The Physico-Mechanical Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Resin Filled with Huracrepitan Pod for Wall Tiles Application
American Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2018, Pages: 16-21
Received: Jun. 26, 2018;
Accepted: Aug. 16, 2018;
Published: Sep. 12, 2018
Views 445 Downloads 76
Ibeneme Uche, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Ejiogu Ibe Kevin, Directorate of Research and Development, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Umar Muhammad Hamis, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Egwu Chinwe Euphemia, Department of Science laboratory Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Aiyejegbara Mosunmade Olukemi, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Ugbaja Michael Ifeayichukwu, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Follow on us
Huracrepitan pod was the fibre material used for this research and unsaturated polyester resin was used as the matrix. The huracrepitan pod was crushed with the aid of the Thomas-Willey laboratory mill machine, model 4 and was sieved using a standard sieve of 250 µm. The crushed huracrepitan pod was then soaked in a standard solution of 20% Sodium Hydroxide for 24 hours and washed with distilled water. It was later dried in the oven for an hour for final removal of moisture. I00 g of unsaturated polyester resin was reinforced with huracrepitan pod particles of filler loadings of 0 g, 10 g, 20 g, 30 g, and 40 g., while 90 g, 80 g, 70 g and 60 g of unsaturated polyester resin were reinforced with 20 g, 30 g and 40 g huracrepitan pod.The composites obtained were cut into dumbbell shapes and characterized to assess their performance. The hardness was enhanced to the maximum of 99.00 Shore A at 40% filler loading the percentage water absorption was found to be 0.3g. Pure unsaturated polyester resin recorded hardness of 94.67 Shore A, and water absorption of 0.30g and the percentage elongation optimum was found to be 15% at 40% filler loading and 2.5% at 0% filler loading. The results indicated that the use of huracrepitan pod particles as reinforcement can enhance the properties of polyester composites. It was observed that the samples with the highest filler loading absorbed more impact energy and also increased the elongation percentage. The application of Huracrepitan pod as filler in this work improved the mechanical properties of the thermosetting polymer.
Huracrepitan Pod, Unsaturated Polyester Resin, Composite, Filler Loading, Fibers
To cite this article
Ejiogu Ibe Kevin,
Umar Muhammad Hamis,
Egwu Chinwe Euphemia,
Aiyejegbara Mosunmade Olukemi,
Ugbaja Michael Ifeayichukwu,
The Physico-Mechanical Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Resin Filled with Huracrepitan Pod for Wall Tiles Application, American Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2018, pp. 16-21.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The Open University (UK), (2000). T838 Design and Manufacture with Polymers: Introduction to Polymers, page 9. Milton Keynes: The Open University.
Chandramohan D. and K Manninmathu (2011a): drilling of natural fiber particles reinforced polymer composites materials, International Journal of advanced engineering research and studies. Vol. 1. Tissue 1 October-December, 2011, pg 134-145.
Jones. David E (2007). Poison arrows: North American Indian huntingandwarefare. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71428-1.
Kabirat (2016) preparation and characterization of polypropylene composite filled with huracrepitan pod particles.
Waterman, Pamela J. (2007): “the life of composite material” Desktop Engineering Magazine.
Chandramohan D., Marimuthu K., A research review on natural fibers, Proceedings of the International Journal of Current Research, (2011b), 3(11), p. 331-337.
Pilato, L, Michno, Michael, J(1994) Advanced Composite materials, Springer-Verlag. Newyork, ISBN 978-3-540-57563-4.
Campbell, F, (2010). Thermoset Composite Fabrication processes, in: Structural composite materials. S, I, ASM International pp 119-182.www.asm international.org.
Francesca, S, Simonia, B, Maria-Bentrica(2008) Po(Lactic acid) Properties as a consequence of poly(butylene) adipate-co-terephthalate) blending and acetyltributyl citrate plastication. Journal of applied Polymer Science.
Dwayne, A,(2003) Composites and advanced materials NASA, U, S, Centennialof flight commission
Swaine M. D, Beer T, (1977) Expolosive Seed dispersal in Huracrepitans New Phytologist, 78(3), 695-708.
Wermer H. J, A and Alters F. W. K, (1989) Small Scale Processing of Oil Fruits and Oil Seeds. Eshborn, Germany.
Otoikhian, S. K Aluyor E, O and Audu T. O. K (2016) Mechanical Extraction and Fuel Properties Evaluation of Huracrepitans seed oil. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology. Volume 11(6).
Bodger D.(1982) Investigation of the Extraction, Refining and Composition of Oil From Winged Bean (PSO, Phocarpus Tetragonolobus) Journal of American Oil Chemical Society, 59 (12) 523-30.
Alabi K. A., Lajide, L., Owolabi, B. J., (2013). Analysis of Fatty Acid Composition of Thevetia Peruviana and Huracrepitans Seed Oil Using GD-F. D Fountain. Journal of Natural and Applied Science. 2(2) 327.