Assessment and Selection of Competing Models for Count Data: An Application to Early Childhood Caries
International Journal of Data Science and Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 24-31
Received: Feb. 19, 2018;
Accepted: Mar. 19, 2018;
Published: Mar. 23, 2018
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Agnes Njambi Wanjau, Department of Statistics and Actuarial Sciences, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
Samuel Musili Mwalili, Department of Statistics and Actuarial Sciences, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
Oscar Ngesa, Department of Statistics and Actuarial Sciences, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
Count data has been witnessed in a wide range of disciplines in real life. Poisson, negative binomial (NB), zero inflated Poisson (ZIP) and zero inflated negative binomial (ZINB) are some of the regression models proposed to model data with count response. All the count models are potential candidates that can model count data, but there is no means to choose the one that would perform better than the others. This study aimed to assess the count models mentioned earlier at various degrees of zero inflation. Datasets were simulated with ZIP distribution with different conditions of zero inflation (0%, 2%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 30% and 40%). Poisson and NB were observed to predict regression coefficients well when the proportion of zero is below 15%. The two ZIM performed well at higher degrees of zero inflation; beyond 15% for ZIP and 20% for ZINB. Exploratory examination of the caries data revealed a zero inflation below 15%, that is, 3.23%. Analysis of early childhood caries (ECC) data among 3-6 year old children who visited Lady Northey Dental Clinic was then performed with Poisson and NB. Akaike information criterion (AIC) test was used to compare all the competing models both under simulation and with real data. Poisson yielded lower AIC values at lower zero inflation rates as compared to other three models. ZIP had the lowest AIC value at 10%, 15%, 20%, 30% and 40% levels of zero inflation. NB model had the lowest AIC value when real data was analyzed. Education level of the father- primary school completed, chewing gum several times a week, Feeding habit jam several times a day, Feeding habit juice every day, Feeding habit soda every day and Feeding habit sweets several times a week were found to be significant factors causing ECC.
Agnes Njambi Wanjau,
Samuel Musili Mwalili,
Assessment and Selection of Competing Models for Count Data: An Application to Early Childhood Caries, International Journal of Data Science and Analysis.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2018, pp. 24-31.
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