (1970). The effect of silica on cane growth. Proc. South Afr. Sugar Tech. Assoc. June 1970. p. 183-188.
Bernal, J. (2008). Response of rice and sugarcane to magnesium silicate in different soils of Colombia, South America. Abstract. In Int. Proc. South Africa. 2008. p. 26.
Toharisman, A., Mulyadi, M., and Rasjid, A. (2010). A new formulated silicon fertilizer for better sugarcane production. Proc. Int. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. 27: 1-3.
Savant, N. K., Korndörfer, G. H., Datnoff, L. E. and Snyder, G. H. (1999). Silicon nutrition and sugarcane production: a review. Journal of Plant and Nutr., 22: 1853-1903.
Berry, S. D. and Sala, S. (2008). Silicone and plant-parasitic nematodes in sugarcane. Abstract. Int. Proc. South Africa. 2008. p. 27.
Biel, K., Matichenkov, V. and Fomina, I. (2008). Role of silicon in plant defensive system. Abstract. Int. Proc. South Africa. 2008. p. 28.
Ma, J. F. (2004). Role of silicon in enhancing the resistance of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses. Soil Sci Plant Nutr. 50: 11-18.
Kosobryukhov, A, Shabnova, N., Kreslavsky, V. and Matichenkov, V. (2008). Active silicon for increasing salt tolerance in plants. Abstract. Int. Proc. South Africa. 2008. p 56.
Liang YC, Chen QR, Liu Q, Zhang WH, Ding RX (2003). Exogenous silicon (Si) increases antioxidant enzyme activity and reduces lipid peroxidation in roots of salt-stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). J. Plant Physiol. 160: 1157-1164.
Ali, A., Shahzad, M. A., Basra, S. H., Iqbal, J., Ahmad, M. and Sarwar, M. (2012). Salt stress alleviation in field crops through nutritional supplementation of silicon. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11 (8): 637-655.
BPS. (2017). Statistik tebu Indonesia (Indonesian sugarcane statistics). Publ. No. 05130.1805.
de Villiers, O. H. (1961) Soil rejuvenation with crushed basalt in Mauritius. Int. Sugar. J. 63: 363-364.
Clements, H. F. (1965). The roles of calcium silicate slag in sugar cane growth. Repts. Hawaiian. Sugar Tech. 25: 103-126.
Ayres, A. S. (1966). Calcium silicate slag as a growth stimulant for sugarcane on low-silicon soils. Soil Sci. 101 (3): 216-227.
Alvares, J. and Gasco, G. J. (1979). Calcium silicate slag for sugar cane in Florida. Part II-Economic response. Sugar y Azucar. 74: 32-35.
Anderson, D. L., Jones, D. B., and Snyder, G. H. (1987). Response of a rice-sugarcane rotation to calcium silicate slag on Everglades Histosols. Agron. J. 79: 531-535.
Allorerung, D. (1989). Influence of steel slag application to red/yellow podzolic soils on soil chemical characteristics, nutrient content and uptake, and yield of sugarcane plantations (Saccharum officinarum L.). Bull. P3G. Indonesia. 136: 14-42.
Priyono, J. (2014). Kompilasi hasil uji efektivitas penggunaan pupuk silikat cair pada beberapa jenis komoditi tanaman pangan, hortikultura, dan perkebunan (2012–2014) (unpublished report).
Djajadi, Hidayati, S. N., Syaputra, R., dan Supriyadi. (2016). Pengaruh pemupukan Si cair terhadap produksi dan rendemen tebu. Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri. 22 (4): 176-181.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186