Farm Level Pesticides Use in Patuakhali and Comilla Region of Bangladesh and Associated Health Risk
Journal of Health and Environmental Research
Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages: 20-26
Received: Sep. 10, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 19, 2016; Published: Nov. 2, 2016
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Authors
Md. Shariful Islam, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Shah Alam, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Nizam Uddin, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Abdullah Al Zabir, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Md. Shahidul Islam, Department of Post Harvest Technology, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Kazi Ariful Haque, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Shah Md. Ashraful Islam, Department of Plant Pathology, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
Sheikh Abdullah Al Mamun Hossain, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
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Abstract
A survey study was conducted among two hundred farmers from Patuakhali and Comilla district, Bangladesh to determine the farmers’ awareness about farm land pesticide application on major crops with beneficial and harmful effects, pesticide use trends in last five years (2011−2016), crop harvesting time after pesticide application, integrated pest management (IPM) with indigenous technology etc. determinants. Survey result showed that 82% of the farmers of Patuakhali cultivating local varieties of rice and used IPM with indigenous technology in addition with application of pesticides for pest management. Though these farmers did not use any pesticide in 2011 except carbofuran but in 2016, they are used various kinds of organocarbamate and organophosphate pesticides for controlling pest. On the other hand, farmers from Comilla regions increased their pesticide application three times during the last five years and used only piercing as an indigenous method for pest management. Pesticide application intensity (3/4/more times in a cropping season) higher in Comilla region compared to that of Patuakhali region. Vegetables harvesting time within 24 or 48 hrs after application of pesticides will be alarming for consumers due to toxicity development of pesticide residue. Application of pesticides more than the recommendation limits increasing the environmental, animal and human health risk at the studied area. It is concluded that effective implementation of government policy, continuous monitoring, increasing IPM practices, expansion of indigenous technologies and as a whole growing farmers’ awareness about the pesticide use are suggested for sustainable and quality crop production and healthy consumption.
Keywords
Crops, Environment, Farmer, Health, Pesticide
To cite this article
Md. Shariful Islam, Md. Shah Alam, Md. Nizam Uddin, Abdullah Al Zabir, Md. Shahidul Islam, Kazi Ariful Haque, Shah Md. Ashraful Islam, Sheikh Abdullah Al Mamun Hossain, Farm Level Pesticides Use in Patuakhali and Comilla Region of Bangladesh and Associated Health Risk, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2016, pp. 20-26. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20160204.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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