Semen Quality of Cockerel Breeders Gallus domesticus in Two Climates in Nigeria
Biomedical Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 21-27
Received: Dec. 30, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 14, 2017; Published: Feb. 27, 2017
Views 3723      Downloads 135
Authors
Ubah Simon Azubuike, Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
Muhammad Shuaibu Agana, Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
Obudu Christopher Ese, Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
Ogunbodede Mofoluso Ade, Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The present study was designed to access the reproductive status of Isa-brown cockerel breeders raised in Gwagwalada by comparing the semen quality of the cockerels raised in Gwagwalada and those raised in Jos. Twelve Isa-brown cockerels of (18-24 months) weighing between (3-4 kg) were used. Six cockerel breeders were randomly selected from three different breeder farms in Jos and six from Gwagwalada during the dry season. Environmental parameters that were measured were mean daily temperatures (T°C) and mean relative humidity (%) of study zones. After acclimatization semen samples were collected from the cockerels by cloaca massage into a graduated tube and analysed. The parameters that were analysed for semen quality included: motility, mass activity, percentage live, morphological defects, semen volume, pH and colour. Results showed that the cockerels from the two zones, had similar semen characteristics. The mean values for all the parameters measured werenot significantly different between the two zones (p>0.05). The average ambient temperature and relative humidity at the time of study were 37.5°C and 54% for Gwagwalada versus 20°C and 60% for Jos. It was concluded that the variations in the climatic conditions of the two zones had real effects on cockerel semen quality comparing the volume of semen obtained from the cockerels. High environmental temperature recorded in Gwagwalada was not combined with high humidity. Recommendation was that conscious effort must be made in terms of poultry house design and provision of facilities in other to shield the effect of heat stress on breeder farms in Gwagwalada.
Keywords
Semen, Cockerels, Breeders, Isa-brown, Climate, Nigeria
To cite this article
Ubah Simon Azubuike, Muhammad Shuaibu Agana, Obudu Christopher Ese, Ogunbodede Mofoluso Ade, Semen Quality of Cockerel Breeders Gallus domesticus in Two Climates in Nigeria, Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2017, pp. 21-27. doi: 10.11648/j.bs.20170301.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Sonaiya, E. B. (1997). African network on rural poultry Development: Progress Report, November 1989 to June 1995, Proceedings ANRPD Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 13: 4-143.
[2]
Gueye, E. F. (1998). Village egg and fowl meat production in Africa. World’s Poultry Science Journal: vol. 54.
[3]
McAinsh, C. V, Kusina, J., Madsen, J and Nyoni, O. (2004). Traditional Chicken Production in Zimbabwe Worlds. Science Journal 60, 233-246.
[4]
Adegbola, T. A. (1988). University Inaugural Lecture delivered on 21 January at A. T. B. U Bauchi, Nigeria.
[5]
Viljoen,W. C. J. (1991). The Poultry Industry in the Republic of South, Africa. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 47: 250-255.
[6]
Faostat. (2005b). http://faostat.fao.org/site/346/default. Aspx. Viewed on12-14/03/2007.
[7]
Faostat. (2005a). http://faostat.fao.org/site/340/default. Aspx. Viewed on19-22/03/2007.
[8]
Ikpi, A and Akinwumi. (1981). The future of the poultry industry in Nigeria. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 37: 39-43.
[9]
Benabdeljalil, K. (1983). Poultry Production in Moroco. World’s Science Journal, 39: 52-60.
[10]
Daghir, J. N. (2008). Poultry Production in Hot Climates CABI 2nd Edition: 1-200.
[11]
Etches, R. J.(1996). Reproduction in Poultry. CAB International, Cambridge, United Kingdom2-198.
[12]
Peters, S. O., Shoyebo, O. D., Ilori, B. M., Ozoje, M. O., Ikeobi, C. O. N. &Adebambo, O. A. (2008). Semen quality traits of seven strain of chickens raised in humid tropics. International Journal Poultry Science,7: 949-953.
[13]
Gordon, I. (2005). Reproductive technologies in farm animals. CABI Publishing UK.
[14]
Hafez, B. & Hafez, E. S. E. (2000). Reproduction in Farm Animals. 7th ed. New York Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, USA: 2-100.
[15]
Anderson, J. (2001). The semen of animals and its use for artificial insemination. Greenworld Publishers India: 5-97.
[16]
Bakst, M. R., Wishart, G. J., Brillard, J. P. (1994). Oviductal sperm selection, transport and storage in poultry. Poult. Sci. Rev. 5: 117–143.
[17]
Adenokun, S. D and Sonaiya, E. B. (2001). Comparison of the performance of Nigeria chickens from three-agro-ecological zones. Livest. Res. Rural Fev. 13, 2-5.
[18]
Lunstra, D. D., Wise, T. H and Ford, J. S. (2003). Sertoli cells in the boar testis: changes during development and compensatory hypertrophy after hemi castration at different ages. Biology of Reproduction, 168: 140-150.
[19]
Prince-feed. (1987). Animal feed and supplies: Helping independent dealers succeed since 1922. Prime Corporation. www.prince-corp.com. Retrieved Nov., 8th 2016.
[20]
Langendyk, J. A. (2005). The fine Art Society of cockerel and hens by Samuel Howitt 13x18.25 cm (2) #200-#300 (Dutch 1780-1818) A Coach party. Woolly and Wallis Fine old masters and 19th Century Paintings 9th.
[21]
Mundi, R and Chup, C. D. (2000). The population dynamics and the physical environment in the FCT. In: P. D. Dawan (ed). The Geography of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Published by Department of Geography, University of Abuja.
[22]
FCDA. (1979). The master plan for Abuja, the new federal capital of Nigeria, Lagos: The Federal Capital Development Authority.
[23]
National Population Commission. (2006). Nigeria 2006 Census Figures (population). Nigeria masterweb @http: www.nigeriamasterweb.com. Retrieved Nov., 8th 2016.
[24]
Climatologic Informationof Abuja. (2006). The Geography of Abuja. Dept. of Meteorological Service; www.nigeriamasterweb.com Retrieved Nov., 8th 2012.
[25]
Canadian Council on Animal Care Guide (CACC). (1993). http://www.ccac.ca/Documents/Standards/Guidlines/Experimental_Animals_Voll.pdf (second ed.) Accessed 04.11.2015, 10pm.
[26]
Lake, P. E. (1957). The male reproductive tract of the fowl. J. Anatomy, 91: 116-129.
[27]
Bah, G. S., Chaughari, S. U. R. & Al-Amin, J. D. (2001). Semen characteristics of local breeder cocks in the Sahel region of Nigeria. Revue Elev. Med. Vet. Pays trop 54, 153-158.
[28]
Ayo, J. O. &Sinkalu, V. O. (2007). Effects of ascorbic acid on diurnal variations in rectal temperature of shaver brown pullets during the hot dry season. Int. J. Poultry Science; 6, 642-646.
[29]
Obidi, J. A., Onyeanusi, B. I., Rekwot, P. I., Ayo and Dzenda, T. (2008). Seasonal variations in seminal characteristics of chikabrown cocks. International Journal Poultry. Science. 7, 1219-1223.
[30]
Oguntunji, A. O., Aderemi, F. A., Lawal, T. EandAlabi, O. M. (2008). The Influence of seasonal variation on performance of a commercial laying strain in a derived savana environment in Nig. Journal Poultry Science 5, 75-82.
[31]
Karaca, A. G., Parker, H. M. & McDaniel, C. D. (2002). Elevated body temperature directly contributes to heat stress infertility of broiler breeder males. Poultry Science 81,1892- 1897.
[32]
Froman, D. P. &Feltmann, A. J. (2005). Fowl (Gallus domesticus) sperm motility depends upon mitochondrial calcium cycling driven by extracellular sodium. Biol. Reproduction, 72: 97-101.
[33]
Tuncer, P. B., Kinet, H. & Ozdogan, N. (2008). Evaluation of some spermatological characteristics inGerze cocks. Ankara Univ. Vet. Fak. Derg.55: 99-102.
[34]
Adeyemo, G. O., Longe, O. G and Lawal, H. A. (2008). Effect of feeding desert locust meal (shistocercagregaria) on performance and hematology of broilers. Department. Animal Science Fac. Agric University of Ibadan Nigeria Retrieved on June 16, 2005 www.tropentag.de/2008/abstracts/full/625 pdf.
[35]
Machebe, N. S and Ezekwe, A. G. (2005). Ejaculate characteristics of three genotype of local cocksin the humid tropics. Journal of Agriculture, Food, Environmental Extension; 3: 33-37.
[36]
Lukaszewicz, E., Jersey, A., Partyka, A. &Siudzinska, A. (2008). Efficacy of evaluation of rooster sperm morphology using different staining methods. Res. Veterinary Science 85, 583-588.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186