Identifying an Improved Jute Variety Preferring Physico-chemical Properties
American Journal of Nanosciences
Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 56-58
Received: Oct. 29, 2019;
Accepted: Nov. 27, 2019;
Published: Dec. 5, 2019
Views 576 Downloads 138
Mubarak Hossen, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Manik Mia Avenue, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ayesha Khatton, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Manik Mia Avenue, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Fa Dilruba, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Manik Mia Avenue, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Follow on us
There are so many fibres, but not all of them are textile. Textile materials are generally soft, flexible, and capable of being transformed into desired shapes without resistance and durable over a reasonable period of wear. Jute –the Golden fibre of Bangladesh is used widely for various purposes. For the assessment of fibre quality of three types of jute fibre e.g. newly released jute variety-72, bleached fibre and variety O-9897 were considered for the analysis of physical properties (Reed jute fibre length, Brightness index, Whiteness index, Bundle strength and Fineness index) and chemical analysis (Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Lignin, Ash content, Fat/Oil content, Oil content in jute seed, Pectin content and safonification value) under the present study.Some field level morphological information was taken as quality contributing characteristics. The study was conducted at the Chemistry Division, Textile Physics Division and Pilot Plant and Processing Division of Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh during 2017-2019. The assessment of physico-chemical properties of the variety O-72 was blue seeded with lower percentage of oil content than naturally brown seeded but saponification value was higher, Brightness (22.04%), fineness (36.26%) and bundle strength (06.20 lb/mg) index were very much comparable to bleached jute samples using 6% hydrogen peroxide. Cellulose content was 65.68% as well as lignin and hemicelluloses content were 13.95% and 17.94% respectively which were more prominent than O-9897 varieties of jute fibres.
Brightness, Whiteness, BundleStrength, Cellulose and Lignin
To cite this article
Identifying an Improved Jute Variety Preferring Physico-chemical Properties, American Journal of Nanosciences.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2019, pp. 56-58.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abdullah, A. B. M. 1978. Preparation of Microcrystalline cellulose from Jute. Bangladesh J. Jute Fib. Res. 3: 39-43.
Amin, M. N., M. Begum and M. Shajahan. 1993. A Process of Bleaching of Jute Fabric. Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res. 27: 80.
Kirby, R. H. 1963. Vegetable fibres. New York: Interscience publishers.
Preston, R. D. 1974. The physical biology of plant cell walls. London: Chapman and Hall.
Grabber, J. H., G. A. Jung and R. R. Hill. 1991, Chemical composition of parenchyma and sclerenchyma cell walls isolated from orchard grass and switch grass. Crop Science 31: 1058-1065.
Lewis, N. G. and L. B. Davin.1994. Evolution of lignan and neolignin biochemical pathways. In. Nes D. ed. Evolution of natural products, ACS Symposium Series. Washington, DC: American Crop Society, 202- 246.
Kundu, B. C. 1944. Anatomy of jute stem with special reference to cambial activity and distribution of fibres in relation to leaf-trace system. Journal of Royal Asiatic Society, Bengal (Science) 10: 27-52.
Fahn, A. 1990. Plant anatomy, 4th edn. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Urquhart, A. R. and F. O. Howitt. 1953. The structure of textile fibres. Manchester: Textile Institute.
Gorshkova, T. A., V. V. Salnikov, N. M. Pogodina, A. B. N. Chemikosova, E. V. Yablokova, A. V. Ulanov, M.V. Ageeva, J. E. G. Vandam and V. V. Lozovaya. 2000. Composition and distribution of cell wall compounds in flax (Linumusitatissimum L.) stem tissues. Annals of Botany, 85: 477-486.
Amin, M. N, M. Shajahan, M. Begum, M. S. Rahman, T. Boksh. K. A. Rahman and M. Kamal Uddin. 1996.Manual for bleached and softened Jute/Kenaf fabrics for application in upholstery, Volume II, International Jute Study Group (IJSG), Dhaka.
Bashiruzzaman. 1964. The Chemical Constituents and Molecular Weight of Cellulose in Different Parts of Jute. J. Tex. Ins., 4: 910-911.
Macmillan, W. G. 1957. Jute and Jute Research. Jute-The Golden Fibre. 1st Edition, P. 147.
Sen Gupta, B. A. Majumder and K. Sachindra. 1970. 1989044 (cl, D 060), 13 (24 April).
Panto, J. and K. B. Francis. 1969. US 3472609 (cl-8-111), 3, (14 October).
Kulkarni, A. Y. and T. K. G. Roy. 1973. Bleaching of Jute with sodium Chlorite. Jute. Tex. Asso., 3: 59-62.
Timell, T. E. 1957. TAPPI, 40, 568. TAPPI. Standard Method, T 22m-52.
Khuda, M. M., A. S. M. Serajuddin, N. Amin and A. A. Khan. 1976. Determination of cellulose in different grades of jute. Pakistan J. Sci. Ind. Res., 11: 51-52.