Silicate Rock-Based Fertilizers Improved the Production of Sugarcane Grown on Udipsamments Kediri, East Java, Indonesia
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2020, Pages: 16-20
Received: Apr. 12, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 27, 2020; Published: May 15, 2020
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Authors
Joko Priyono, Department of Soil Science, University of Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia
Djajadi, Indonesian Sweetener and Tuber Crops Research Institute, Malang, Indonesia
Sulis Nur Hidayati, Indonesian Sweetener and Tuber Crops Research Institute, Malang, Indonesia
Sandi Gunawan, Sugarcane Research Center of PT Perkebunan Nusantara (PTPN) X, Kediri, Indonesia
Ikhlas Suhada, PT. JIA Agro Indonesia, West Lombok, Indonesia
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Abstract
Improving the farming productivity and profitability of sugarcane in Indonesia requires an appropriate fertilization method. So, three types of silicate rock-based fertilizers were developed and tested in field condition. The main objectives of this research were to identify the effects of liquid-silicate rock fertilizer (LSRF) in addition to NPK, and granules of NP70-Si and NP100-Si on the growth and yield components of sugarcane grown on Udipsamments. A randomized complete block design was employed with the treatment consisting of F-0 (NPK) as the reference of fertilizer package, F-1 (NPK + LSRF applied onto the leaf), F-2 (NPK + LSRF applied to the soil), F-3 (NP70-Si), and F-4 (NP100-Si), and those were replicated in five blocks. Results reveal that the applications of those different fertilizer packages significantly affected the germination of seed buds, cane production, and sugar yield, but did not for the other growth and yield components. The order of its agronomic and economic effectiveness of the fertilizer packages, based on the value of either cane production or sugar yield, was F-2 > F-1 > F-4 > F-0 > F-3. Therefore, the use of the fertilizer package of F-2 (NPK + LSRF) may be promoted as an appropriate fertilization method to improve the farming productivity and profitability of sugarcane in Indonesia.
Keywords
Cane Production, Silicate Rock, Sugarcane, Si Fertilizer, Sugar Yield
To cite this article
Joko Priyono, Djajadi, Sulis Nur Hidayati, Sandi Gunawan, Ikhlas Suhada, Silicate Rock-Based Fertilizers Improved the Production of Sugarcane Grown on Udipsamments Kediri, East Java, Indonesia, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 16-20. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20200602.11
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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