Prospect of Sub-Saharan African Agriculture Amid Climate Change: A Review of Relevant Literatures
International Journal of Sustainability Management and Information Technologies
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 20-27
Received: May 1, 2017;
Accepted: May 18, 2017;
Published: Jun. 5, 2017
Views 1312 Downloads 77
Musa Junaidu, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Federal University, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina, Nigeria
Abdullahi Abubakar Ngaski, Department of Agricultural Economics, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Beli Sanusi Abdullahi, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Federal University, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina, Nigeria
Sub-Saharan Africa is an important world region in terms of food and feed production. However, climate change is becoming more and more serious threat to agricultural production in the region. Various and relevant literatures were contacted aimed at finding the impacts, causes and possible solution to the threat of climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Declining agricultural productivity and farm incomes, occurrence of extreme weather conditions, soil degradation and proliferation of pests and diseases were some of the impacts of the Change. Deforestation, transportation, power generation, burning of fuel, poverty and agricultural practices were among the causes of climate change in the region. Poverty alleviation, adequate mitigation and adaptation campaigns, afforestation and incorporation of climate change into long-term developmental programs were some of the possible ways of dealing with climate change threat in the region. It is recommended that apart from provision of alternative sources of fuel, governments should also create job opportunities in the region as well as ensuring that fallen trees are replaced.
Abdullahi Abubakar Ngaski,
Beli Sanusi Abdullahi,
Prospect of Sub-Saharan African Agriculture Amid Climate Change: A Review of Relevant Literatures, International Journal of Sustainability Management and Information Technologies.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2017, pp. 20-27.
Adams, R. M., Hurd B. H., Lenhart S. and Leary, N. (1998). Effects of global climate change on agriculture: An interpretative review. Climate research, 11: 19–30.
Asfaw, S. and Lipper, L. (2011). Economics of PGRFA management for adaptation to climate change: A review of selected literature. Background study paper, no. 60. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/docrep/meeting/023/mb695e.pdf.
Chijioke, B. O., Haile, H. and Waschkeit, C. (2011). Implication of climate change on crop yield and food accessibility in Sub-Saharan Africa. Retrievedfrom http://www.zef.de/fileadmin/downloads/forum/docprog/Termpapers/2011_1_Oyiga__H aile_Waschkeit.pdf.
Cooper, P. J. M., Stern, R. D., Noguer, M. and Gathenya, J. M. (2013). Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa: Foundations for the Future. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/55133.
Cunningham, M. (2010). Deforestation and povertyin Sub-Saharan Africa.Retrieved from http://www4.ncsu.edu/~mtcunnin/World%20Forestry/.
Dube, T. and Phiri, K. (2013). Rural livelihoods under stress: The impact of climate change on livelihoods in South Western Zimbabwe. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 3(5): 11 – 25.
Ecolife (2011). Definition of climate change. Retrieved from http://www.ecolife.com/define/climate-change.html.
Food and Agricultural Organization (2009). Climate change in Africa: The threat to agriculture. Retrieved from http://ecoagriculture.org/wpcontent/uploads/sites /3/2016/08 /ClimateChangeinAfrica_FAO.pdf.
Gemeda, O. D. and Sima, D. A. (2015). Theimpacts of climate change on African continent and the way forward. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 7 (10): 256 – 262.
Rosegrant, M.W., Ewing, M., Yohe, G., Burton, I., Huq, S., & Valmonte–Santos. R. (2008).Climate change and agriculture. Retrieved from http://ccsl.iccip.net/gtz_climatechange-agriculture.pdf.
International Funds for Agricultural Development (2011). Conference on new directions for smallholder agriculture, 24-25 January 2011, Rome, IFAD. Retrieved from http://www.ifad.org/events/agriculture/doc/proceedings.pdf.
Isingoma, B. J. (2009). Climate Change and energy in Africa. In Besada, H. and Sewankambo, K. N. (eds). Climate Change in Africa: Adaptation, Mitigation and Governance Challenges. CIGI Special Report, p. 36 – 40.
New World Encyclopedia (2015). Sub-Saharan Africa. Retrieved from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Sub-Saharan_Africa.
Nwuneli, N. (2011). A look at agriculture and agribusiness in Nigeria. Retrieved from http://www.inter-reseaux.org/publications/revue-grain-de-sel/51-special-issue-nigeria/article/a- look-at-agriculture-and.
Ringler, C., T. Zhu, X. Cai, J. Koo and Wang, D. (2011). Climate change impacts on food security in Sub-Saharan Africa. Insights from comprehensive climate change modeling. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFRI). Retrieved from www.cosv.org/.../climate%20change%20impacts%20on%20food%20security.pdf.
SciDev.Net (2016).Bringing science and development together through news and analysis. Retrieved from http://www.scidev.net/global/climate-change/news/african-hunger- policy-climate-risks.html.
Stern, N. (2006). The Economics of climate change. Retrieved March 12, 2015, from http://mudancasclimaticas.cptec.inpe.br/~rmclima/pdfs/destaques/sternreview_report_ complete.pdf.
Stockholm Environment Institute (2013). Transport and environment in Sub-Saharan Africa. Retrieved from http://www.sei-nternational.org/publications?pid=2197.
The Guardian (2016). Sub-Saharan African countries are failing to plan for climate change. Retrieved September 6, 2016 from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/feb/13/no-sub-saharan-african.
United Nations Environmental Protection (2013).Towards sustainable transport in Sub- Saharan Africa. Retrieved from htt://www.unep/transport/shareroad.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (2014). Definitions. Retrieved from http://unfccc.int/essential_background/convention/background/items/2536.php.
Vermeulen, S. (2014.)Climate change, food security and small-scale producers. CCAFS Info Brief.CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Copenhagen, Denmark. Retrieved November 21, 2014, from www.ccafs.cgiar.org.
Wikipedia (2014).Climate change. Retrieved form http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_change.
World Bank (2013). What climate change means for Africa, Asia and the coastal poor. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/06/19/what-climate- change-means-africa-asia-coastal-poor.
World Bank (2015). CO2 Emissions (metric tons per capital). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.ATM.CO2E.PC.
Worldmap (2011). Sub-Saharan Africa.. Retrieved from http://worldmap.org/region.php?region=Sub-Saharan%20Africa.