Please enter verification code
Study of Using Monogenea Parasites on Free – Living Fishes in the Lake of 16 Tishreen Dam as Bio Indicators of Environment Pollution
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science
Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2015, Pages: 15-22
Received: Aug. 10, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 19, 2015; Published: Sep. 2, 2015
Views 6048      Downloads 198
Amal Ibrahim Dayoub, Environmental Prevention Department, Higher Institute for Environmental Research, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria
Hassan Mohamed Salman, Zoology Department, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria
Article Tools
Follow on us
The aim of the study was to develop a data base about the water quality in the Lake of 16 Tishreen Dam through, study was performed to determine of non biotic factors values of water in Lake and infecting Free- Living fishes with monogenea parasites, and finding a relationship between parasites distribution and environmental conditions changing. 144 Free – living fishes were examined for detecting the infection with parasitic monogenea, and determine their distribution rate. Fishes were collected randomly once a month, during the period from 12/2012 until 11/2013. Collected fishes samples were belonged to the following species: Cyprinus carpio L., Varicorhinus damascinus, Garra rufa, Tilapia zillii, and Liza abu. T. zillii was the most prevalent one. Fishes were infected with monogenea- parasites, 6 species were isolated and classified. they belonged to four Genera, they were: D. lenkorani, D.extensus belong to the Genus (Dactylogyrus SP.), two species of (Gyrodactylus sp.) are:G. Medius and G. Mugilis, and one species of Cichlidogyrus sp. C. sclerosus, and one species of Microcotyle Sp. Isolated parasitic species were recorded for the first time on the free - living freshwater fishes in the lake of 16 Tishreen dam, while by four species of them were recorded for the first time in Syria :( D. lenkorani, G. mugilis, C. sclerosus, Microcotyle.sp ) in this study. Monogenic Parasites showed high specificity to the host, and infected organ. General rate of infection with monogenic - parasites was 27.1%. Varicorhinus damascinus was more infected than Tilapia Zillii in rate 35.71%, 28.72%. respectively the highest infection rate with monogenic on free living fishes was recorded in summer (High temperature and low concentration of dissolved oxygen, and slightly higher value of BOD). Study showed that the lake of 16 Tishreen Dam was relatively clean. Cichlidogyrus sclerosus was the most important monogenic parasites used as bio indicator of environmental pollution in the lake.
Bio Indicators, Environmental Pollution, Free -Living Fishes, Lake of 16 Tishreen Dam, Parasitic Monogenea
To cite this article
Amal Ibrahim Dayoub, Hassan Mohamed Salman, Study of Using Monogenea Parasites on Free – Living Fishes in the Lake of 16 Tishreen Dam as Bio Indicators of Environment Pollution, International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2015, pp. 15-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbecs.20150101.13
A. Al-SAMMAN, ˮ Incidence of monogenean species on the gill of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) collected from Hungarian and syrian fish farmˮ, university of agricultural scinces, Debrecen. Hungary, 1989, PP: 45-49.
A. DAYOUB; A. Al- SAMMAN; H. SALMMAN,ˮ Gyrodactylus worms parasitizing on Carp fish in Al-sinn farmˮ, Tishreen University Journal for studies and scientific research – Basic Science series vol (25),No (13),2003, pp. 146-157.
A. DAYOUB; H. SALMMAN, ˮ A study on carp infection daynamics by the worm (Dctylogyrus) In Al – Sinn fish farmˮ, Tishreen University, Journal for studies and scientific research – Basic Science series vol (24),No (12),2002, pp. 160-172.
A. DAYOUB; K, MOLNAR; H. SALMAN; A, Al-SAMMAN; Cs.SZEKELY, ˮ Myxobolus infections of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio) In Syrian Fish Farmsˮ, Acta veterinaria Hungarica 55 (4), 2007, PP. 501- 509.
A. BICHI AND M.M. IBRAHIM, ˮ Variation in parasite in infracommunies of Tilapia zillii in realation to some biotic and abiotic factorsˮ, Infernational Journal of zoological research, 8(2),2012, PP.59- 70.
A. MOLES AND T. L. WADE, ˮ Parasitism and phagogytic function among sand lance Ammodytes hexapterus Pallas exposed to crude oil-laden sedimentsˮ. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2001, 66: 528–535.
A. PARISELLE and L. EUZET, ˮ Four new species of Cichlidogyrus ( Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae), gill parasites of Tilapia cabrae( Teleostei: Cichlidae), With discussion on relative length of haptoral scleritesˮ, Folia parasitological, 50:195-201,2003.
A. PARISELLE and L. EUZET, ˮ Cichlidogyrus Paperna,1960 (Monogenea,Ancyrocephalidae): gill parasites from west African Cichlidae of the subgenus coptodan Regan, 1920(Pisces), With descriptions of Six new Speciesˮ, Syst. Parasitol. 34, 1996,pp. 109-124.
A. V. GUSSEV, ˮ Key of freshwater fish parasites,Institute of Zoologyˮ, Academy of Science, Section II,Leningrad,USSR,1985,PP.425.
B.SURES, Environmental Parasitology : relevancy of Parasites in monitoring environmental PoIIutionˮ, Trends in Parasitology 2004, 20 : 170-177.
C. SANCHEZ-RAMIREZ, ˮ Aspectos biolo´gicos de la tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus y poblacionales del monogeneo Cichlidogyrus sclerosus como indicadores de contaminacio´n quı´mica en un ambiente lagunar tropicalˮ. Ph.D. Thesis. CINVESTAV-IPN, Unidad Merida, Mexico. 2007, pp.157.
D. J. MARCOGLIESE, ˮ Parasites of the super organism: are the indicators of ecosystem healthˮ, International Journal for parasitology 2005, 35: 705- 716.
E.J. NOGA, ˮ Fish Disease- Diagnosis and treatmentˮ, Iowa book. Mosby- year State University pres, 1996, pp. 367.
E.SOYLU, B. RUZGAR, M.SAYLU, ˮ Seasonal dynamics and Spatial distribution of Dactylogyrus Crucifer Wagener, 1857 on The gills of roach ( Rutilus Rulilus )from lake Spancaˮ, Turkey, 200L, 34,2010,PP. 393 -398.
F. THOMAS, F. RENAUD, J. f. GUEGAN, ˮ Parasitism and ecosystems. Oxford university pressˮ, Inc; New York, 2005, PP. 221.
G. SANCHEZ- RAMIREZ, V.M. VIDAL – MARTINEZ, M.L. Aguirre- Macedo, R.P. Rodriguez- Canul, G. Gold- Bouchot, B.Sure, ˮ Cichlidogyrus sclerosus (Monogenea:Ancyrocephalinae)and its Host,The nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), As bioindicators of chemical pollutionˮ, J. parasitol; 93(5), 2007, PP.1097- 1106,.
H. H. WILLIAMS, and K. MACKENZIEK, ˮ Marine parasites as pollution indicatorsˮ, An update. Parasitology 126(Suppl.): 2003, PP. S27- S41.
H. SALMMAN, ˮ Contribution to the study of some parasitic Ciliata Types (Protozoa) in Carp fish (Cyprinus carpio L.) in AL-Sinn Fish farmˮ, Tishreen University Journal for studies and scientific research – Basic Science series vol (26),No (3),2004,112-121pp.
I. E. BYKHOVSKAYA -PAVLOVSKAYA;GUSEV, A. V; M.N.DUBININA; N. A. IZYUMOVA; T. S. SMIMOVA; I. L. SOKOLOVKAYA; G. A. SHTEIN; S. S. R. SHULMAN; S. AKAD. NauK-, ˮ Key to the parasites of freshwater fishˮ, S. S. R., Moscow :1962. pp. 727 (In Russian).
K. N. ABDUL – AMEER, ˮ The first record of two Species of Dactylogyrus ( Manogenetic Trematodes ) in Iraq From Diyala River Fishesˮ, Diyala Pravince, IBN AL – Haitham,J. For Pure & APPle. SCi, V.23 (3 ), 2010.
L. Margolis; G.W. Esch; J.C. Holmes; A.M. Kuris, and G.A. Schad, ˮ The use of ecological terms in parasitology (Report of an ad hoc committee of the American Society of Parasitologistsˮ), J. Parasitol., 1982, 68(1): PP.131-133.
L. POUYAUD, E. DESMARAIS, M. DEVENEY, A.PARISELLE, ˮ Phylogenetic relation ships among monogenean gill parasites (Dactylogyridea, Ancyrocephalidae) infesting tilapine hosts (Cichlidae): Systematic and evolutionary implicationsˮ, Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 38(2006): PP. 241- 249.
M. A. El-SEIFY; M.S. ZAKI; Y. ABDEL RAZEK; H.H. ABBAS; O.K. ABDEL -HADY; A.A. ABOU ZAID, ˮ Seasonal variations and prevalence of some external parasites affecting freshwater fishes reared at Upper Egyptˮ, Life Science Journal, 8(3), 2011.
M. M. Zidan. Prevalence of parasitic worms on common carp fish in Al- assad Lake in Syria, Master thesis, Science faculty, Aleppo UNI.2000,PP.175.
M. T. Pietrock, and D. J. Marcogliese. Free – living endohelminth stage: at mercy of environmental conditions, Trends in parasitology 2003.19: 293 – 299.
R. A. KHAN, and J. F. PAYNE, ˮ Comparative Study of oil will drill Cuttings and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on parasitism in winter Flounder: A dose response study ˮ, Bulletin of environmental contamination and Toxicology, 2004, 73:PP. 652- 658.
R. A. Khan, and J. Thulin, ˮ Influence of Pollution on parasites of aquatic animals. Advaces in parasitology ˮ 1991, 30, PP. 201 – 238.
W. C. BECHMAN, ˮ The freshwater fishes of Syria and their general biology and managementˮ. FAO FISH. BIOL. Tech.Pap, (8): 1962, PP 297.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186