Liberation Studies of Composite Particles in Iperindo Gold-bearing Rock, Southwest Nigeria
American Journal of Nanosciences
Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 39-42
Received: Oct. 22, 2019;
Accepted: Nov. 20, 2019;
Published: Nov. 25, 2019
Views 123 Downloads 43
Adetula Yomi Vincent, Department of Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Alabi Oladunni Oyelola, Department of Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Ola-Omole Omoyemi Omole, Department of Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
The research investigates the liberation size of composite particles in Iperindo lode deposit at Ilesha goldfield in Osun state, Nigeria. The sample of the gold ore was sourced from Iperindo and 3 kilograms of gold ore was prepared by crushing and grinding to 100% passing 710µm sieve. 300 grams of the prepared ore was charged into set of sieves arranged in √2 i.e from 500 μm to -45 μm mounted on automated sieve shaker and operated for 20 minutes. Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) and X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) were used to determine the elemental and chemical composition of the ore. The chemical analysis of the crude sample via X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF) revealed that the crude sample contain high content of Fe, Ti, Mn and K. The traces of K, Ba and Rb, shows that composite particles in Iperindo gold-bearing rock ore was formed as a result of hydrothermal alteration and the characterization of the sieve fractions by Atomic Absorption specteometey shows -63μm +45μm has the highest gold content when compare to other seive fraction. This indicates that the optimum liberation size of gold in Iperindo gold-bearing rock is 45μm. Processing of gold, which is economical viable from the ore deposit using froth flotation is desirable. Hence, efﬁcient ﬂotation of the mineral particle at the optimum liberation size of 45μm which lies favorably within the range of 10–150µm sighted from literature, will lead to good recovery of the gold particle.
Adetula Yomi Vincent,
Alabi Oladunni Oyelola,
Ola-Omole Omoyemi Omole,
Liberation Studies of Composite Particles in Iperindo Gold-bearing Rock, Southwest Nigeria, American Journal of Nanosciences.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2019, pp. 39-42.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ajayi, J. A. (2004): “An Assessment of the Amenability of Ilesa Gold Ore to Amalgamation and Percolation Leaching’’, Journal of Mining and Geology, 37 (1), Pp. 85-90.
Tong, Y., Yang, H., Li J. and Yang, Y. (2013). Separation and Purification Technology 120: 367-372.
United States Geological Survey (2018) www.focus-economics.com/gold-the -most precious-of metal-part-3 extracted November 29th, 2018 pp 1.
Adetula Yomi Vincent, Ozah Blessing, Alabi Oladuni Oyelola, John Ade Ajayi, Akoja Ayo (2019) Determination of Work Index for Iperindo Lode Gold Deposit at Ilesha Goldfield Osun State, Nigeria Using Modified Bond Index. American Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. Vol. 1, No. 4-6.
Wen Qi., G., Parentrich, 1992 A QEM*SEM study of the flotation of composite particles international journal of mineral processing 34 (1-2), 71-82.
Sutherland, DN., 1989. Batch flotation behavior of composite-particle- a review international journal of mineral processing 2 (3), 351-367.
Wills B. A., and Napier-Munn T. J, 2008 Wills mineral processing technology Elsevier, Oxford.
Wang, W., Fornasiero, D., 2010. Flotation of composite particles. In: Proceedings XXV Int. Miner. Process. Cong. IMPC 2010. (Brisbane Convention Centre).
Pease, J. D., Curry D. C 2016 design flotation circuits for high fines recovery mineral engineering 19 (6-8), 831-840.
Yuan, X., Palsson, B., and Forsberg, K. (1996). Statistical interpretation of flotation kinetics for a complex sulphide ore. Minerals Engineering, 9 (4): 429-442.
Bernhardt (2000) Particle size analysis problems and possibilities in the fine and ultrafine range. Journal of material synthesis and processing 8 (3-4) 213-221.
Nishkov. I., and Pugh, 1989; the relationship between flotation and adhesion of galena particles to the air-solution interfaces International mineral processing 25 (3), 275-288.
Shergold, H. L 1984 In: Ives K. J (ed) the scientific basic of flotation Maritnus Nijhoff. The Hague P229.
Shadrack F, William S, Massimiliano Z. (2015) Detachment of coarse composite sphalerite particles from bubbles in ﬂotation: Inﬂuence of xanthate collector type and concentration. Minerals Engineering 71 pp 73–84.
Dehghan., G. Peterson, Riehm, and Bromerchenkel L. H., K. (2017) “Application of X-ray microfluorescence for the determination of chloride diffusion coefficients in concrete chloride penetration experiments,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 148, pp. 85-95.
Anon, (1994) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Technical Resource Document, Extraction and Beneficiation of Ores and Minerals, GOLD, VOLUME 2.
Hausen, D. M. (1985): Process mineralogy of selected refractory Carlin-type gold ores. CIM Bulletin, Vol. 78, No. 881, pp. 83-94.