Assessment of Low Temperature Refining Process of Castor Seed Oil for Biodiesel Production
American Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 1-6
Received: Sep. 23, 2018; Accepted: Jan. 2, 2019; Published: Jan. 29, 2019
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Authors
Chika Muhammad, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Muhammad Mukhtar, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Muhammad Sabiu Jibrin, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Musa Usman Dabai, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Aliyu Sarkin Baki, Department of Microbiology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
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Abstract
In recent years research on biodiesel production from non-edible seed oil is receiving more attention to prevent food vs biofuels problems such as starvation in developing countries. Castor seed oil is potential non-edible biodiesel feedstock, but it has high viscosity and high acid value which are among the undesired factors in biodiesel production. The castor seed oil was extracted using soxhlet extraction method, refined using standard analytical methods and its physicochemical properties was determined using ASTM methods. The crude extracts of castor seeds oil which was characterized as high viscous oil, was refined to improve its quality, and physicochemical properties of refined and crude extracts castor seed oil was studies. The crude extracts oil (41.29±1.54%) produce was refined to reduce its high viscosity (233.0±2.00 mm2/s) and acid value (4.488±0.40 mgKOH/g). The viscosity and acid value of the oil significant reduced to 159.0±3.00 mm2/s and 2.805±0.20 mgKOH/g after the refining process. The others physicochemical properties such as flash point, saponification value, iodine value, moisture contents, specific gravity, refractive index, kinematic viscosity, cloud point, pour point and free fatty acids qualities were improved after refining. The study show that refined castor seed oil were more suitable in biodiesel production than crude castor seed oil.
Keywords
Castor Seed Oil, Soxhlet Extraction, Refining, Physicochemical Properties
To cite this article
Chika Muhammad, Muhammad Mukhtar, Muhammad Sabiu Jibrin, Musa Usman Dabai, Aliyu Sarkin Baki, Assessment of Low Temperature Refining Process of Castor Seed Oil for Biodiesel Production, American Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcbe.20190301.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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