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The Economic Cost and Burden of Informal Caregiving for the Inpatient: The Case of Lemlem Karl Hospital, Maichew, Ethiopia
International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2020, Pages: 14-23
Received: Nov. 29, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 16, 2020; Published: Apr. 29, 2020
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Authors
Habtamu Legese, Department of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Ayenew Endalew, Department of Economic, College of Business and Economics, Raya University, Maichew, Ethiopia
Kidist Tibebu, Department of Accounting & Finance, College of Business and Economics, Raya University, Maichew, Ethiopia
Desalew Mossie, Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Raya University, Maichew, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The objective of this study is to present new empirical findings about the economics of informally supplied health care with special emphasis on the labor market-related opportunity cost and to measure the burden of informal caregiving for the inpatient at Lemlem Karl hospital, Maichew, Ethiopia. The study employs ordinary list square and ordered logit method of regression. In addition, the study also employed measurement mechanisms like; opportunity cost, proxy good and Zarit Burden Scale. The mean time spent on informal caregiving was 73.18 hours/4.1days and the mean cost of informal caregiving for the inpatient at Lemlem Care Hospital by using the opportunity cost and proxy good valuation method is 689.56birr (23.74$) and 724.653 birr (24.5$) per 4.1 days respectively. The study also measures caregiver’s burden level by using Zarit Burden Scale and the result depict that of the total respondents 51 (38.06%) affected by moderate caregiving burden and followed by 41 (30.60%) of the respondents with little caregiving burden. To reduce the cost and burden of principal informal caregivers and to fill this gap the following policy recommendations are made based on the findings of the study and the experience of the rest of the world. Enable informal caregivers to balance personal and social life with care responsibilities through respite care, develop and deploy a national caregiving strategy and the strategy should at a minimum include three policies; (a) Policy Related to Workplace Accommodation; (b) Financial Assistance policy; (c) Investment in informal caregiving research and development related projects.
Keywords
Economic Cost, Informal Care, Burden, Opportunity Cost, Inpatient, Proxy Good and Ethiopia
To cite this article
Habtamu Legese, Ayenew Endalew, Kidist Tibebu, Desalew Mossie, The Economic Cost and Burden of Informal Caregiving for the Inpatient: The Case of Lemlem Karl Hospital, Maichew, Ethiopia, International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2020, pp. 14-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ijeee.20200502.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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