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Correlation of Occipito-Frontal Circumference and Occipito-Heel Length with Birth Weight of Singleton Term Babies in Enugu, South East, Nigeria
Nanoscience and Nanometrology
Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages: 463-467
Received: Aug. 4, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 18, 2020; Published: Nov. 19, 2020
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Authors
Ozor Ignatius Ikemefuna, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria; Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
Nduagubam Obinna Chwukwuebuka, Department of Paediatrics, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Okafor Igwebuike Innocent, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Agwagu Zita Njideka, Nursing Unit, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
Abireh Ifeanacho Ezeteonu, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
Ozioko Sebastine Uche, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
Ugwuanyi Obinna Kingsley, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
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Abstract
Background: Anthropometric measurements of the new-borns are important indicators of their intra-uterine growth and development; and could be reliable predictors of their health status. This study was carried out to determine the relationships between occipito-frontal head circumference and occipito-heel length to the birth weight of singleton term newborns in ESUTH, Enugu. Methods: A total of 1000 (500 males and 500 females) live singleton term babies whose mothers gave consent for participation and satisfied the inclusion criteria were consecutively recruited from the labour ward of ESUTH, Enugu from June 1, 2015 to May 31, 2017. The birth weight (BW), occipito-frontal circumference (OFC) and occipito-heel length (OHL) of the new-borns were measured and documented. The weight and OHL of the new-borns were used to calculate the babies’ body mass index (BMI). Data obtained was entered into SPSS version 20 and then analysed. Results: The mean values of their OFC, OHL and BW were 34.6±2.2 cm; 49.8±3.0 cm and 3.3±1.4 kg respectively. There was a significant difference between the OFC (p=0.012) and OHL (P=0.035) but not in BW (P=0.220) and BMI (p=0.446) in males neonates compared to females. A significant correlation (Pearson’s) of OFC (r=0.149; P=0.000) and OHL (r=0.145; p=0.000) with birth weight was also found. There was also a significant correlation of OFC (r=0.106; P=0.001) and OHL (r=-0.156; p=0.000) with BMI. Conclusion: The birth weight and BMI of new-born babies are good determinants of their OFC and OHL.
Keywords
Term Newborn, OFC, OHL BMI, Correlation
To cite this article
Ozor Ignatius Ikemefuna, Nduagubam Obinna Chwukwuebuka, Okafor Igwebuike Innocent, Agwagu Zita Njideka, Abireh Ifeanacho Ezeteonu, Ozioko Sebastine Uche, Ugwuanyi Obinna Kingsley, Correlation of Occipito-Frontal Circumference and Occipito-Heel Length with Birth Weight of Singleton Term Babies in Enugu, South East, Nigeria, Nanoscience and Nanometrology. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020, pp. 463-467. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200604.23
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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