Assessment of Disaster Impact on the Health of Women and Children
Journal of Health and Environmental Research
Volume 1, Issue 3, December 2015, Pages: 19-28
Received: Sep. 27, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 22, 2015; Published: Oct. 24, 2015
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Authors
AKM Abdul Ahad Biswas, Department of Disaster Risk Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
AKM Mostafa Zaman, Department of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Patuakhali science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Abdus Sattar, Department of Disaster Risk Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Shahidul Islam, PGD in Disaster Management Research Student, Faculty of Disaster Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Afjal Hossain, Department of Disaster Risk Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Faisal, Department of Resource Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
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Abstract
Disaster destroy local health systems and infrastructures; increase the potential risk for safe water, sanitation and diseases prevalence that may affect dreadfully the children’s and women’s rights to survive; to safety; to food and nutrition; to safe water, sanitation and hygiene; to health and to education. Such worst condition draw attention to scientists the need for understanding social, physical and health related vulnerabilities and capacities of children’s and women’s during and after disaster. These caused present field based assessment for impact of disaster on women and children living at Kalapara Upazila of Patuakhali district of Bangladesh. The semi-structured questionnaire survey for primary and secondary data collection and physical observation methods was followed to fulfill the objectives. Result showed that most of the women were illiterate; unemployed and more likely to be self-employed in housekeeping. They have no socially agreed right in decision making systems and suffer traditional gender based domination. Their lower economic and social status inclined them to be more vulnerable to gender sensitive disasters which are the regular phenomenon for the study area. Inside the shelter the children’s and women’s have limited space; basic needs provided were insufficient-- not ensured at both household and community level and the real situations were incidents of gender sensitive violence. The challenges to solve these problems are the integration of gender, women and child issues into disaster research, planning, and organizational practice as a pre-requisite for developing and delivering child and women centered DRR and CCA policy and programs.
Keywords
Capacity, Coping Strategy, Post Disaster, Vulnerability, Women
To cite this article
AKM Abdul Ahad Biswas, AKM Mostafa Zaman, Md. Abdus Sattar, Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Afjal Hossain, Md. Faisal, Assessment of Disaster Impact on the Health of Women and Children, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2015, pp. 19-28. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20150103.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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