Trace Elements Composition and Enzymes Activity of Soil Amended with Municipal Sewage Sludge at Three Locations in Kentucky
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2020, Pages: 89-95
Received: Apr. 13, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 30, 2020; Published: Sep. 23, 2020
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Authors
George Fouad Antonious, Division of Environmental Studies, College of Agriculture, Communities, and the Environment, Kentucky State University, Frankfort, USA
Eric Todd Turley, Division of Environmental Studies, College of Agriculture, Communities, and the Environment, Kentucky State University, Frankfort, USA
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Abstract
Biological monitoring is a sensitive indicator of soil ecological stress for early restoration. The addition of manure, such as sewage sludge (SS) to agricultural soil contributes to the enhancement of organic compounds. However, SS may contain toxic metals that potentially affect soil microbial growth and the enzymes they produce. Soil samples were collected from three agricultural locations in Kentucky (Adair, Meade, and Franklin Counties), from areas where municipal SS was applied as a soil amendment for commercial crop production. The objectives of this investigation were to: 1) assess the impact of mixing native agricultural soil with municipal SS on the activities of the three enzymes that hydrolyze urea (urease, urea amidohydrolase, EC 3.5.1.5), sucrose (invertase, β-D-fructofuranosidase), and p-nitrophenyl phosphate (acid and alkaline phosphatase) and 2) determine total microbial activity using the fluorescein diacetate reagent. The concentrations of Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb, and C content in soil mixed with SS in Franklin location were greater compared to Adair and Meade locations. The elevated soil urease and invertase activities (47 and 89%, respectively) as well as acid and alkaline phosphatase activities (23 and 26%, respectively) in soil amended with SS provided evidence of increased soil microbial population and the enzymes they produce.
Keywords
Biosolids, Urease. Invertase, Phosphatase, Total Enzymes Activity, Soil Management Practice
To cite this article
George Fouad Antonious, Eric Todd Turley, Trace Elements Composition and Enzymes Activity of Soil Amended with Municipal Sewage Sludge at Three Locations in Kentucky, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2020, pp. 89-95. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20200605.11
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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