Influence of Protein Supplement on the Process of Rehabilitation in Damage of Muscles Caused by Physical Loads
European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 134-138
Received: Oct. 31, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 4, 2017; Published: Dec. 27, 2017
Views 456      Downloads 46
Authors
Alexander Plakida, Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine, Physical Training and Valeology, Odessa National Medical University, Odessa, Ukraine
Igor Bondarev, Department of Physical Rehabilitation, SE Ukrainian Research Institute of Medical Rehabilitation and Balneology Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Odessa, Ukraine
Sergey Gushcha, Department of Basic Research, SE Ukrainian Research Institute of Medical Rehabilitation and Balneology Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Odessa, Ukraine
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Resistance exercise is a common mode of training may precipitate temporary exercise-induced muscle damage that manifests as a reduction in neuromuscular function, reduced range of motion, increased muscle soreness, limb swelling and the elevation of intramuscular proteins in blood. The purpose of this study was to study the effect of protein supplements on the process of rehabilitation for muscle injuries caused by physical stress. The study involved 21 clinically healthy men. Participants perform eccentric contractions of the quadriceps femoris muscle. All participants in the studies were randomly assigned to three groups. The first group received the protein supplement before exercise and placebo after the load. The second group received a placebo before the load and a protein drink after. The third group received a placebo both before and after the load. Before the load and 24, 48, 72 hours after the load, the maximum possible reduction (MPR) of the quadriceps muscle was studied, the severity of muscle soreness (MS), the content of creatine kinase (CK) in the serum. The dynamics of changes in the studied indicators was unidirectional in all groups. The index of the maximum possible reduction reached a minimum value 24 hours after exercise and gradually returned to the initial values in 72 hours. Between the first group and the control group no significant differences were found in any of the stages of restitution. At the same time, there was a significant difference in recovery in the participants of the second group and the control group at 48 hours after the load (94 ± 3.81 and 84 ± 3.12, P <0.05), which indicates a faster recovery of contractile ability of the muscles in the studied persons of second group. Just as in the study of MPR dynamics, there were no significant differences between the indices of participants in the first and control groups. In the case of participants in the third group, significant differences in indices are determined in the intervals 48 and 72 hours after the load. The peak values of CK recorded 48 hours after the load. Significant differences were found between second group and control (1448 ± 208 and 864 ± 113, P <0.05). Consequently the intake of protein supplements immediately after physical exertion reduces the duration of the subjective sensation of muscle soreness and promotes the fastest regeneration of damaged muscle fibers.
Keywords
Physical Load, Protein Supplements, Creatinekinase, Muscle Pain
To cite this article
Alexander Plakida, Igor Bondarev, Sergey Gushcha, Influence of Protein Supplement on the Process of Rehabilitation in Damage of Muscles Caused by Physical Loads, European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 134-138. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20170306.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Kurashvili V. Muscle aches and methods of adaptation\\Herald of sports innovations - 2014.-49 (49)–P. 7-12.
[2]
Medical laboratory technologies: Manual on clinical laboratory diagnostics in 2 volumes. Volume 2\Ed. A. I. Karpischenko\ М.: Geotar-Меdia, 2013.- 792 p.
[3]
Beck, Kathryn L.; Thomson, Jasmine S.; Swift, Richard J. Role of nutrition in performance enhancement and postexercise recovery//Open access journal of sports medicine. – 2015. – V. 6. – P. 259-267.
[4]
Bianchi G, Marzocchi R, Agostini F, Marchesini G: Update on nutritional supplementation with branched-chain amino acids. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2005, 8: 83-87.
[5]
Breen L, Philp A, Witard OC, Jackman SR, Selby A, Smith K, Baar K, Tipton KD. The influence of carbohydrate-protein co-ingestion following endurance exercise on myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis.\\ J Physiol.- 2011, -V. 589.-P. 4011-4025.
[6]
Dannecker EA, Koltyn KF. Pain During and Within Hours After Exercise in Healthy Adults\\Sports Medicine.-2014.-V. 44.-N7.-P. 921-942.
[7]
da Luz CR, Nicastro H, Zanchi NE, Chaves DF, Lancha AH: Potential therapeutic effects of branched-chain amino acids supplementation on resistance exercise-based muscle damage in humans. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2011, 8: 23-27.
[8]
D'Lugos A. C., Luden N. D., Faller J. M., Akers J. D., McKenzie A. I., Saunders M. J. Supplemental Protein during Heavy Cycling Training and Recovery Impacts Skeletal Muscle and Heart Rate Responses but Not Performance // Nutrients. -- 2016. -- Sep. -- V. 8, № 9.
[9]
Goodall S, Howatson G: The effects of multiple cold water immersions on indices of muscle damage. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2008, 7: 235-241.
[10]
Jackman SR, Witard OC, Jeukendrup AE, Tipton KD: Branched-chain amino acid ingestion can ameliorate soreness from eccentric exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010, 42: 962-970.
[11]
Hansen M., Bangsbo J., Jensen J., Bibby B. M., Madsen K. Effect of Whey Protein Hydrolysate on Performance and Recovery of Top-Class Orienteering Runners // International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. -- 2015. -- Apr. -- V. 25, № 2. -- P. 97-109.
[12]
Hoffman J, Ratamess N., Tranchina C., Rashti S., Kang J, Faigenbaum A. Effect of Protein-Supplement Timing on Strength, Power, and Body-Composition Changes in Resistance-Trained Men\\ International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism.-2009.-V. 19.-N2.-P. 172-185.
[13]
Howatson G, Hough P, Pattison J, Hill JA, Blagrove R, Glaister M, Thompson KG: Trekking poles reduce exercise-induced muscle injury during mountain walking. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010, 43: 140-145.
[14]
Howatson G, van Someren KA: Evidence of a contralateral repeated bout effect after maximal eccentric contractions. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007, 101: 207-214.
[15]
Howatson G, McHugh MP, Hill JA, Brouner J, Jewell AP, van Someren KA, Shave RE, Howatson SA: Influence of tart cherry juice on indices of recovery following marathon running. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2010, 20: 843-852.
[16]
Howatson G, van Someren KA: The prevention and treatment of exercise-induced muscle damage. Sports Med. 2008, 38: 483-503.
[17]
Jager R., Kerksick C. M., Campbell B. I., Cribb P. J., Wells S. D., Skwiat T. M., Purpura M., Ziegenfuss T. N., Ferrando A. A., Arent S. M., Smith-Ryan A. E., Stout J. R., Arciero P. J., Ormsbee M. J., Taylor L. W., Wilborn C. D., Kalman D. S., Kreider R. B., Willoughby D. S., Hoffman J. R., Krzykowski J. L., Antonio J. International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: protein and exercise // Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. -- 2017. -- Jun. -- T. 14.
[18]
Kephart W. C., Mumford P. W., McCloskey A. E., Holland A. M., Shake J. J., Mobley C. B., Jagodinsky A. E., Weimar W. H., Oliver G. D., Young K. C., Moon J. R., Roberts M. D. Post-exercise branched chain amino acid supplementation does not affect recovery markers following three consecutive high intensity resistance training bouts compared to carbohydrate supplementation // Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. -- 2016. -- Jul. -- V. 13.
[19]
McHugh MP: Recent advances in the understanding of the repeated bout effect: the protective effect against muscle damage from a single bout of eccentric exercise. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2003, 13: 88-97.
[20]
Matsumoto K, Koba T, Hamada K, Sakurai M, Higuchi T, Miyata H: Branched-chain amino acid supplementation attenuates muscle soreness, muscle damage and inflammation during an intensive training program. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2009, 49: 424-431.
[21]
Nosaka K, Sacco P, Mawatari K: Effects of amino acid supplementation on muscle soreness and damage. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2006, 16: 620-635.
[22]
Ren G. X., Yi S. Q., Zhang H. R., Wang J. Ingestion of soy-whey blended protein augments sports performance and ameliorates exercise-induced fatigue in a rat exercise model // Food & Function. -- 2017. -- Feb. -- V. 8, № 2. -- P. 670-679.
[23]
Sharp CP, Pearson DR: Amino acid supplements and recovery from high-intensity resistance training. J Strength Cond Res. 2010, 24: 1125-1130.
[24]
Shimomura Y, Kobayashi H, Mawatari K, Akita K, Inaguma A, Watanabe S, Bajotto G, Sato J: Effects of squat exercise and branched-chain amino acid supplementation on plasma free amino acid concentrations in young women. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol. 2009, 55: 288-291.
[25]
Schoenfeld B. J., Contreras B. Is Postexercise Muscle Soreness a Valid Indicator of Muscular Adaptations?\\ Strength and Conditioning Journal.-2013.-V. 35.-N5-P. 16-21.
[26]
Stock MS, Young JC, Golding LA, Kruskall LJ, Tandy RD, Conway-Klaassen JM, Beck TW: The effects of adding leucine to pre and postexercise carbohydrate beverages on acute muscle recovery from resistance training. J Strength Cond Res. 2010, 24: 2211-2219.
[27]
Wolfe A. S., Brandt S. A., Krause I. A., Mavison R. W., Aponte J. A., Ferguson-Stegall L. M. Shorter Duration Time Trial Performance and Recovery Is Not Improved by Inclusion of Protein in a Multiple Carbohydrate Supplement // Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. -- 2017. -- Sep. -- V. 31, № 9. -- P. 2509-2518.
[28]
Yuan J., Jiang B., Li K., Shen W., Tang J. L. Beneficial Effects of Protein Hydrolysates in Exercise and Sports Nutrition // Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents. -- 2017. -- Jan-Mar. -- T. 31, № 1. -- C. 183-188.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931