The Impact of Financial Leverage on the Performance of Commercial Banks: Evidence from Selected Commercial Banks in Ethiopia
International Journal of Accounting, Finance and Risk Management
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 62-68
Received: Oct. 16, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 24, 2019; Published: Apr. 14, 2020
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Desta Zelalem, Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Business and Economics, Hawassa University, Hawassa City, Ethiopia
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The financing decision function of corporate finance deals with determining the best financing mix or capital structure of the firm in order to maximize the value of firm or wealth of owners. In Ethiopia, Commercial Banks use a combination of debt and equity source of finance in their capital structure. Each source of finance has its own cost of capital in the capital structure and hence effect on value of corporation. The ratio used to measure the proportion of debt to equity is considered as Financial Leverage. The main objective of this study is to investigate the effect of financial leverage on the financial performance of Ethiopian Commercial Banks for the period of 10 years (2008-2017) for the 5 selected commercial banks. As a measure of financial leverage for the independent variables three variables such as Debt ratio (DR), Debt Equity ratio (DER) and Interest coverage ratio (ICR) (times interest earned ratio) were used. As a measure of financial performance, the dependent variable two ratios such as return on asset (ROA) and return on equity (ROE) were used. The ex-post facto and longitudinal research design were used. The secondary data were collected from the audited financial reports (profit and loss statement and statement of financial position) of selected commercial banks operated in Ethiopian financial system. Descriptive statistics and Fixed Effect model were used. The result of the study showed that, Debt Ratio (DR) has a negative insignificant effect on Banks’ performance measured by Return on Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE) while Debt Equity Ratio (DER) And Interest Coverage Ratio (ICR) have significant positive Effect on Banks’ performance measured by Return on Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE).
Financial Leverage, Return on Assets, Return on Equity, Debt Ratio, Debt Equity Ratio (DER), Interest Coverage Ratio, Commercial Banks
To cite this article
Desta Zelalem, The Impact of Financial Leverage on the Performance of Commercial Banks: Evidence from Selected Commercial Banks in Ethiopia, International Journal of Accounting, Finance and Risk Management. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 62-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ijafrm.20200501.16
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