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Determinants of Maize Market Supply, Production and Marketing Constraints: The Case of Dembecha District, West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia
International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 83-89
Received: Jul. 22, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 31, 2020; Published: Oct. 7, 2020
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Authors
Desalegn Wondim, Department of Agribusiness and Value Chain Management, Burie Campus, Debre Markos University, Burie, Ethiopia
Tewodros Tefera, School of Environment, Gender and Development Studies, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Yitna Tesfaye, School of Environment, Gender and Development Studies, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
West Gojjam is one of the maize belt zones in Ethiopia, and Dembecha district is among the potential districts in West Gojjam zone. However, despite its maize production potential of the district, marketed supply determinants, maize production and marketing constraints hampered producer’s decision and engagement on maize production and marketing. Thus, this study was attempts to address the determinants of marketed supply of maize, constraints and opportunities in Dembecha district in the year 2018. Data were collected from primary and secondary sources using appropriate tools. Primary data were collected from randomly selected 155 maize producers, 20 consumers as well as 40 maize grain traders, 10 alcohol processors using semi-structured questionnaire. Multiple linear regression econometric model were employed for data analysis owing to all respondents were participating in maize production and marketing activities. Results from econometric model revealed that sex of house hold head at 5%, education at 5%, amount of maize produced at 1%, extension contact at 1%, livestock owned at 5%, credit use at 10% and amount of non-farm income at 5% were positively determine maize marketed surplus in Dembecha district. Land shortage, price of improved seed, road and lack of government support were among major maize production and marketing constraints. Existence of strong multipurpose farmer’s cooperatives, using maize for multipurpose in the area and its productivity per hectare were the major opportunities in the study area. Thus, governmental and non-governmental organization that working with relating to maize production and marketing activities in the district should take in to account these determinate factors, constraints and opportunities while preparing intervention strategies.
Keywords
Maize, Determinant, Market Supply, Constraints
To cite this article
Desalegn Wondim, Tewodros Tefera, Yitna Tesfaye, Determinants of Maize Market Supply, Production and Marketing Constraints: The Case of Dembecha District, West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia, International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2020, pp. 83-89. doi: 10.11648/j.ijeee.20200505.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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