Responding to Climate Change: The Contribution of Maharishi Vedic Science
Journal of Health and Environmental Research
Volume 3, Issue 3-1, May 2017, Pages: 63-78
Received: Apr. 1, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 6, 2017; Published: Apr. 27, 2017
Views 2049      Downloads 104
Geoffrey Wells, Maharishi Vedic Science, Ethics and Sustainability, Maharishi Vedic Research Institute, Gold Coast, Australia; and University of South Australia Business School, Adelaide, Australia
Lee Fergusson, Maharishi Vedic Science and the Environment, Maharishi Vedic Research Institute, Gold Coast, Australia; and School of Business, Education, Law and the Arts, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
David Kettle, Urban Sustainability and Maharishi Vedic Science, Maharishi Vedic Research Institute, Auckland, New Zealand
Anna Bonshek, Art and Maharishi Vedic Science, Maharishi Vedic Research Institute, Gold Coast, Australia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The scope and reach of the climate change challenge is clearly unprecedented, as is its level of global urgency. We review the broad results of the scientific program associated with it. These results identify serious impacts on physical, biological, and human systems, as separate systems and as cascading through them. The global risks associated with these impacts are daunting. Modern analytic approaches to this order of complexity and uncertainty have so far made only a limited contribution to its understanding and resolution. In particular these approaches identify a crucial gap: the understanding and modelling of the whole, rather than the parts, of the system. We then advance the promise of Maharishi Vedic Science in providing this missing scientific knowledge, in principle and in practice. In particular we explore a model offered by Maharishi Vedic Science which describes eight levels of Natural Law to embrace all the complex diverse systems of which the global climate system is comprised. Further we review the technologies through which Maharishi Vedic Science offers to restore balance, integration and orderly growth to all systems from their foundation in the Unified Field of Natural Law. We outline the extensive scientific research program which has provided robust support for the predictions of Maharishi Vedic Science with respect to both individual and collective life; which extend, we suggest, to the global community and to the global challenge of climate change.
Climate Change, Global Climate Systems, Global Risks, Global System Cascades, Wicked Problems, Maharishi Vedic Science, Natural Law, Technologies of Maharishi Vedic Science
To cite this article
Geoffrey Wells, Lee Fergusson, David Kettle, Anna Bonshek, Responding to Climate Change: The Contribution of Maharishi Vedic Science, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Special Issue: Maharishi Vedic Science: Creating a Sustainable Future. Vol. 3, No. 3-1, 2017, pp. 63-78. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.s.2017030301.15
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Adger, W, J Barnett, F Chapin, and H Ellemor. 2011. “This Must Be The Place”: Underrepresentation of Identity and Meaning in Climate Change Decision-Making.” Global Environmental Politics 2 (May): 1–25.
Alexander C, M Rainforth, and P Gelderloos. 1991. “Transcendental Meditation, Self-Actualization, and Psychological Health: A Conceptual Overview and Statistical Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 6(5):189–247.
Alexander C, P Robinson, and M Rainforth. 1994. “Treating and Preventing Alcohol, Nicotine, and Drug Abuse Through Transcendental Meditation: A Review and Statistical Meta-Analysis.” Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11(1/2):13–87.
Anderson J, C Liu, and R Kryscio. 2008. “Blood Pressure Response to Transcendental Meditation: A Meta-Analysis.” American Journal of Hypertension 21(3):310–316.
Assimakis P, and M Dillbeck. 1995. “Time Series Analysis of Improved Quality of Life in Canada: Social Change, Collective Consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi Program.” Psychological Reports 1995 76(3):1171–1193.
Bakker, M, P Opdam, R Jongman, and A Van den Brink. 2015. “Model Explorations of Ecological Network Performance under Conditions of Global Change.” Landscape Ecology 30 (5): 763–70.
Balston, J, Iankov, I, Li S, Wells, G, Kellett, J, and Gray, A. 2012. “Quantifying the Cost of Climate Change Impacts on Local Government Assets.” National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast, Queensland.
Balston, J, Western, M, Kellett, J, Li, S, Wells, G, and Gray, A. 2012. “Climate Change Decision Support Framework and Software for Coast Councils.” Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, Canberra.
Box, G, G Jenkins, G Reinsel, and G Ljung. 2016. Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control. 5th edn. Hoboken NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Bradley, R. 2015. Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary. 3rd ed. Oxford, UK: Academic Press, Elsevier.
Byrd, K, L Flint, P Alvarez, C Casey, B Sleeter, C Soulard, A Flint, and T Sohl. 2015. “Integrated Climate and Land Use Change Scenarios for California Rangeland Ecosystem Services: Wildlife Habitat, Soil Carbon, and Water Supply.” Landscape Ecology 30 (4): 729–50.
Cameron, E, R Mearns, and J Tamalik McGrath. 2015. “Translating Climate Change: Adaptation, Resilience, and Climate Politics in Nunavut, Canada.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 105 (2): 274–83.
Cavanaugh K. “Time Series Analysis of US And Canadian Inflation And Unemployment: A Test Of A Field Theoretic Hypothesis.” Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Business and Economics Statistics Section (p. 799–804). Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association, 1987.
Churchman, C West. 1967. “Wicked Problems.” Management Science 14 (4): 141-42.
Committee on Climate Change. 2017. UK Climate Change Risk Assessment 2017. London.
Commonwealth of Australia. State of the Environment 2016. Department of Environment and Energy. Canberra.
Cooper, R, and T Shallice. 2010. “Cognitive Neuroscience: The Troubled Marriage of Cognitive Science and Neuroscience.” Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3): 398–406.
Cuevas, S. 2011. “Climate Change, Vulnerability, and Risk Linkages.” International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management 3 (1): 29–60.
Davies J, and C Alexander. 2005. “Alleviating Political Violence Through Reducing Collective Tension: Impact Assessment Analysis of The Lebanon War.” Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17(1): 285–338.
Dillbeck M, C Banus, C Polanzi, and G Landrith. 1988. “Test of a Field Model of Consciousness and Social Change: Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program and Decreased Urban Crime.” The Journal of Mind and Behavior 9(4): 457–486.
Dillbeck M. 1990. “Test of a Field Hypothesis of Consciousness and Social Change: Time Series Analysis of Participation in the TM-Sidhi Program and Reduction of Violent Death in The US.” Social Indicators Research 22(4): 399–418.
Eppley K, A Abrams, and J Shear. 1989. “Differential Effects of Relaxation Techniques on Trait Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Clinical Psychology 45(6): 957–974.
FAO. 2016a. “In Brief: Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.” The State of Food and Agriculture. Rome.
FAO 2016b. “Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.” The State of Food and Agriculture. Rome.
Fergusson, L. 2016. “An Annotated Historical Survey of 84 Publications by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi from 1957-2015.” International Journal of Current Research 9(2): 47009-47054.
Fergusson, L, D Kettle and G Wells. 2017, “Principles and Practice of Sustainability in Maharishi Vedic Science.” Journal of Health and Environmental Research (3) 3-1:1-15.
Fitz Gibbon, J, and K Mensah. 2012. “Climate Change as a Wicked Problem: An Evaluation of the Institutional Context for Rural Water Management in Ghana.” SAGE Open April-June (2): 1–14.
Flannery, T. 2005. The Weather Makers. Melbourne: The Text Publishing Company.
Flannery, T. 2015. Atmosphere of Hope: Searching for Solutions to the Climate Crisis. Melbourne: The Text Publishing Company.
Franklin, J, J Serra-Diaz, A Syphard, and H Regan. 2017. “Big Data for Forecasting the Impacts of Global Change on Plant Communities.” Global Ecology and Biogeography 26 (1): 6-17.
Fuente, A. 2007. “Climate Shocks and Their Impact on Assets.” UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world. New York: UNDP.
Garnaut, R. 2011. The Garnaut Review. Australia in the Global Response to Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gelderloos P, M Frid, P Goddard, X Xue, and S L?liger. 1988. “Creating World Peace Through The Collective Practice of The Maharishi Technology of The Unified Field: Improved US-Soviet Relations.” Social Science Perspectives Journal 2(4):80–94.
Gelderloos P, K Cavanaugh, and J Davies. 1990. “The Dynamics of US-Soviet Relations, 1979-1986: A Simultaneous Transfer Function Analysis of US-Soviet Relations. A Test of The Maharishi Effect.” Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Social Statistics Section (p. 297–302). Alexandria, Virginia: American Statistical Association.
Godfrey-Smith, P. 2003. Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hannah, L. 2011. Climate Change Biology. London: Academic Press.
Hansen, J. 2009. Storms of My Grandchildren: The Truth about the Coming Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity. New York, NY: Bloomsbury USA.
Head, Brian W. 2014. “Evidence, Uncertainty, and Wicked Problems in Climate Change Decision Making in Australia.” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 32 (4): 663–79.
Head, B, and J. Alford. 2015. “Wicked Problems: Implications for Public Policy and Management.” Administration & Society 47 (6) 711–39.
Heal, G, and B Kristrom. 2002. “Uncertainty and Climate Change.” SSRN Electronic Journal. New York. p.34.
Hempel, C. 1965. Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science. New York: Free Press.
Homer-Dixon, T, B Walker, R Biggs, C Folke, E Lambin, G Peterson, M Scheffer, W Steffen, and M Troell. 2015. “Synchronous Failure: The Emerging Causal Architecture of Global Crisis.” Ecology and Society 20 (3): 6.
Hughes, T, H Huang, and M Young. 2013. “The Wicked Problem of China’s Disappearing Coral Reefs.” Conservation Biology 27 (2): 261–69.
Incropera, F. 2015. Climate Change: A Wicked Problem: Complexity and Uncertainty at the Intersection of Science, Economics, Politics, and Human Behavior. New York: Cambridge University Press.
IPCC. 2014a. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Edited by C Field, V Barros, D Dokken, K Mach, M Mastrandrea, T Bilir, M Chatterjee, et al. Summary for Policymakers. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
IPCC. 2014b. Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Edited by R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer Core Writing Team. Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC.
James, S. 1989 “The Application of Maharishi's Vedic Science to Agriculture as a Solution to the Problem Of Pesticides”. Journal of Modern Science and Vedic Science. (3) 2: 200-205.
Jansson, R, C Nilsson, E Keskitalo, T Vlasova, M Sutinen, J Moen, F Chapin III, et al. 2015. “Future Changes in the Supply of Goods and Services from Natural Ecosystems: Prospects for the European North.” Ecology and Society 20 (3): 32.
Jantz, S, B Barker, TBrooks, L Chini, Q Huang, R Moore, J Noel, and G Hurtt. 2015. “Future Habitat Loss and Extinctions Driven by Land-Use Change in Biodiversity Hotspots under Four Scenarios of Climate-Change Mitigation.” Conservation Biology 29 (4): 1122–31.
Johnson, F, M Eaton, G. McMahon, R. Nilius, M Bryant, D Case, J Martin, N Wood, and L Taylor. 2015. “Global Change and Conservation Triage on National Wildlife Refuges.” Ecology and Society 20 (4): 14.
Klein, N. 2014. This Changes Everything. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Lacey, J, S Howden, C Cvitanovic, and A Dowd. 2015. “Informed Adaptation: Ethical Considerations for Adaptation Researchers and Decision-Makers.” Global Environmental Change 32: 200–210.
Luber, G, and M McGeehin. 2008. “Climate Change and Extreme Heat Events.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 35 (5): 429–35.
Lakatos, I, J Worrall, and G Currie. 1980. The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lee, J, R Maggini, M Taylor, and R Fuller. 2015. “Mapping the Drivers of Climate Change Vulnerability for Australia’s Threatened Species.” Plos One 10: e0124766.
Macintosh, A, A Foerster, and J McDonald. 2014. “Policy Design, Spatial Planning and Climate Change Adaptation: A Case Study from Australia.” Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, no. October 2014 (July): 1–22.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi 1967 (1969), On the Bhagavad-Gita: A New Translation And Commentary, Penguin Books, UK, p.471.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi 1995a, Maharishi Vedic University: Introduction, Maharishi Vedic University Press, Holland.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi 1995b, Maharishi University Of Management: Wholeness on the Move, Maharishi Prakashan, India.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi 1995c, Maharishi’s Absolute Theory of Government: Automation in Administration, Maharishi Prakashan, India
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi 1996, Maharishi’s Absolute Theory of Defence: Sovereignty in Invincibility, Maharishi Vedic University, India.
Martin, S. 2015. “Indigenous Social and Economic Adaptations in Northern Alaska as Measures.” Ecology and Society 20 (4): 8.
Mazmanian, D, J Jurewitz, and H Nelson. 2013. “A Governing Framework for Climate Change Adaptation in the Built Environment.” Ecology and Society 18 (4).
Mbow, C, M Noordwijk, E Luedeling, H Neufeldt, P Minang, and G Kowero. 2014. “Agroforestry Solutions to Address Food Security and Climate Change Challenges in Africa.” Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 6 (1).
Meadows, D H, D L Meadows, J Randers, and W Behrens. 1972. The Limits to Growth: A Report for the Club of Rome’s Project on the Predicament of Mankind. New York: Earth Island, Universe Books.
Meadows, D H, D L Meadows, and J Randers. 1992. Beyond the Limits to Growth: Global Collapse or Sustainable Future. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd.
Meadows, D H, D L Meadows, and J Randers. 2005. Limits to Growth: The 30-Year Update. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd.
Mees, H, J Dijk, D van Soest, P Driessen, M van Rijswick, and H Runhaar. 2014. “A Method for the Deliberate and Deliberative Selection of Policy Instrument Mixes for Climate Change Adaptation.” Ecology and Society 19 (2): 58.
Mitchell, M. 2009. Complexity: A Guided Tour. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Moser, S, S J Williams, and D Boesch. 2012. “Wicked Challenges at Land’s End: Managing Coastal Vulnerability Under Climate Change.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 37 (1): 51–78.
New, M, and M Hulme. 2000. “Representing Uncertainty in Climate Change Scenarios: A Monte-Carlo Approach.” Integrated Assessment 1: 203–13.
Nicotra, A, E Beever, A Robertson, G Hofmann, and J O’Leary. 2015. “Assessing the Components of Adaptive Capacity to Improve Conservation and Management Efforts under Global Change.” Conservation Biology 29 (5): 1268–78.
Oakes, L, N Ardoin, and E Lambin. 2016. “‘I Know, Therefore I Adapt’?” Complexities of Individual Adaptation to Climate-Induced Forest Dieback in Alaska.” Ecology and Society 21 (2): 40.
Orme-Johnson DW, M Dillbeck, and C Alexander. “Preventing Terrorism and International Conflict: Effects Of Large Assemblies Of Participants In The Transcendental Meditation And TM-Sidhi Programs.” Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2003 36(1-4):283–302.
Orme-Johnson, D and R Orme-Johnson. 2010. “Summary of Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program”, Appendix in Orme-Johnson, R & S Anderson, S. eds. 2010. The Flow of Consciousness: Maharishi Mahesh Yogi on Literature and Language 1971 to 1976. Maharishi University of Management Press, Fairfield, IA; reprinted and edited by Fergusson, L and A Bonshek eds. 2015 The Unmanifest Canvas: Maharishi Mahesh Yogi on Art, Creativity, and Perception, Appendix II. Maharishi University of Management Press, Fairfield, IA.
Osberghaus, D, and C Reif. 2010. “Total Costs and Budgetary Effects of Adaptation to Climate Change: An Assessment for the European Union.” 3143. Change. Category 10: Energy and Climate Economics. Munich.
Pearson, C. 2002. The Complete Book of Yogic Flying: Maharishi Mahesh Yogi’s Program for Enlightenment and Invincibility, MUM Press, Fairfield, Iowa
Perry, J. 2015. “Climate Change Adaptation in the World’s Best Places: A Wicked Problem in Need of Immediate Attention.” Landscape and Urban Planning.
Pettit, N, R Naiman, J Fry, J D Roberts, P Close, B Pusey, G Woodall, et al. 2015. “Environmental Change: Prospects for Conservation and Agriculture in a Southwest Australia Biodiversity Hotspot.” Ecology and Society 20 (3): 10.
Popper, K. 1959. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson & Co.
Popper, K. 1969. Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. 3rd (revis. London: Routledge & K. Paul.
Post, E, and S Frank. 2014. “Addressing New Challenges in Climate Change Research by Highlighting Biological Complexity.” Climate Change Responses 1 (1): 1–3.
Rainforth M, R Schneider, S Nidich, C Gaylord-King, J Salerno, and Anderson J. Stress Reduction Programs in Patients with Elevated Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 2007 9(6):520–528.
Reside, A, J Welbergen, B Phillips, G Wardell-Johnson, G Keppel, S Ferrier, S Williams, and J Vanderwal. 2014. “Characteristics of Climate Change Refugia for Australian Biodiversity.” Austral Ecology.
Rockstrom, J. 2009. “A Safe Operating Space for Humanity.” Nature 461: 472–75.
Rohr, J, A Dobson, P Johnson, A Kilpatrick, S Paull, T Raffel, D Ruiz-Moreno, and M Thomas. 2011. “Frontiers in Climate Change-Disease Research.” Trends in Ecology and Evolution.
Rosenberg, A and D Mcshea 2008. Philosophy of Biology. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.
Scheffers, B, L DeMeester, T Bridge, A Hoffmann, J Pandolfi, R Corlett, S Butchart, et al. 2016. “The Broad Footprint of Climate Change from Genes to Biomes to People.” Science (New York, N. Y.) 354 (November): 719–31.
Schellnhuber, H, K Frieler, and P Kabat. 2013. “The Elephant, the Blind, and the Intersectoral Intercomparison of Climate Impacts.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111 (9): 1–3.
Schuur, E, A McGuire, G Grosse, J Harden, D Hayes, G Hugelius, C Koven, and P Kuhry. 2015. “Climate Change and the Permafrost Carbon Feedback.” Nature 520 (January 2016): 171–79.
Seddon, A, M Macias-Fauria, P Long, D Benz, and K Willis. 2016. “Sensitivity of Global Terrestrial Ecosystems to Climate Variability.” Nature 531 (7593).
Sperling, F, and F Szekely. 2005. “Disaster Risk Management in a Changing Climate.” In World Conference on Disaster Reduction, UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Bonn. Washington, DC: UN Vulnerability and Adaptation Resource Group.
Steffen, W. 2009. Australia’s Biodiversity and Climate Change. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.
Steffen, W, K Richardson, J Rockstr?m, Sarah C, I Fetzer, E Bennett, R Biggs, and S Carpenter. 2015. “Planetary Boundaries: Guiding Human Development on a Changing Planet.” Science 348 (6240).
Stern, N. 2008. “The Economics of Climate Change.” American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings 98 (2): 1–37.
Stern, N. 2013. “The Structure of Economic Modeling of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change: Grafting Gross Underestimation of Risk onto Already Narrow Science Models.” Journal of Economic Literature 51 (3): 838–59.
Stern, N. 2014. Ethics, Equity and the Economics of Climate Change Paper 1: Science and Philosophy. Economics and Philosophy. Vol. 30.
Stern, N. 2015. “Economic Development, Climate and Values: Making Policy.” Proceedings. Biological Sciences, The Royal Society 282: 20150820.
Stern, N. 2016. “Current Climate Models Are Grossly Misleading.” Nature 530: 407–9.
Tejo, M, S Niklitschek-Soto, C Vásquez, and P Marquet. 2016. “Single Species Dynamics Under Climate Change.”SFI Working Paper, No. 2016-12–26. Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM.
UNEP. 2002. Climate Change and the Financial Services Industry: Module 2. Framework, accessed March 30, 2017,
UNEP. 2017a. “Current State of the Ozone Layer”, United States Environmental Protection Agency, accessed March 30, 2017,
UNEP. 2017b. “The Montreal Protocol on Substances the Deplete the Ozone Layer”, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Ozone Secretariat, accessed March 30, 2017,
Van Bodegom, P, J Douma, and L Verheijen. 2014. “A Fully Traits-Based Approach to Modeling Global Vegetation Distribution.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111 (38): 13733–38.
Vonk, J, S Tank, W Bowden, I Laurion, W Vincent, P Alekseychik, M Amyot, et al. 2015. “Reviews and Syntheses: Effects of Permafrost Thaw on Arctic Aquatic Ecosystems.” Biogeosciences 12 (23).
Wilson, P, L Dell, and G Anderson. 1993. Root Cause Analysis: A Tool for Total Quality Management. Milwaukee, WI: ASQ Quality Press.
Wiseman, N, and D Bardsley. 2013. “Climate Change and Indigenous Natural Resource Management: A Review of Socio-Ecological Interactions in the Alinytjara Wilurara NRM Region.” Local Environment 18 (9): 1024–45.
World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST). 2005. The Precautionary Principle. Paris.
World Meteorological Organization. 2017. Provisional Statement on the Status of the Global Climate in 2016. Geneva, Switzerland.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186