An Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Livelihood Patterns: A Case Study at Bakergonj Upazila, Barisal
Journal of Health and Environmental Research
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 42-50
Received: Mar. 13, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 21, 2017;
Published: May 19, 2017
Views 2350 Downloads 194
Md. Rasel Sheikh, Department of Disaster Resilience and Engineering, Faculty of Disaster Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Bangladesh
Tania Akter, Department of Disaster Resilience and Engineering, Faculty of Disaster Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Bangladesh
Follow on us
Climate change is contemporary global threat to the whole world especially in the coastal area like Bangladesh. This study intends to assess the impacts of climate change in livelihoods at Bakergonj Upazila under Barisal district. Questioner survey, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), Key Informant Interview (KII) were used for information collection, cross validation and verifications with secondary sources of information. The study reveals that livelihoods (Farmer, Fisherman, day labor, rickshaw puller, employee, etc.) were seriously affected by natural hazardous events like flood, cyclone, storm surge, densely fog, heavy rainfall and etc. and climate change increase the intensity and frequency of hazards which impacts on people and their livelihoods and beyond what they cannot cope with this harmful situation by their limited capacities. Income level of community people had decreased, so people were separating from their traditional occupation, and they were seeking alternative profession. This study used Leopold matrix to clearly identify climate change impact on livelihoods which is affected by various hazards and it’s seen in matrix that average impact value was 2.57483 above 5, but individually farmer, day labor were mostly affected by hazard events. Among all hazards flood, cyclone, storm surge attack more frequently and creates disastrous situation. So, it thus calls for intervention by Government and NGOs to rescue the vulnerable community from climate change impacts.
Climate Change, Hazard Event, Livelihoods, Community Capacity, Leopold Matrix
To cite this article
Md. Rasel Sheikh,
An Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Livelihood Patterns: A Case Study at Bakergonj Upazila, Barisal, Journal of Health and Environmental Research.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2017, pp. 42-50.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ALI, M. M. (2012) Impacts of Climate Change on Cropping Pattern in Coastal Region of Bangladesh: A Case Study of Sharankhola Upazila, Bagerhat. Ms. Thesis: Brac University: Bangladesh. p. 101-135.
CRATE, S. A., & NUTTALL, M. (2009) “Introduction: Anthropology and Climate Change” in Susan A. Crate and Mark Nutall (Eds.) Anthropology and Climate Change, Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
ELLIS, F. (1998) Livelihood Strategies and Rural Livelihood Diversification. Journal of Development Studies, 35 (1), p. 1-35.
HUQ, S. (2001) Climate change and Bangladesh. Science 294, 1617.
HUQ, S., & AYERS, J. (2008) Streamlining adaptation to climate change into development projects at the national and local level. In European Parliament (Ed.), Financing climate change policies in developing.
HUQ, S., & KHAN, M. (2006) Equity in national adaptation programs of action. In N. Adger, J. Paavola, S. Huq, & M. J. Mace (Ed.), Fairness in adaptation to climate change (pp. 131–153). Cambridge: MIT Press.
IPCC (2001) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Report edited by McCarthy J. J. et al., Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
IPCC (2007) Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPPC. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 869-883.
IPCC (2012) Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge, UK, and New York: Cambridge University Press.
RABBANI, G., RAHMAN, A., & MAINUDDIN, K. (2013) Salinity-induced loss and damage to farming households in coastal Bangladesh. International Journal on Global warming. 5 (4), p. 400-415.
RAHMAN, M. M. (2012) Enhancement of Resilience of Coastal Community in Bangladesh through Crop Diversification in Adaptation to Climate Change Impacts. BRAC University: Bangladesh. p. 15-50.
PIGUET, E. (2008) Climate Change and Forced Migration, New Issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 153, Geneva: UNHCR.