Synthesis of SnO2 Nanopowders for Advanced Ceramics and Electronic Sensor Transducer Devices and Characterization and Band Gap
Nanoscience and Nanometrology
Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2017, Pages: 12-19
Received: Mar. 7, 2017; Accepted: May 9, 2017; Published: May 22, 2017
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Authors
Rexona Khanom, Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Anwar Arfien Khan, Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Abdul Gafur, Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Pilot Plant and Process Development Center, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shakila Akter, Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Pilot Plant and Process Development Center, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Institute of National Analytical and Research Service, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shamim Ahmed, Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Pilot Plant and Process Development Center, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Institute of National Analytical and Research Service, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Shahjahan, Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Pilot Plant and Process Development Center, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Institute of National Analytical and Research Service, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research,
Mohammad Raqibul Qadir, Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Pilot Plant and Process Development Center, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
Reverse Microemulsion Precipitation” was firstly developed for synthesizing SnO2 nanopowders were intended to as advanced structural materials and hazardous gases, particulates (Pb, Cd, Hg) sensing nanofabricated devices: sensor, transducer, MOSFET, electrodes. Prepared controlled nanopowders were encapsulated with oil phases in spherical water pole at water to surfactant mole ratio w0=8 and w0=10. Characteristic absorption of semiconductor at 303.4 nm and no absorption in higher  and absorption edge in the 321.6-371.6 nm and band gap energy (3.6eV) were observed by UV-Vis measurement confirmed 2SnO2.4H2O nanoparticles is semiconductor. Sn-O stretching band at 678.94 cm-1 and no other groups presence confirmed complete removal of adsorbed chemicals in the course of calcination at 600°C about 4.0 hours from FTIR spectrum. XRD investigation found out phase pure tetragonal SnO2 nanocrystalline structures and average crystalline size 0.2380 nm at w0=8. SEM images exhibited spherical morphology counting average particle size 153.242 nm and 131.604 nm and average diameter 8.02 nm at w0=8 and 10.01 nm at w0=10 respectively. Higher specific surface area was observed 107.731 m2/ g (count 637) more than 86.314 m2/ g (count 341) of relatively larger diameter which is more pronounced compared to ordinary Reverse Microemulsion Method. Findings and standards established this synthesis method as suitable for obtaining the higher degree of surface area and finest crystallinity.
Keywords
SnO2 Nanopowders, Synthesis, Reverse Microemulsion Precipitation, Characterization, Band Gap Determination
To cite this article
Rexona Khanom, Mohammad Anwar Arfien Khan, Abdul Gafur, Shakila Akter, Shamim Ahmed, Mohammad Shahjahan, Mohammad Raqibul Qadir, Synthesis of SnO2 Nanopowders for Advanced Ceramics and Electronic Sensor Transducer Devices and Characterization and Band Gap, Nanoscience and Nanometrology. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2017, pp. 12-19. doi: 10.11648/j.nsnm.20170301.13
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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