Cardiopulmonary Bypass Complications in a West African Country (Senegal)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 5-9
Received: Nov. 30, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 20, 2017; Published: Jan. 9, 2018
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Authors
Abdel-Kémal Bori Bata, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Amadou Gabriel Ciss, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Momar Sokhna Diop, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Papa Salmane Ba, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Papa Amath Diagne, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Ndeye Fatou Sow, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Gaye Magaye, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Souleyman Diatta, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Mohamed Leye, Department of Cardiology Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Etienne Birame Sene, Department of Anesthesiology Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Diene Samba, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Papa Adama Dieng, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Assane Ndiaye, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Fann University Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
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Abstract
Although cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has simplified open heart surgery, it causes adverse effects on the body’s systems. This study aims to report the complications related to CPB at the Cardiac Surgery Center of the University Hospital in Dakar (Senegal). This is a retrospective analytical and descriptive study covering a 24 months period (from January 2015 to December 2016). All adult and children patients who underwent open heart surgery using CPB machines were included in this study. 193 patients were eligible during this study’s period. Patients' mean age was 23 ± 15 years (range, 2–65), and 52% were female patients. Two complications were observed during CPB. One case of hemolysis and one case of an impossible weaning from CPB. Post-CPB complications were allocated as follows: hematological complications (88.5%) followed by cardiovascular (56%), pleuropulmonary (22.4%), septicemia (4%), renal (3%), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) (2%) and neurologic (1%) complications. The overall hospital mortality was 5%. One (1) patient died intra operatively and nine (9) patients in the intensive care unit. The morbidity and mortality related to CPB in our cardiac surgery center is superimposed to those of the literature.
Keywords
Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Complications, Open Heart Surgery
To cite this article
Abdel-Kémal Bori Bata, Amadou Gabriel Ciss, Momar Sokhna Diop, Papa Salmane Ba, Papa Amath Diagne, Ndeye Fatou Sow, Gaye Magaye, Souleyman Diatta, Mohamed Leye, Etienne Birame Sene, Diene Samba, Papa Adama Dieng, Assane Ndiaye, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Cardiopulmonary Bypass Complications in a West African Country (Senegal), International Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 5-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcts.20180401.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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