International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2020, Pages: 118-123
Received: Sep. 1, 2020;
Accepted: Sep. 19, 2020;
Published: Sep. 25, 2020
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Adhikarla Suryanarayana Rao, Department of Biotechnology, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
Total number of countries and territories together are put at 235. Apparently, single blanket recommendation is not possible but one has to think of custom made and tailored solutions/policies-country and territory wise- and within country and territory wise. “How many are to be fed” and “How many are needed to feed” ? How much land needs to be ear marked for agriculture and animal husbandry? Statistics must be viewed from all angles while framing policies Viz; Nature of political governance; Total land area; Nature of the varies types of land available; Climatic conditions; Total population; Population density; Food habits; Availability of resources for agriculture and animal husbandry and for otherwise living. An integrated approach of tailor made strategies, creating strong awareness, incentives and disincentives, due monitoring and follow up must be there. This is required particularly in highly populated regions of the world apart from thinking of different strategies to increase food production and ensure food security. As the system of governance varies with the country, measures and the manner and extent of their implementation can vary. Government should encourage expertise and invest money to develop better agricultural and animal husbandry production and food distribution and food security logistics. Plants can be exploited for needs other than food but food is the first requirement. Climate change, Global warming, Sustainability and Organic Agriculture are of considerable complexity, futuristic, considerable dualities, multifaceted and inter-related and requires a critical analysis. Past, present and future scenarios have to be duly appraised to people of respective countries by the respective Governments, UN and other International Organizations. Irrespective of the state of affairs, the following measures are definitely required Viz; population control, avoiding wars and social conflicts and political instability and clean and healthy and contented life styles. Due restraints need to be followed.
Adhikarla Suryanarayana Rao,
Holistic Appraisal of and Approaches to Agriculture and Food Policy, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2020, pp. 118-123.
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