Fabrication, Mechanical Characterization and Interfacial Properties of Bamboo and E-glass Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene-based Composites
Bamboo and E-glass fiber-reinforced polypropylene (PP) based composites (50 wt% fiber) were fabricated by compression molding. Tensile strength (TS), bending strength (BS), tensile modulus (TM), bending modulus (BM) and Elongation at break (%) of the bamboo fiber reinforced PP composite was found to be 62 MPa, 78 MPa, 4.96 GPa, 5.76 GPa, and 5.0%, respectively. Then, E-glass fiber-reinforced PP-based composites (50 wt% fiber) were also fabricated using the same methods and after that, the mechanical properties of the composites were evaluated. The TS, BS, TM, BM and Eb% of the E-glass fiber reinforced PP based composites were found to be 86 MPa, 88 MPa, 7.0 GPa, 12 GPa, and 16%, respectively. It was revealed that E-glass fiber reinforced based composites had higher TS, BS, TM, and BM compared to bamboo fiber reinforced-based composites. At ambient conditions, degradation tests of the bamboo/PP composite were performed in soil and it took 24 weeks which showed that after degradation mechanical properties of the bamboo fiber retained its original mechanical properties. After the flexural test, fracture sides of the E-glass/PP and bamboo/PP composites were investigated using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the results revealed that bamboo-fiber reinforced based composites matrix adhesion less than the E-glass fiber reinforced based composites.
Kamrun Nahar Keya,
Nasrin Afroz Kona,
Ruhul Amin Khan,
Fabrication, Mechanical Characterization and Interfacial Properties of Bamboo and E-glass Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene-based Composites, American Journal of Nanosciences.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2019, pp. 59-66.
Ruhul A. Khan, Mubarak A. Khan, Haydar U. Zaman and Shamim Pervin (2010), Comparative Studies of Mechanical and Interfacial Properties Between and E-glass Fiber-reinforced Polypropylene Composites, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29 (7), 1078-1088.
Mishra, S., Mohanty, A. K., Drzal, L. T., Misra, M., Parija, S., Nayak, S. K. (2003), Studies on Mechanical Performance of Biofibre/Glass Reinforced Polyester Hybrid Composites, Compos. Sci. Technol., 63 (10), 1377–1385.
Kamrun N. Keya, Nasrin A. Kona, Ruhul A. Khan (2019), Comparative Study of Jute, Okra and Pineapple Leaf Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Based Composite, 1155, 29-40.
Muhammad, A., Rahman, M. R., Hamdan, S., and Sanaullah, K. (2018), Recent developments in bamboo fiber-based composites: a review. Polymer Bulletin. doi: 10.1007/s00289-018-2493-9.
Chattopadhyay, S. K., Khandal, R. K., Uppaluri, R., & Ghoshal, A. K. (2010). Bamboo fiber reinforced polypropylene composites and their mechanical, thermal, and morphological properties. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 119 (3), 1619–1626. doi: 10.1002/app.32826.
Janusz Datta and Marcin Włoch (2014), Influence of selected submicron inorganic particles on mechanical and thermo-mechanical properties of unsaturated polyester/glass composites, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 33 (10), 935-941.
Sreekala M. S., George, J., Kumaran, M. G. and Thomas, S. (2002), The mechanical performance of hybrid phenol formaldehyde-based composites reinforced with glass and oil palm fibers, Composites Science and Technology, 62, 339-353.
TP Sathishkumar, S Satheeshkumar, and J Naveen (2014), Glass fiber-reinforced polymer composites – a review, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 33 (13), 1258-1275.
Maria R Ricciardi, Vincenza Antonucci, Michele Giordano, and Mauro Zarrelli (2012), Thermal decomposition and fire behavior of glass fiber reinforced polyesterresin composites containing phosphate-based fire-retardant additives, Journal of Fire Sciences, 30 (4), 318-330.
Mohanty, A. K.; Misra, M.; Hinrichsen, G. Biofibers, (2000), Biofibers, biodegradable polymers and biocomposites: An overview, Journal of Macromolecularl. Material Engineering, 276-277, 1–24.
Kamrun N. Keya, Nasrin A. Kona, Farjana A. Koly, Kazi Madina Maraz, Md. Naimul Islam and Ruhul A. Khan (2019), Natural fiber reinforced polymer composites: history, types, advantages, and applications, Mater Eng Res, 2019, 1 (2), 69-87.
Shamsun Nahar, Ruhul A. Khan, Kamol Dey, Bapi Sarker, Anjan K. Das and Sushanta Ghoshal (2012), Comparative Studies of Mechanical and Interfacial Properties between Jute and Bamboo Fiber-Reinforced Polypropylene-Based Composites, Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, 25, 15-32.
H. P. S. Abdul Khalil, I. U. H. Bhat, M. Jawaid, A. Zaidon, D. Hermawan (2012), Y. S. Hadi, Bamboo fibre reinforced biocomposites: A review, Materials and Design 42, 353–368.
Thwea, M. M. and Liaob, K. (2003), Durability of Bamboo-glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Hybrid Composites, Composites Science and Technology, 63, 375–387.
Deshpande, A. P., Rao, M. B. and Rao, L. (2000), Extraction of Bamboo Fibers and Their Use as Reinforcement in Polymeric Composites, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 76, 83–92.
Xiao Chen, X., Guo, Q. and Mi, Y. (1998), Bamboo Fiber-Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: A Study of the Mechanical Properties, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 69, 1891–1899.
Puglia D, Biagiotti J, Kenny JM (2005), A review on natural fibre-based composites –part II, J Nat Fibres, 1, 23–65.
Das M, Chakraborty D. (2006), Influence of mercerization on the dynamic mechanical properties of bamboo, a natural lingo cellulosic composite, Ind Eng Chem Res, 45, 6489–92.
Thwe MM, Liao K. (2002), Effects of environmental aging on the mechanical properties of bamboo–glass fibre reinforced polymer matrix hybrid composites, Compos Part A – Appl S, 33, 43–52.
Okuba K, Fuji T, Yamamoto Y. (2004), Development of bamboo-based polymer composites and their mechanical properties. Compos Part A – Appl S, 35, 377–83.
Huang X, Netravali A. (2009), Biodegradable green composites made using bamboo micro/nano-fibrils and chemically modified soy protein resin. Compos Sci Technol, 69, 1009–15.
Liu H, Wu Q, Han G, Yao F, Kojima Y, Suzuki S. (2008), Compatibilizing and toughening bamboo Flour-filled HDPE composites: mechanical properties and morphologies, Compos Part A – Appl S, 39, 1891–900.
Bansal AK, Zoolagud S S. (2002), Bamboo composites: material of the future, J Bamboo Rattan, 1, 119–30.
Bullions, T. A., Gillespie, R. A., Price-O’Brien, J. and Loos, A. C. (2004), The Effect of Maleic Anhydride Modified Polypropylene on the Mechanical Properties of Feather Fiber, Kraft Pulp, Polypropylene Composites, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 92 (6), 3771–3783.
Joseph, P. V., Joseph, K. and Thomas, S. (2002), Short Sisal Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: The Role of Interface Modification on Ultimate Properties, Compos. Interf., 9 (2), 171–205.
Cantero, G., Arbelaiz, A., Llano-Ponte, R. and Mondragon, I. (2003), Effects of Fiber Treatment on Wettability and Mechanical Behavior of Flax/Polypropylene Composites, Compos. Sci. Technol., 9 (63), 1247–1258.
Cabral, F. S., Paiva, M. C., Nunes, J. P. and Bernardo, C. A. (2003), A Novel Technique for the Interfacial Characterization of Glass Fiber-Polypropylene Systems, Polym. Testi., 22 (8), 907–913.
Zhou, X. F., Wagner, H. D. and Nutt, S. R. (2001), Interfacial Properties of Polymer Composites Measured by Push-Out And Fragmentation Tests, Compos.: Part A, 32 (11), 1543–1551.
Greenfield, M. J., Pedicini, A. and Penn, L. S. (2000), Development of a Single Fiber Fragmentation Test for High Strain Rates, Int. J. Adhesion Adhesives, 20 (5), 403–407.
Md Shah, A. U., Sultan, M. T. H., Jawaid, M., Cardona, F., and Abu Talib, A. R. (2016), "A review on the tensile properties of bamboo fiber reinforced polymer composites," BioRes. 11 (4), 10654-10676.
Volkan Cecen, Yolda¸s Seki, Mehmet Sarikanat, Ismail H. Tavman (2008), FTIR and SEM Analysis of Polyester- and Epoxy-Based Composites Manufactured by VARTM Process, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 108, 2163–2170.
Mohanty, A., Khan, M. A., & Hinrichsen, G. (2000), Surface modification of and its influence on performance of biodegradable -fabric/Biopol composites. Composites Science and Technology, 60 (7), 1115-1124.
Khan, R. A., Khan, M. A., Sultana, S., Nuruzzaman Khan, M., Shubhra, Q. T. H. and Noor, F. G. (2010), Mechanical, Degradation and Interfacial Properties of Synthetic Degradable Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29 (3), 466–476.
Khan, R. A. Khan, A., Huq, T., Noor, N. and Khan, M. A. (2010), Studies on the Mechanical, Degradation and Interfacial Properties of Calcium Alginate Fiber Reinforced PP Composites, Journal of Polymer Plastics Technology and Engineering, 49, 407–413.