Improvement of Mechanical and Physical Property of Polypropylene Nano Composites by the Addition of Multi-walled Carbon Nano Tube
Nanoscience and Nanometrology
Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2017, Pages: 20-26
Received: Mar. 14, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 14, 2017;
Published: May 22, 2017
Views 2087 Downloads 66
Narges Ahmadvand, Department of Chemical Engineering, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Ali Asghar Rohani, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), National Iranian Oil Company, Tehran, Iran
Follow on us
In this study, physical and mechanical properties of polypropylene nanocomposites in the presence of carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) were studied. Nanocomposites were prepared by combining different percentages of MWCNT with PP using melt mixing method. The mechanical and physical properties such as the fracture surface morphology, distribution of CNTs in the material field, the size of the crystals, crystallization and melting temperature, tensile strength, flexural and impact strength and flexural modulus were analyzed. In summary, it was shown that Young's modulus and flexural an increase in the weight of MWCNT, are considerably improved. However, the distribution of the nanotubes was poorer in material terms, the melting temperature has not noticeably changed. Also, the sizes of the crystals in some Miller's pages were decreased. By increasing the amount of MWCNT, an increase in crystallization temperature of PP was observed. Loading 1.5%wt of MWCNT, the amount Tp has increased with about 14.3°C than pure PP. By increasing the MWCNT to 0.4%wt, the mechanical properties were improved. Then changing MWCNT to 0.8%wt, the mechanical properties was reduced.
Nano Composite, Polypropylene, Multi-walled Carbon Nano Tube
To cite this article
Ali Asghar Rohani,
Improvement of Mechanical and Physical Property of Polypropylene Nano Composites by the Addition of Multi-walled Carbon Nano Tube, Nanoscience and Nanometrology.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2017, pp. 20-26.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Sonbolestan A, "Retrofitting friction polymer resins with nano powder", masters thesis, university of science and Industry.
Elias L, Fenouillot F, Majesté JC, Alcouffe P, Cassagnau P. Immiscible polymer blends stabilized with nano-silica particles: Rheology and effective interfacial tension. Polymer, 2010, 49(20), pp. 4378-4385.
Haghtalab A, Marzban R. Viscoelastic properties of nanosilica-filled polypropylene in the molten state: Effect of particle size. Advances in Polymer Technology, 2012, 30(3), pp. 203-218.
Yazdani-Pedram M, Vega H, Retuert J, Quijada R. "Compatibilizers based on polypropylene grafted with itaconic acid derivatives, Effect on polypropylene/polyethylene terephthalate blends", Polymer Engineering & Science, 2014, 43(4), pp. 960-964.
Cassagnau P. Melt rheology of organoclay and fumed silica nanocomposites. Polymer. 2015;49(9), pp.183-196.
Li W, Karger Kocsis J, Schlarb AK., "Dispersion of TiO2 Particles in PET/PP/TiO2 and PET/PP/PP-g-MA/TiO2 Composites Prepared with Different Blending Procedures", Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 2015, 294(9), pp.582-529.
Qian Zhang, Liyan Yu, Zuolin Cui,"Effects of the size of nano-copper catalysts and reaction temperature on the morphology of carbon fibers", Material Research Bulletin.70 (2015) 735-742.
Anshuman Srivastava, Pralay Maiti, Devendra Kumar, Om Parkash, "Mechanical and dielectric properties of CaCu3Ti4O12 and La doped CaCu3Ti4O12 poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites", Composites Science and Technology 93 (2014) 83–89
Karun Kumar Jana, Anshuman Srivastava, Om Parkash et.al, "Nanoclay and swift heavy ions induced piezoelectric and conducting nanochannel based polymeric membrane for fuel cell", Journal of Power Sources 301 (2016) 338-347.
Anshuman Srivastava, Karun Kumar Jana, Pralay Maiti, Devendra Kumar, and Om Parkash, "Mechanical and Dielectric Behaviour of CaCu3Ti4O12 and Nb Doped CaCu3Ti4O12 Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Composites", Journal of Composites. Volume 2014, Article ID 769379, 9 pages.