Required Withholding Period for Vine Leaves Following Spraying with Pesticide
Journal of Health and Environmental Research
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 140-152
Received: Oct. 25, 2018; Accepted: Nov. 10, 2018; Published: Dec. 17, 2018
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Britt Marianna Maestroni, Food and Environmental Protection Laboratory, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
Iyad Ghanem, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Syrian Arab Republic Atomic Energy Commission, Damascus, Syria
Raymond Correll, Biometry Hub, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
Amer Abu Alnaser, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Syrian Arab Republic Atomic Energy Commission, Damascus, Syria
Marivil Islam, Food and Environmental Protection Laboratory, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
Veronica Cesio, Grupo Analysis Contaminantes Trazas, University of the Republic, Montevideo, Uruguay
Horacio Heinzen, Grupo Analysis Contaminantes Trazas, University of the Republic, Montevideo, Uruguay
Andrew Cannavan, Food and Environmental Protection Laboratory, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
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Vine leaves are consumed in many countries but little attention is paid to the residues left on them after the application of pesticides that help prevent pests and protect the grapes, the economically important target. Therefore, it is of outmost importance to study the dissipation of the pesticides applied to this crop to protect the consumers that also eat vine leaves. Dissipation kinetics of chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, diazinon and dimethoate residues were studied in vine leaves grown under sunny conditions in Syria, using an ethyl acetate based sample preparation followed by GC-MS/MS determination. The dissipation rate for all doses applied followed first-order kinetics, with half-lives in grape leaves in the range of 2.9 – 3.9 days. At the recommended application dose, a withholding period of 8.9-37.1 days before consumption should be applied to meet current MRLs and minimise risks to consumers. The effectiveness in the reduction of pesticide loads in vine leaves through washing with either cold or hot water was dependant on the physicochemical properties of the studied pesticides. Hot water washing was very effective for dimethoate, a polar and water-soluble pesticide, with an effective reduction of 92% of the residue level; but no significant effect was observed for chlorpyrifos, the most apolar compound in this study.
Vine Leaves, Dissipation Kinetics, Half-Life, Withholding Period
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Britt Marianna Maestroni, Iyad Ghanem, Raymond Correll, Amer Abu Alnaser, Marivil Islam, Veronica Cesio, Horacio Heinzen, Andrew Cannavan, Required Withholding Period for Vine Leaves Following Spraying with Pesticide, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2018, pp. 140-152. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20180404.14
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