Coastal Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Case Study of Char Montaz in Patuakhali District of Bangladesh
American Journal of Modern Energy
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 58-64
Received: May 14, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 6, 2017;
Published: Jul. 14, 2017
Views 1696 Downloads 105
Saydur Rahman, Department of Geography and Environment, Dhaka University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Touhiduzzaman, Department of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Bangladesh
Irteja Hasan, Faculty of Disaster Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Bangladesh
Follow on us
This study was conducted at coastal Char Montaz in Rangabali Upazila at Patuakhali district of Bangladesh. Char Montaz is vulnerable to different types of destructive disasters due to its geographic location. Disasters such as floods, river bank erosion, cyclone, tornado, hail storm, water logging, salinity intrusion etc. are gradually intensifying by climate change and composing risks for the coastal people in Char Montaz. The study is concerned with climate change related risks and hazards that affects the inhabitant’s livelihood of the study area. The study findings demonstrated that the climate change has affected the 70% people’s agricultural livelihood in many ways. It has also created a state of unemployment among the people of coastal communities. As a result, the affected people are losing their means of livelihoods and forced to take several alternative means of livelihoods to cope with the adverse impact of climate change related disasters. The study identifies the livelihood adaptation strategies adapted by the affected communities in Char Montaz area. The present paper exhibits that the coastal community people try to solve their problems through adopting and exploring alternative employments.
Climatic Change, Climate Change Impact, Disaster, Coastal Livelihood, Bangladesh
To cite this article
Coastal Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Case Study of Char Montaz in Patuakhali District of Bangladesh, American Journal of Modern Energy.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2017, pp. 58-64.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ahmed, A. U. and M. Alam, 1998. Development of climate change scenarios with general Circulation Models. In: S. Huq, Z. Karim, M. Asaduzzaman and F. Mahtab (Eds.). Vulnerability and Adaptation Climate Change for Bangladesh. Kluwer Academic Publication, Dordrecht. Pp: 13-20.
Department Of Disaster Management. (2013) Training of Trainers (Tot) On Multi-Hazard Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (MRVA), Modeling and Mapping. Ministry Of Disaster Management and Relief, Government of Bangladesh.
IPCC (2007) Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, Van Der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (Eds) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation And Vulnerability: An Assessment Report Of The Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change; Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK, 2007.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2001, Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Summery For Policymakers and Technical Summery of the Working Group II Report, Geneva.
Islam, M. R., 2004. Living in the Coast: Problems, Opportunities and Challenges. Working Paper WP011, Dhaka. 2004, Programme Development Office (PDO) and Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan (ICZMP). Pp: 13-15.
Ministry Of Environment and Forest (Moef). (2009). Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy Action Plan, 2009, Government of the People Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Nasreen, M. (1995) Coping With Floods: The Experience of Rural Women in Bangladesh, Unpublished Phd Dissertation, Messey University, New Zealand.
Nasreen, M. (2008) ‘Impact of Climate Change on Food Security in Bangladesh: Gender and Disaster Perspectives’ Paper Presented At the ‘International Symposium on Climate Change and Food Security in South Asia’, Dhaka 25-30 August, 2008.
Nasreen, M. (2008) Impact Of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security. Published By Action Aid International and Action Aid Bangladesh.
Nasreen, M. (2008) ‘Sustainable Development and Impacts of Climate Change: A Gender Perspective’. ITN, BUET.
OXFAM (2009), Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change and Livelihood of the Poor and Marginalized People. A Framework for Oxfam GB Bangladesh.