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A Cross-Sectional Study on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Consumption Patterns and Nourish Status Among Students at Faculty of Medicine of Sarajevo University
Biomedical Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 52-55
Received: Jun. 30, 2020; Accepted: Jul. 15, 2020; Published: Jul. 28, 2020
Views 219      Downloads 70
Authors
Amra Catovic, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mensura Besir, Health Centre “Dom zdravlja Donji Vakuf”, Donji Vakuf, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Abstract
Emerging adulthood is typically defined as 18-25 years of age. It may be a particularly important time for establishing long-term health behavior patterns. The transition between adolescence and adulthood is a period of increased risk for excess weight gain, because of shifts in activity patterns as well as declines in overall-diet quality. Sugar-sweetened beverages, a great source of added sugar to the diet, contribute to energy imbalance. A small, persistent energy imbalance of 50 calories per day could result in a 5-pound weight gain over the course of one year. This study aimed to assess the nourish status in a sample of students from Faculty of Medicine of Sarajevo University and correlate it with student consumption pattern of sugar-sweetened beverages. A cross-sectional survey of 246 students was performed during May 2018, at the Sarajevo University. Verbal informed consent was obtained from all participants before completing the self-administered questionnaire that included questions on their frequency of consumption of SSBs eating habits and anthropometrics measures, weight and height. Body mass index was used to assess students nourish status. Statistical analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (IBM, version 23.0). Results were expressed as percentages and means ± standard deviations. This study showed that the majority of the students (69.26%) were of normal weight. One quarter of sample (26.83%) had BMI > 24.9. Intake of soda was more common among students with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 than students with BMI ≤ 24.9 kg/m2 (78.79% vs. 63.89% respectively). Among students with BMI ≤ 24.9 kg/m2, 73.33% reported drinking energy drink never compared to 42.42% students with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. This study gives baseline information about weight status and consumption pattern of SSBs among a sample of university students. Regulating the intake of free sugars could be used as an approach for successful body weight control.
Keywords
Obesity, Weight Gain, Wishnofsky's Rule, Emerging Adulthood
To cite this article
Amra Catovic, Mensura Besir, A Cross-Sectional Study on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Consumption Patterns and Nourish Status Among Students at Faculty of Medicine of Sarajevo University, Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 52-55. doi: 10.11648/j.bs.20200603.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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