Please enter verification code
A Short-Term Study on Heavy Metal Concentrations in Gill, Kidney, Liver, Muscle and Skin Tissues of Silurus glanis L., 1758 from Çamlıgöze Dam Lake, Sivas, Turkey
Journal of Health and Environmental Research
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 37-41
Received: Mar. 10, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 14, 2017; Published: Apr. 26, 2017
Views 2696      Downloads 170
Seher Dirican, Department of Fisheries, Suşehri Timur Karabal Vocational Training School, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey
Article Tools
Follow on us
The concentrations of heavy metals (Ag, Cd, Cu, Fe, Pb) were analyzed in gill, kidney, liver, muscle and skin tissues of Silurus glanis L., 1758 from Çamlıgöze Dam Lake located at Central Anatolian region of Turkey. The heavy metal analysis of samples was carried out by using a flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Ag, Cd and Cu were found in all of the examined tissues. Fe and Pb were not determined in all tissues studied. The mean concentrations of heavy metals in all of the examined tissues of S. glanis were as follows; Ag: 0.038±0.014–0.157±0.163, Cd: 0.016±0.001–0.020±0.001 and Cu: 0.045±0.001–0.346±0.434 µg/g. The obtained results were compared in terms of national limit values, international consumed and standard values. The concentrations of the tested heavy metals were within the acceptable standards.
Bioaccumulation, Heavy Metals, Silurus glanis, Çamlıgöze Dam Lake
To cite this article
Seher Dirican, A Short-Term Study on Heavy Metal Concentrations in Gill, Kidney, Liver, Muscle and Skin Tissues of Silurus glanis L., 1758 from Çamlıgöze Dam Lake, Sivas, Turkey, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2017, pp. 37-41. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20170302.14
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Damian, E. C., Afulenu, N. L., Obinna, O. M. and Ndidi, O. C. 2014. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish sourced from environmentally stressed axis of River Niger: Threat to ecosystem and public health. International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, 2 (4): 126-131. DOI: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20140204.11.
Bhuyan, M. S., Bakar, M. A., Islam, M. S. and Akhtar, A. 2016. Heavy metals status in some commercially important fishes of Meghna River adjacent to Narsingdi District, Bangladesh: Health risk assessment. American Journal of Life Sciences, 4 (2): 60-70. DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.20160402.17.
Bora, N. D. and Gül, A. 2004. Feeding biology of Silurus glanis (L., 1758) living in Hirfanlı Dam Lake. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 28: 471-479.
Alp, A., Kara, C., Üçkardeş, F., Carol, J. and Garcia-Berthou, E. 2011. Age and growth of the European catfish (Silurus glanis) in a Turkish Reservoir and comparison with introduced populations. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 21: 283–294. DOI: 10.1007/s11160-010-9168-4.
Squadrone, S., Prearo, M., Brizio, P., Gavinelli, S., Pellegrino, M., Scanzio, T., Guarise, S., Benedetto, A. and Abete, M. C. 2013. Heavy metals distribution in muscle, liver, kidney and gill of European catfish (Silurus glanis) from Italian Rivers. Chemosphere, 90: 358–365.
Dirican, S., Çilek, S., Çiftçi, H., Bıyıkoğlu, M., Karaçınar, S. and Yokuş, A. 2013. Preliminary study on heavy metal concentrations of Anatolian Khramulya, Capoeta tinca (Heckel, 1843) from Çamlıgöze Dam Lake, Sivas, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 11 (7): DOI: 10.1186/2052-336X-11-7.
Çalta, M., Canpolat, O. and Nacar, A. 2000. Determining the level of some heavy metals of Capoeta trutta (Heckel, 1843) caught in Elazığ Keban Dam Lake. (in Turkish), Eastern Anatolia Region IV. Symposium of Fisheries, Erzurum, Turkey, 799–811.
Çalta, M. and Canpolat, O. 2006. The comparison of three Cyprinid species in terms of heavy metals accumulation in some tissues. Water Environment Research, 78 (5): 548–551.
Alam, M. G. M., Tanaka, A., Allinson, G., Laurenson, L. J. B., Stagnitti, F. and Snow, E. 2002. A comparison of trace element concentrations in cultured and wild carp (Cyprinus carpio) of Lake Kasumigaura, Japan. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 53: 348–354.
Campbell, K. R. 1995. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish living in stormwater treatment ponds, St. Johns River Water Management District Palatka, Florida, Technical Publication SJ95–1, 100 pp.
Dirican, S., Çilek, S., Çiftçi, H., Bıyıkoğlu, M., Karaçınar, S. and Yokuş, A. 2015. Studies on copper, silver and zinc concentrations in muscle and liver of Barbus plebejus, Cyprinus carpio and Leuciscus cephalus from Kılıçkaya Reservoir in Turkey. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 49 (1): 55–58. DOI: 10.5958/0976–0555.2015.00012.6.
Karadede, H., Oymak, S. A. and Ünlü, E. 2004. Heavy metals in mullet, Liza abu, and catfish, Silurus triostegus, from the Atatürk Dam Lake (Euphrates), Turkey. Environment International, 30: 183–188. DOI: 10.1016/S0160-4120(03) 00169-7.
Jovicic, K., Dragica, M. N., Visnjic-Jeftic, Z., Dikanovic, V., Skoric, S., Stefanovic, S. M., Lenhardt, M., Hegedis, A., Krpo-Cetkovic, J. and Jaric, I. 2015. Mapping differential elemental accumulation in fish tissues: assessment of metal and trace element concentrations in wels catfish (Silurus glanis) from the Danube River by ICP-MS. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22: 3820–3827. DOI: 10.1007/s11356 -014-3636-7.
Ivanovic, J., Janjic, J., Baltic, M., Milanov, R., Boskovic, M., Radmila V. Markovic, R. V. and Glamoclija, N. 2016. Metal concentrations in water, sediment and three fish species from the Danube River, Serbia: a cause for environmental concern. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23: 17105–17112. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-6875-y.
Milanov, R., Krstic, P. M., Markovic, V. R., Jovanovic, A. D., Baltic, M. B. Ivanovic, J., Jovetic, M. and Baltic, Z. M. 2016. Analysis of heavy metals concentration in tissues of three different fish species included in human diet from Danube River. Acta Veterinaria, 66: (1): 89-102. DOI: 10.1515/acve -2016-0007.
MFR, 1985. Malaysian Food Regulation, Malaysian law on food and drugs. Malaysian Law Publishers, Malaysia.
HKEPD, 1987. Marine water quality in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department, Government Printer, Hong Kong.
USFDA., 1993. Guidance documents for trace elements in seafood. United States Food and Drug Administration, Washington DC, USA.
Mendil, D. and Uluözlü, O. D. 2007. Determination of trace metal levels in sediment and five fish species from lakes in Tokat, Turkey. Food Chemistry, 101: 739–745.
Ali, A., Ahmadou, D., Mohamadou, B. A., Saidou, C. and Tenin, D. 2010. Determination of minerals and heavy metals in water, sediments and three fish species (Tilapia nilotica, Silurus glanis and Arius parkii) from Ladgo Lake, Cameroun. Journal of Fisheries International, 5(3): 54-57.
Küpeli, T., Altundağ, H. and İmamoğlu, M. 2014. Assessment of trace element levels in muscle tissues of fish species collected from a river, stream, lake, and sea in Sakarya, Turkey. Scientific World Journal, 1-7. DOI: 10.1155/2014/496107.
Lenhardt, M., Jaric, I., Visnjic-Jeftic, Z., Skoric, C., Gacic, Z. Pucar, M. and Hegedis, A. 2012. Concentrations of 17 elements in muscle, gills, liver and gonads of five economically important fish species from the Danube River. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 407: 1-9. DOI: 10.1051/ kmae/2012028.
FAO/WHO, 1989. Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants mercury, lead and cadmium. WHO Technical Report Series No: 505.
WHO, 1993. World Health Organization, Forty-first Report of the Join Expert Committee on Food Additives (JEFCA). Technical Report Series, No: 837, 53 pp.
ITS, 2000. Institute of Turkish Standards for Food. The Ministry of the Agriculture of Turkey, Report 5.
Usero, J., Izquierdo, C., Morillo, J. and Gracia, I. 2003. Heavy metals in fish (Solea vulgaris, Anguilla anguilla and Liza aurata) from salt marshes on the southern Atlantic Coast of Spain. Environment International, 1069: 1–8.
Demirak, A., Yılmaz, F., Tuna, A. L. and Özdemir, N. 2006. Heavy metals in water, sediment and tissues of Leuciscus cephalus from a stream in southwestern Turkey. Chemosphere, 63: 1451–1458. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.09.033.
TFC, 2002. Turkish Food Codes, Official Gazette, 23 September 2002, No: 24885.
Papagiannis, I., Kagalou, I., Leonardos, J., Petridis, D. and Kalfakakou, V. 2004. Copper and zinc in four freshwater fish Species from Lake Pamvotis (Greece). Environment International, 30: 357–362.
Yılmaz, F., Özdemir, N., Demirak, A. and Tuna, A. L. 2007. Heavy metal levels in two fish species Leuciscus cephalus and Lepomis gibbosus. Food Chemistry, 100(2): 830–835. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.09.020.
EC, 2001. European Community, Commission regulation as regards heavy metals. Directive 2001/22/EC. No: 466/2001 of 8 March 2001.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186